David Edge Prize
Edge Prize 2017: Stephen J. Collier and Andrew Lakoff
“Vital Systems Security: Reflexive Biopolitics and the Government of Emergency,” from Theory, Culture & Society, vol. 32, no. 2 (2015), pp. 19-51.
The Edge Prize Committee is pleased to present the award to Stephen J. Collier and Andrew Lakoff for their article, “Vital Systems Security: Reflexive Biopolitics and the Government of Emergency,” from Theory, Culture & Society, vol. 32, no. 2 (2015), pp. 19-51.
In a piece that seamlessly weaves deep theoretical engagement with rich historical analysis, Collier and Lakoff complicate our understanding of biopolitics as an organizing logic of modernist governance. They demonstrate that the techniques of population management that emerged in the 19th century, such as public health and urban planning, and which have formed the basis of social scientists’ theories of biopolitics, represent but one approach taken by states to securing the health and well-being of their national populations. Alongside these techniques of “population security,” Collier and Lakoff argue, the 20th century witnessed the emergence of “vital systems security,” which takes as its object the distributed, sociotechnical systems on which human populations have come to depend and aims at assessing and avoiding unpredictable, episodic threats to these vital infrastructures.
By demonstrating the distinctiveness of vital systems security and its significance in contemporary governance, Collierand Lakoff do more than extend theories of biopolitics--though that in itself would make a significant contribution to the field. They also engage theories of the risk society, showing how the techniques of vital systems security address potentially catastrophic events that exceed traditional forms of risk management. In addition, while adopting a rigorously neutral stance, the authors open up new possibilities for assessing techniques of contemporary governance, especially in times of disaster acute and chronic. Arguing that the notion of the “state of exception” has been overgeneralized, thereby obfuscating whole realms of expertise and governance, they ask us as researchers to consider instead the ways vital systems security thinking shapes how states exercise power in their normal, and normalized, management of emergencies.
Collier and Lakoff’s paper was selected from among 22 nominees from the journals East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal, Asian Medicine, Configurations, Social Studies of Science, Science, Technology, & Human Values, Theory, Culture & Society, Kronos: Southern African Histories, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Cities, and Engineering Studies. In evaluating this field of high-quality papers, the committee looked for work that combined empirical data with a clear theoretical framework in a way that reached beyond the boundaries of a particular case to advance thinking in STS.
2017 Edge Prize Committee: Gwen Ottinger, Drexel University, USA (Council Member, chair), Kristoffer Whitney, Rochester Institute of Technology, USA (2016 Winner), and Margarita Rayzberg, Northwestern University, USA (Student Representative to Council)
Acceptance Statement: Stephen J. Collier and Andrew Lakoff
We are honored to accept this year's David Edge Prize, and grateful to the prize committee for its perceptive and careful reading of our article. It is especially gratifying for our work to be recognized within the field of Science and Technology Studies, which has been a site of continuing inspiration and lively engagement for us. Our article was the product of a lengthy process of collaborative research and writing, and we are grateful to a number of colleagues who provided feedback and encouragement along the way. In particular, we would like to thank the editors of the special issue of the journal Theory, Culture and Society in which the article appeared: Pete Adey, Ben Anderson, and Stephen Graham. We are also grateful to the Science, Technology and Society program of the National Science Foundation for its support of our ongoing research on contemporary forms of security.
Stephen J. Collier is Associate Professor in the Graduate Program in International Affairs at the New School in New York. He has conducted research in Russia, Georgia, and the United States, and has published on a range of topics including post-socialism, neoliberalism, infrastructure, social welfare, planning, and contemporary security. He is author of Post-Soviet Social: Neoliberalism, Social Modernity, Biopolitics (Princeton University Press, 2011), and co-editor of Biosecurity Interventions (Columbia University Press, 2008), and Global Assemblages (Blackwell, 2005). He is completing a book on the government of catastrophes in the United States during the 20th century.
Andrew Lakoff is Professor of Sociology at the University of Southern California. He has conducted research in Argentina, France and the United States, and his areas of interest include the social studies of medicine, the history of the human sciences, and the science and politics of risk. He is the author of Pharmaceutical Reason: Knowledge and Value in Global Psychiatry (Cambridge University Press, 2006) and co-editor of Global Pharmaceuticals: Ethics, Markets, Practices (Duke University Press, 2006) and Biosecurity Interventions (Columbia University Press, 2008). His most recent book is Unprepared: Global Health in a Time of Emergency (University of California Press, 2017).
About the David Edge Prize
Awarded annually for an outstanding article in the area of science and technology studies.
The Prize is named in memory of David Edge (1932-2003). David was trained in astronomy, and worked with the BBC before becoming the first Director of the Science Studies Unit at the University of Edinburgh in 1966. He had a strong administrative and intellectual role in the development of science and technology studies, as we know it today. He was active with the 4S from its beginning, and served as President and received the Bernal award for lifetime achievement. Throughout his life, David lent his tremendous energy to a broad range of interests and activities. Especially pertinent for this award was his role as co-founder and long-term editor of Social Studies of Science (1970-2002). He was no ordinary editor: his unparalleled enthusiasm and unique personal touch pervaded even the most routine aspects of editing, and his encouragement and diligent work with new authors helped launch many careers in the field.
Eligibility for the Prize
- Published papers that have undergone peer-review are eligible: This includes papers that have appeared in print journals and in e-journals as well as chapters in edited volumes. In the latter case, proof that the papers have undergone peer-review must be provided. Chapters in monographs (such texts are covered by the 4S book prizes) are not eligible.
- Eligible publication dates for 2019 prize: The prize committee will consider papers that appeared in the years 2016 or 2017 in print or electronically (e-journals) in final form. What counts are the ‘official’ publication dates, and not the dates when preprints (electronic or otherwise) are first available.
- Authorship: Single-authored and co-authored articles are eligible. There are no restrictions concerning the author’s professional status.
- Language: Texts published in a language other than English can be considered when an English translation is made available.
- Committee: Membership on the prize committee is ex-officio. The committee chair and other members are nominated by the 4S President. The current 4S President and the 4S secretary are ex-officio members of the committee.
- Nominations: Nominations may be made by any member of the society and by editors of journals in the field of STS. Articles may also be self-nominated. Nominations for next year’s award are now closed; the deadline for 2019 nominations is May 1, 2018.
- The prize includes a cash award to help defray the costs of attending the annual meeting to receive it. The award is announced at the Presidential Awards Plenary of the 4S annual meeting. The Chair will inform the winner as soon as possible after the decision, in order that they may attend the ceremony.
2016 - Kristoffer Whitney (2014) "Domesticating nature? Surveillance and conservation of migratory shorebirds in the ‘Atlantic Flyway’. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45: 78–87.
2015 - Benjamin Sims and Chris Henke, “Repairing credibility: Repositioning nuclear weapons knowledge after the Cold War,”. Social Studies of Science, vol. 42, no. 3, June 2012, pp. 324-347
2014 - Janet Vertesi. "“Seeing Like a Rover”: Visualization, Embodiment and Interaction on the Mars Exploration Rover Mission."
2013 - Joan Fujimura and Ramya Rajagopalan. "Different differences: The use of ‘genetic ancestry’ versus race in biomedical human genetic research." Social Studies of Science 41(1):5-30, 2011.
2012 - A.B. Edmonds, "Learning to Love Yourself." Esthetics, Health and Therapeutics in Brazilian Plastic Surgery. Ethnos 74:4(465-489). 2009
2011 - Wen-Hua Kuo, “The Voice on the Bridge: Taiwan’s Regulatory Engagement with Global Pharmaceuticals.” East Asian Science, Technology and Society: an International Journal, vol.3 no.1 (2009), pp.51-72.
2010 – Jason A. Delborne. “Transgenes and Transgressions: Scientific Dissent as Heterogeneous Practice,” Social Studies of Science (2008)
2009 - Alan Irwin. “The Politics of Talk: Coming to Terms with the ‘New’ Scientific Governance,” Social Studies of Science (2006)