A collection of STS news items, in the order submitted, including grants and awards, new books and other publications, and people news.
Last updated 12/19/2014 by Jay Burlingham.
New Book: Reconstructing Sustainability Science: Knowledge and Action for a Sustainable Future
Updated: December 19 2014
Book release: Reconstructing Sustainability Science: Knowledge and Action for a Sustainable Future (Routledge, The Earthscan Science in Society Series)
The growing urgency, complexity and "wickedness" of sustainability problems—from climate change and biodiversity loss to ecosystem degradation and persistent poverty and inequality—present fundamental challenges to scientific knowledge production and its use. While there is little doubt that science has a crucial role to play in our ability to pursue sustainability goals, critical questions remain as to how to most effectively organize research and connect it to actions that advance social and natural wellbeing.
Drawing on interviews with leading sustainability scientists, this book examines how researchers in the emerging, interdisciplinary field of sustainability science are attempting to define sustainability, establish research agendas, and link the knowledge they produce to societal action. Utilizing theories and insights from science and technology studies, the book explores the normative, epistemic and socio-political boundaries and tensions in this new, transdisciplinary field. The book reformulates the sustainability science research agenda and its relationship to decision-making and social action. It repositions the field as a "science of design" that aims to enrich public reasoning and deliberation while also working to generate social and technological innovations for a more sustainable future.
This timely book gives students, researchers and practitioners a valuable and unique analysis of the emergence of sustainability science, and both the opportunities and barriers faced by scientific efforts to contribute to social action.
About the Author
Thaddeus R. Miller is Assistant Professor at the Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning and a Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Sustainable Solutions at Portland State University, USA. He is also an affiliate of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes at Arizona State University, USA. His research explores the social, ethical and political dimensions of science, technology and sustainability.
New Book: Nature-Nurture? No: Moving the Sciences of Variation and Heredity Beyond the Gaps
Updated: December 19 2014
Nature-Nurture? No: Moving the Sciences of Variation and Heredity Beyond the Gaps, by Peter J. Taylor, 2014,
204pp., ISBN 978-0-9849216-4-5 (pbk) 978-0-9849216-5-2 (cloth)
(Available from online retailers in North America, Europe, and Australia, or as a pdf ebook from the publisher, The Pumping Station.)
Almost every day we hear that some trait "has a strong genetic basis" or "of course it is a combination of genes and environment, but the hereditary component is sizeable." To say No to Nature-Nurture is to reject this relative weighting of heredity and environment. This book shows that partitioning the variation observed for any trait into a heritability fraction and other components provides little clear or useful information about the genetic and environmental influences.
A key move this book makes is to distill the issues into eight conceptual and methodological gaps that need attention. Some gaps should be kept open; others should be bridged-or the difficulty of doing so should be conceded. Previous researchers and commentators have either not acknowledged all the gaps, not developed the appropriate responses, or not consistently sustained their responses. Indeed, despite decades of contributions to nature-nurture debates, some fundamental problems in the relevant sciences have been overlooked.
When all the gaps are given proper attention, the limitations of human heritability studies become clear. They do not provide a reliable basis for genetic research that seeks to identify the molecular variants associated with trait variation, for assertions that genetic differences in many traits come, over people's lifetimes, to eclipse environmental differences and that the search for environmental influences and corresponding social policies is unwarranted, or for sociological research that focuses on differences in the experiences of members of the same family.
Saying No is saying Yes to interesting scientific and policy questions about heredity and variation. To move beyond the gaps is to make space for fresh inquiries in a range of areas: in various sciences, from genetics and molecular biology to epidemiology and agricultural breeding; in history, philosophy, sociology, and politics of the life and social sciences; and in engagement of the public in discussion of developments in science.
The Einstein Revolution: a new free open online course from Harvard University starting Feb 12, 2015
Updated: December 19 2014
Message from Peter Galison:
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
I am pleased to announce that on February 12th we will be launching a new open online course from Harvard: The Einstein Revolution.
Offered through HarvardX, Harvard University’s initiative for innovative teaching and learning, and run on the edX platform, the general level course is open to everyone around the world. You can learn more and register (for free) here: https://www.edx.org/course/einstein-revolution-harvardx-emc2x
The Einstein Revolution follows Einstein’s scientific, cultural, philosophical, and political trajectory, highlighting the changing role of physics in the 20th and 21st centuries. The course touches on a broad array of topics: relativity, quantum mechanics, Nazism, nuclear weapons, philosophy, the arts, and technology.
Participants in the course will follow seventeen lessons, each of which will present a mix of science (with no prerequisites!) and the broader, relevant cultural surround.
As I teach the traditional residential course at Harvard College, I also designed it specifically for use in a blended classroom format or as supplemental materials for a variety of courses in physics, history of science, and related topics. The aim is to make possible to use either in a linear fashion or in modules that can be interwoven into existing courses or programs.
My hope is that seeing the last 115 years through the lens of Albert Einstein will lead to a deeper understanding of the connections between science, politics, and the broader culture, and inspire a sense of wonder and appreciation of some of the deepest-going theories in history.
So here is an invitation to sign up for the course and to help spread the word to your colleagues and friends--indeed anyone you think might find The Einstein Revolution of interest.
Peter L. Galison
Joseph Pellegrino University Professor
Director, Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments
Ph.D., Harvard University
Special issue of Science, Technology, and Human Values on STS and Development
Updated: October 17 2014
A special issue of ST&HV, which focuses in STS & Development and is guest edited by Raoni Rajão (Brazil), Ricardo B. Duque (USA) and Rahul De (India), will be released in print November 2014.
The guest editors wish to thank the contributors and the ST&HV editorial team for their patience and hard work. Initiated during Track 40 of the 2010 EASST conference in Trento, Italy, this scholarly team and eventual group of final papers and their authors benefited greatly from the peer-review and editorial process. The scope of these papers covers relevant STS theories and objects of study, while at times deviating from them as well to reflect the rich diversity and inclusive promise our field has to offer. We sincerely hope this publication inspires other like-minded special issues and publications that explore how science and technology objects & processes and their study are shaping and being shaped by the Global South.
New issue, Critical Reviews on Latin American Research: “Asymmetries of Knowledge in Latin America”
Updated: October 12 2014
Critical Reviews on Latin American Research - CROLAR has just published its latest issue at http://www.crolar.org/index.php/crolar. The special issue is on "Asymmetries of Knowledge in Latin America" and it gathers contributions from Latin American Authors about different research in the region which is directly connected with STS.
Editorial Crolar 3(2)
Sabina García Peter & Marcela Suárez Estrada
Saber y poder. Testimonios de directoras de la UNAM by Norma Blazquez Graf
and Olga Bustos Romero (2013)
Anna Rabea Weis
The Politics of Academic Autonomy in Latin America by Fernanda Beigel (ed.)
Usted ya en la universidad y no saber escribir. Escritura y poder en la
universidad by Sandra Soler Castillo (2013)
Imperio e información. Funciones del saber en el dominio colonial español
by Arndt Brendecke (2012)
Nino Vallen, Marcela Suárez
De las dualidades a las ecologías by Boaventura de Sousa Santos (2012)
Belen Olmos Giupponi
Local Histories/Global Designs. Coloniality, Subaltern Knowledges, and
Border Thinking by Walter Mignolo (2012)
Entangled Knowledge. Scientific Discourses and Cultural Difference. Cultural
Encounters and the Discourses of Scholarship by Klaus Hock y Gesa Mackenthum
Theories from the South. Or, How Euro-America is Evolving Toward Africa by
Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff (2012)
Occidental Readings, Decolonial Practices: A Selection on Gender, Genre, and
Coloniality in the Americas by Julia Roth (2014)
Embers of the past. Essays in times of decolonization by Javier C. Sanjinés
Lucía Alicia Aguerre
Tecnología, Desarrollo y Democracia. Nueve estudios sobre dinámicas
socio-técnicas de exclusión/inclusión social by Hernán Thomas; MarianoFressoli; Guillermo Santos (orgs.) (2012)
Carlos Mauricio Nupia
Estudio Social de la Ciencia y la Tecnología desde América Latina by
Antonio Arellano Hernández and Pablo Kreimer (eds.) (2011)
José Miguel Natera
Indigenous Media in Mexico. Culture, Community, and the State by Erica Cusi
Claudia Magallanes Blanco
In Search of the Amazon: Brazil, the United States, and the nature of a
region by Seth W. Garfield (2013)
Vanessa Boanada Fuchs
Political Economy, Communication and Knowledge: A Latin American Perspective
by César Bolaño, Guillermo Mastrini y Francisco Sierra (eds.) (2012)
Centers and Peripheries in Knowledge Production by Leandro Rodríguez Medina
Claudio Ramos Zincke
Center and periphery: Essays in Macrosociology by Edward Shils (1975)
Leandro Rodríguez Medina
Traducción de asimetrías en el conocimiento: reflexiones de Hebe Vessuri
Interview with Hebe Vessuri
by Marcela Suárez Estrada & Sabina García Peter
Mapa del cuerpo femenino: una lectura deconstructiva de creadoras visuales
en Costa Rica by Claudia Mandel Katz (2010)
Kaciano Barbosa Gadelha
Latinos y otros peregrinos & Cuatro ciudades by Juan Manuel Chávez (2013)
Incluyendo sin excluir. Género y movilidad en instituciones de educación
superior by Jennifer Chan de Avila, Sabina García Peter & Martha Zapata
Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America. Emergence, survival, and
fall by Scott Mainwaring y Aníbal Pérez-Liñán (2013)
Sabina Morales Rosas
Complete Edition Crolar Vol.3(2)
New Volume of Controversies in Science and Technology: From Sustainability to Surveillance
Updated: September 22 2014
Controversies in Sciences and Technology: From Sustainability to Surveillance.
Edited by Daniel Lee Kleinman, Karen Cloud-Hansen, and Jo Handelsman
Oxford University Press
304 pages | 2 illustrations | 235x156mm
978-0-19-938377-1 | Hardback | October 2014
When it comes to any current scientific debate, there are more than two sides to every story. Controversies in Science and Technology, Volume 4 analyzes controversial topics in science and technology-infrastructure, ecosystem management, food security, and plastics and health-from multiple points of view. The editors have compiled thought-provoking essays from a variety of experts from academia and beyond, creating a volume that addresses many of the issues surrounding these scientific debates.
Part I of the volume discusses infrastructure, and the real meaning behind the term in today's society. Essays address the central issues that motivate current discussion about infrastructure, including writing on the vulnerability to disasters. Part II, titled "Food Policy," will focus on the challenges of feeding an ever-growing world and the costs of not doing so. Part III features essays on chemicals and environmental health, and works to define "safety" as it relates to today's scientific community. The book's final section examines ecosystem management. In the end, Kleinman, Cloud-Hansen, and Handelsman provide a multifaceted volume that will be appropriate for anyone hoping to understand arguments surrounding several of today's most important scientific controversies
New Book from Kleinman and Moore (eds): Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology and Society (2014)
Updated: September 22 2014
Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology, and Society
Edited by Daniel Lee Kleinman, Kelly Moore
Over the last decade or so, the field of science and technology studies (STS) has become an intellectually dynamic interdisciplinary arena. Concepts, methods, and theoretical perspectives are being drawn both from long-established and relatively young disciplines. From its origins in philosophical and political debates about the creation and use of scientific knowledge, STS has become a wide and deep space for the consideration of the place of science and technology in the world, past and present.
The Routledge Handbook of Science, Technology and Society seeks to capture the dynamism and breadth of the field by presenting work that pushes the reader to think about science and technology and their intersections with social life in new ways. The interdisciplinary contributions by international experts in this handbook are organized around six topic areas:
• consuming technoscience
• science as work
• rules and standards
This volume highlights a range of theoretical and empirical approaches to some of the persistent – and new – questions in the field. It will be useful for students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities, including in science and technology studies, history, geography, critical race studies, sociology, communications, women’s and gender studies, anthropology, and political science.
"This Handbook shows how power relations are both exercised and disguised through apparently neutral expertise or artefacts, as well as how such linkages are disrupted by subaltern groups. The articles offer STS methods for critical analysis to learn from
struggles for social justice and to inform them." - Les Levidow, Editor, Science as Culture
"This timely set of essays results in much more than a summary of a field; it is an incisive and forward-looking collection, offering a substantive journey into new directions in STS scholarship today. The book will be widely read for its diversity of approaches, yet coherence of chapters that together challenge a rethinking of sociotechnical processes as they unfold in major areas of contemporary public debate." - Laura Mamo, Author of Queering Reproduction
Covering the domains of embodiment, consuming technoscience, digitization, environments, science as work, and rules and standards, the Handbook offers a fresh new way of organizing scholarship that investigates the relations between science, technology and society. A valuable addition to the literature, the Handbook highlights cutting edge research areas, paying particular attention to the institutional dimensions of science, cultural contexts and values, and issues of scale. - Kelly Joyce, Drexel University, Director, Center for Science, Technology and Society
New Book from Judy Wajcman: Pressed for Time: The Acceleration of Life in Digital Capitalism
Updated: September 22 2014
Judy Wajcman's latest book, Pressed for Time: The Acceleration of Life in Digital Capitalism, will be published in November 2014 by the University of Chicago Press: http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/P/bo19085612.html
The technologically tethered, iPhone-addicted figure is an image we can easily conjure. Most of us complain that there aren't enough hours in the day and too many emails in our thumb-accessible inboxes. This widespread perception that life is faster than it used to be is now ingrained in our culture, and smartphones and the Internet are continually being blamed. But isn't the sole purpose of the smartphone to give us such quick access to people and information that we'll be free to do other things? Isn't technology supposed to make our lives easier?
New Book: Politics of Invisibility: Public Knowledge about Radiation Health Effects after Chernobyl
Updated: September 12 2014
The Politics of Invisibility: Public Knowledge about Radiation Health Effects after Chernobyl
Olga Kuchinskaya, University of Pittsburgh
Hardcover: 264 pages
Publisher: The MIT Press (July 25, 2014)
Before Fukushima, the most notorious large-scale nuclear accident the world had seen was Chernobyl in 1986. The fallout from Chernobyl covered vast areas in the Northern Hemisphere, especially in Europe. Belarus, at the time a Soviet republic, suffered heavily: nearly a quarter of its territory was covered with long-lasting radionuclides. Yet the damage from the massive fallout was largely imperceptible; contaminated communities looked exactly like noncontaminated ones. It could be known only through constructed representations of it. In The Politics of Invisibility, Olga Kuchinskaya explores how we know what we know about Chernobyl, describing how the consequences of a nuclear accident were made invisible. Her analysis sheds valuable light on how we deal with other modern hazards -- toxins or global warming -- that are largely imperceptible to the human senses.
Kuchinskaya describes the production of invisibility of Chernobyl's consequences in Belarus -- practices that limit public attention to radiation and make its health effects impossible to observe. Just as mitigating radiological contamination requires infrastructural solutions, she argues, the production and propagation of invisibility also involves infrastructural efforts, from redefining the scope and nature of the accident's consequences to reshaping research and protection practices.
Kuchinskaya finds vast fluctuations in recognition, tracing varyingly successful efforts to conceal or reveal Chernobyl's consequences at different levels -- among affected populations, scientists, government, media, and international organizations. The production of invisibility, she argues, is a function of power relations.
The Politics of Invisibility by Olga Kuchinskaya opens up debate about the state of expert knowledge on not only the Chernobyl disaster but also other current and future disasters and makes clear the inseparability of these questions from more general struggles over livelihood. Kuchinskaya gives a nuanced reading of the production of both problematic invisibilities and problematic visibilities in knowledge-making, refusing a romantic assumption that laypeople or activist NGOs will necessarily know better. This is an original and important contribution, and one that deserves a wide audience.
- Michelle Murphy, Professor of History and Women and Gender Studies, University of Toronto
Confronted with the dangers of radiation we have turned a blind eye. But we also know exactly what the consequences in the case of catastrophic nuclear meltdown are, namely that not only the affected populations but also the unborn generations will suffer. Here the politics of manufactured invisibility is put into praxis: by the industries that produce these risks; by the administrative bodies that do not regulate them; by international experts that simply do not look for Chernobyl's health effects beyond strictly limited methodological and conceptual framings. The Politics of Invisibility changes our view on the world at risk we live in.
- Ulrich Beck, University of Munich
Kuchinskaya highlights a vital but neglected issue -- the 'dark side' of world-shaping technoscientific infrastructural orders. This inverse condition silently afflicting all such worldly technoscientific knowledge, namely its unacknowledged ignorance, releases uncontrolled consequences that are taboo to the power that science serves. This is brilliantly illustrated through the continuing debacle, the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster.
- Brian Wynne, Science Studies, Lancaster University
This meticulously researched and sensitively argued book shines a light on the little-known public health crisis Chernobyl created in Belarus and the coping strategies adopted by local citizens, largely abandoned by their government, who had to live in an environment haunted by invisible radioactive contamination. The efforts of local researchers, activists, and health officials to make the extent of the catastrophe visible were overwhelmed by regional politicians, international organizations, and journalists telling a story about the 'radiophobia' of Chernobyl's victims. Drawing adeptly on the science studies literature, Kuchinskaya makes an important and original argument about the effort that is required to make a disaster visible. This book will be of interest to readers in environmental studies, public health, Russian politics, communication studies, and nuclear policy.
- Hugh Gusterson, Professor of Cultural Studies, George Mason University; author of Nuclear Rites and People of the Bomb
National Academy of Engineering: New Report on Climate Change Educational Partnership Workshops
Updated: September 12 2014
The NAE's Center for Engineering, Ethics, and Society (CEES) has just released a new report summarizing three workshops on the interactions of climate change with engineered systems in society and the educational efforts needed to address them. The workshops were the result of a NSF funded Climate Change Educational Partnership focused on defining and characterizing the societal and educational challenges posed by the interactions. The report includes discussion on defining the problems; examining sociotechnical responses; cross cutting issues such as governance, sustainability, justice, trust, and public engagement; informal and formal education efforts, and perspectives from educators, engineering professional societies, business and industry, policy makers, and Native Americans.
Table of Contents:
Introduction and Overview
Interactions: Defining the Problems
Interventions: Examining the Range of Sociotechnical Responses
Formal Education Interventions on Climate Change, Engineered System, and Society
Informal Education on Climate, Engineered Systems, and Society
Perspectives of Engineering Professional Societies, Business and Industry, Local Government, and Native Americans
This publication and the meetings it summarizes are the result of a collaboration between CEES, Arizona State University, the Museum of Science-Boston, the University of Virginia, and the Colorado School of Mines, to develop a Phase I Climate Change Education Partnership (CCEP) funded by the National Science Foundation.1 The partnership aims to catalyze educational efforts that prepare current and future engineers, policymakers, and the public to meet these challenges.
National Academy of Engineering: New Videos on Climate Change and Infrastructure
Updated: September 12 2014
The NAE's Center for Engineering, Ethics, and Society (CEES) has just released two new videos on climate change and infrastructure, based on interviews conducted during the January 28-30, 2013 national meeting on "Climate Change and America's Infrastructure: Engineering, Social, and Policy Challenges." At this conference, leaders in climate adaptation, city management, engineered systems, public engagement, and other key fields gathered to work through the wide-ranging implications of climate change for infrastructure.
The videos highlight participant views regarding the impacts and importance of addressing current and potential climate change and extreme weather events, and the various types of expertise that will be needed to adequately address stresses to engineered systems. Both videos are designed to serve as a starting point for discussion and enable educators and others to inform engineers and the public about the issues the nation faces and what can be done to respond.
These videos and the meeting are the result of a collaboration between CEES, Arizona State University, the Museum of Science-Boston, the University of Virginia, and the Colorado School of Mines, to develop a Phase I Climate Change Education Partnership (CCEP) funded by the National Science Foundation.1 The partnership, created in 2010, focuses thematically on the impacts of climate change for engineered systems. It aims to catalyze educational efforts that prepare current and future engineers, policymakers, and the public to meet these challenges.
London-based Academic Publisher
Updated: September 12 2014
Rowman & Littlefield International a new, independent, London-based academic publisher. We are backed by Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group in the US, although editorially independent and global in our scope and ambitions. We aim to be a pioneering and innovative publisher at the cutting edge of our disciplines (Philosophy, Politics, Economics and Cultural Studies). It is our intention to focus our publishing at research level – monographs, collections, serious supplementaries and some reference – and to identify emerging trends in the most dynamic and forward-looking fields within those disciplines. We are particularly intrigued by the interdisciplinary nature of these fields and the ways in which they relate to the wider Humanities and Social Sciences. You can read more about our plans at our website. The relationship between STS and the Humanities is a particular area of focus for our list and I would be delighted to hear from any 4S members regarding monographs, edited collections or even series ideas in this area. If you have any queries about the RLI programme or would like to discuss a potential book project, please contact me directly at email@example.com.
New Book: Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology and Society in Latin America
Updated: August 28 2014
Edited by Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques, and Christina Holmes
Foreword by Marcos Cueto
MIT Press, 2014, 396 pp.
ISBN: 9780262526203 (paperback)
Also available in hardback and Kindle
Amazon URL: http://www.amazon.com/Beyond-Magic-Science-Technology-Society/dp/0262526204/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1409104674&sr=8-1&keywords=beyond+imported+magic
The essays in this volume study the creation, adaptation, and use of science and technology in Latin America. They challenge the view that scientific ideas and technology travel unchanged from the global North to the global South -- the view of technology as "imported magic." They describe not only alternate pathways for innovation, invention, and discovery but also how ideas and technologies circulate in Latin American contexts and transnationally. The contributors’ explorations of these issues, and their examination of specific Latin American experiences with science and technology, offer a broader, more nuanced understanding of how science, technology, politics, and power interact in the past and present. The essays in this book use methods from history and the social sciences to investigate forms of local creation and use of technologies; the circulation of ideas, people, and artifacts in local and global networks; and hybrid technologies and forms of knowledge production. They address such topics as the work of female forensic geneticists in Colombia; the pioneering Argentinean use of fingerprinting technology in the late nineteenth century; the design, use, and meaning of the XO Laptops created and distributed by the One Laptop per Child Program; and the development of nuclear energy in Argentina, Mexico, and Chile.
Pedro Ignacio Alonso, Morgan G. Ames, Javiera Barandiarán, João Biehl, Anita Say Chan, Amy Cox Hall, Henrique Cukierman, Ana Delgado, Rafael Dias, Adriana Díaz del Castillo H., Mariano Fressoli, Jonathan Hagood, Christina Holmes, Matthieu Hubert, Noela Invernizzi, Michael Lemon, Ivan da Costa Marques, Gisela Mateos, Eden Medina, María Fernanda Olarte Sierra, Hugo Palmarola, Tania Pérez-Bustos, Julia Rodriguez, Israel Rodríguez-Giralt, Edna Suárez Díaz, Hernán Thomas, Manuel Tironi, Dominique Vinck
Table of Contents
1 Introduction: Beyond Imported Magic// Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques, and Christina Holmes
SECTION I: Latin American Perspectives on Science, Technology, and Society
2 Who Invented Brazil? // Henrique Cukierman
3 Innovation and Inclusive Development in the South: A Critical Perspective // Mariano Fressoli, Rafael Dias, and Hernán Thomas
4 Working with Care: Experiences of Invisible Women Scientists Practicing Forensic Genetics in Colombia // Tania Pérez-Bustos, María Fernanda Olarte Sierra, and Adriana Díaz del Castillo H.
5 Ontological Politics and Latin American Local Knowledges // Ivan da Costa Marques
6 Technology in an Expanded Field: A Review of History of Technology Scholarship on Latin America in Select English-Language Journals // Michael Lemon and Eden Medina
SECTION II: Local and Global Networks of Innovation
7 South Atlantic Crossings: Fingerprints, Science, and the State In Turn of the Twentieth Century Argentina // Julia Rodriguez
8 Tropical Assemblage: The Soviet Large Panel in Cuba // Hugo Palmarola and Pedro Alonso
9 Balancing Design: OLPC Engineers and ICT Translations at the Periphery // Anita Chan
10 Translating Magic: The Charisma of OLPC's XO Laptop in Paraguay // Morgan G. Ames
11 Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: How has an Emerging Area on the Scientific Agenda of the Core Countries been Adopted and Transformed in Latin America? // Noela Invernizzi, Matthieu Hubert, and Dominique Vinck
12 Latin America as Laboratory: The Camera and the Yale Peruvian Expeditions // Amy Cox Hall
SECTION III: Science, Technology and Latin American Politics
13 Bottling Atomic Energy: Technology, Politics, and the State in Peronist Argentina // Jonathan Hagood
14 Peaceful Atoms in Mexico // Gisela Mateos and Edna Suárez Díaz
15 Neoliberalism as Political Technology: Expertise, Energy and Democracy in Chile // Manuel Tironi and Javiera Barandiarán
16 Creole Interferences: A Conflict on Biodiversity and Ownership in the South of Brazil // Ana Delgado and Israel Rodriguez-Giralt
17 The Juridical Hospital: Patient-Citizen-Consumers Claiming the Right to Health in Brazilian Courts // João Biehl
At one level the term 'beyond imported magic' situates this collection as a contribution to the critique of the traditional North-South diffusionist stories of science and technology, but at another level the essays take the reader beyond the 'imported magic' of Northern theories of STS. By connecting us with the reflexive and critical voices of Latin American STS scholarship, this book is a great introduction to contemporary modes of rethinking STS from Latin American perspectives."
-David J. Hess, Sociology, Vanderbilt University
This astonishing collection provides for both science and technology studies and postcolonial students and scholars valuable new pathways for thinking and illuminatingly different conceptual approaches. These authors usher in a much-needed expansive era for historians, philosophers, sociologists, political theorists, and ethnographers of science as well as for readers in other fields. I can't wait to teach it.
-Sandra Harding, Distinguished Professor, Departments of Education and Gender Studies, University of California, Los Angeles; Distinguished Affiliate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University; and author of Sciences from Below
In this enchanting book, leading scholars conjure up surprising and gripping new configurations of science and technology in Latin America. These essays reveal brilliantly how local and regional histories haunt so-called global scientific projects. Beyond Imported Magic brings Latin America into contemporary conversations about what makes technoscience appear so worldly and cosmopolitan, even as it is experienced as situated and place-bound in practice. This book will cast a spell on anyone who wants to understand the multiple ways in which we try, and often fail, to be both modern and global.
-Warwick Anderson, University of Sydney, author of The Collectors of Lost Souls
This exciting and thought-provoking volume shows how analyzing Latin America through an STS lens allows us to peer more closely at known histories and uncover new and in some cases existing but understudied connections. Once we divest ourselves of outdated adjectives such as 'peripheral' to explain the role of Latin America in science we invariably begin to see the region as a center with a long history of scientific production and with the many complexities that this entails. By placing Latin America into longer narratives of (redefined or reemphasized) scientific research, the authors crucially demonstrate science as ever-present and not a relatively new, imported phenomena of the nineteenth/twentieth centuries.
-Gabriela Soto Laveaga, author of Jungle Laboratories: Mexican Peasants, National Projects, and the Making of the Pill
New book by Kyonghee Han and Gary Lee Downey: Engineers for Korea
Updated: August 07 2014
Kyonghee Han, Yonsei University
Gary Lee Downey, Virginia Tech
Paperback ISBN: 9781627050760, $40.00
eBook ISBN: 9781627050777
July 2014, 197 pages
“The engineer is bearer of the nation’s industrialization,” says the tower pictured on the front cover. President Park Chung-hee (1917–1979) was seeking to scale up a unified national identity through industrialization, with engineers as iconic leaders. But Park encountered huge obstacles in what he called the “second economy” of mental nationalism. Technical workers had long been subordinate to classically trained scholar officials. Even as the country became an industrial powerhouse, the makers of engineers never found approaches to techno-national formation—engineering education and training—that Koreans would wholly embrace.
This book follows the fraught attempts of engineers to identify with Korea as a whole. It is for engineers, both Korean and non-Korean, who seek to become better critical analysts of their own expertise, identities, and commitments. It is for non-engineers who encounter or are affected by Korean engineers and engineering, and want to understand and engage them. It is for researchers who serve as critical participants in the making of engineers and puzzle over the contents and effects of techno-national formation.
"This book is an in-depth study of and effective introduction to Korean engineering and engineers. It links the historical process of industrialization to the formation of engineers across Korea, differentiated from other countries. Not only engineering educators in Korea, but all other kinds of researchers and engineers who are interested in the Republic of Korea will be fascinated by the priceless information, knowledge, and great insights in this book." – Kim Moon Kyum, Vice-President, Yonsei University; member, National Academy of Engineering in Korea; President-Elect, Korean Society of Civil Engineers
"This is a ground-breaking work that shows how two scholars from different countries can work together to achieve compelling results. The analyses of Korean engineers in the past and present that Han and Downey have woven together into a unique narrative are sure to evoke attention and curiosity, even sympathy, from readers all over the world.” – Lee Euy-soo, President, Korean Society for Engineering Education
“Through this remarkable book you can understand not only Korean engineers but also much about the country that has raised them. Korean politics, economy, and history have all been interconnected in Han and Downey’s account of the development of Korean engineers. – Lee Eun Kyung, Professor, Department of Science Studies, Chonbuk National University; Vice-President, Korean Association of Science and Technology Studies.
Series: Synthesis Lectures on Global Engineering
Series Editor: Gary Downey, Virginia Tech
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Race Decoded wins ASA Cox Book Award
Updated: July 16 2014
Race Decoded: The Genomic Fight for Social Justice (Stanford University Press, 2012) by Catherine Bliss has won the 2014 American Sociological Association Oliver Cromwell Cox Award.
Go to www.sup.org/book.cgi?id=20299 to order your copy of Race Decoded: The Genomic Fight for Social Justice
See its latest review in Science: www.sciencemag.org/content/337/6099.toc
New book from Steve Fuller and Veronika Lipinska: The Proactionary Imperative (Palgrave, 2014)
Updated: July 14 2014
Steve Fuller has just published the third volume of his trilogy on 'Humanity 2.0', which attempts to define humanity in terms that go beyond the biological species, Homo sapiens. The book focuses on the 'proactionary principle' introduced a decade ago as an antidote to the 'precautionary principle'. Whereas precautionaries believe that we are on the brink of environmental catastrophe because we're too willing to take risks, proactionaries believe that humans stand apart from the rest of nature by our capacity for successful risk taking. In terms of current environmental problems, therefore, solutions lie not in turning our backs on our love affair with technology but by intensifying it – through finding new energy sources or even looking at the possibility of inhabiting other worlds. Fuller and his co-author, the lawyer Veronika Lipinska, argue that, politically, both those on the right and the left contribute to different sides of the precautionary-proactionary debate. They contend that this distinction, between caution and action, will come to dominate the political landscape and create new political divisions. Drawing on perspectives from both theology and biology, Fuller and Lipinska endorse the proactionary position, which supports individuals taking risks – for example with new health treatments, as they try to expand their life chances. They accept that such a risk-taking culture may result in set-backs and failures, but argue that this simply requires a new conception of the welfare state. The results may be an incredibly diverse society that will challenge our notions of tolerance, creating a world where 'traditional' humans live side by side with those who have artificial organs or have received substantial genetic modification. Humans have yet to treat all 'normal' members of Homo sapiens with proper respect and dignity and the proactionary principle opens up new challenges to our conceptions of equality. The book ends with a Manifesto that draws together the arguments to present a challenging vision for the future.
Lakatos Award in Philosophy of Science, London School of Economics
Updated: January 11 2013
The Lakatos Award is given annually for an outstanding contribution to the philosophy of science, widely interpreted, in the form of a book published in English during the previous six years. The Award is in memory of Imre Lakatos and has been endowed by the Latsis Foundation. It is administered by the following committee: the Director of the London School of Economics (Chairman), Professor John Worrall (Convenor), and Professors Hans Albert, Nancy Cartwright, Adolf Grünbaum, Philip Kitcher, Alan Musgrave, and Michael Redhead. The Committee makes the Award on the advice of an independent and anonymous panel of selectors. The value of the Award is £10,000.
To take up an Award a successful candidate must visit the LSE and deliver a public lecture (naturally all relevant expenses are covered by the LSE). The Award, which may be shared if there are deemed to be two candidates of equal merit, has so far been won by Bas Van Fraassen and Hartry Field (1986), Michael Friedman and Philip Kitcher (1987), Michael Redhead (1988), John Earman (1989), Elliott Sober (1991), Peter Achinstein and Alexander Rosenberg (1993), Michael Dummett (1994), Lawrence Sklar (1995), Abner Shimony (1996), Jeffrey Bub and Deborah Mayo (1998), Brian Skyrms (1999), Judea Pearl (2001), Penelope Maddy (2002), Patrick Suppes (2003), Kim Sterelny (2004), James Woodward (2005), Harvey Brown and Hasok Chang (2006), Richard Healey (2008), Samir Okasha (2009), Peter Godfrey-Smith (2010), and Wolfgang Spohn (2012). No awards were made in 2007 and 2011.
For details of the nomination process, see http://www2.lse.ac.uk/philosophy/LakatosAward/lakatosawarddetails.aspx
4S Seeks Editors for 4th Handbook of Science and Technology Studies
Updated: November 17 2010
The Society for Social Studies of Science Publications Committee invites proposals for the fourth edition of The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. The Handbook consists of state-of-the-art review articles, along with occasionally more specific articles, that cover the current range of research in science and technology studies. The 3rd edition was published in 2008. At this point we are looking for a team of four editors who will enlist authors to write the full range of articles.
New Program in Science, Technology, and International Development at U of Edinburgh
Updated: January 08 2010
The Science, Technology and Innovation Studies Subject Group at the University of Edinburgh is launching a new postgraduate programme in Science, Technology and International Development from September 2010. The MSc programme (coursework plus dissertation) can be completed full-time over one year or part-time over two or three years. Alternatively a shorter programme (coursework without dissertation) can be followed for a Diploma or Certificate. The MSc Science, Technology and International Development is designed to equip students with an advanced interdisciplinary understanding of the historical, sociological, political and policy aspects of science and technology as they relate to international development. The programme provides a conceptual and policy-oriented approach the relationships between science, technology and international development. The programme prepares students for specialised practical work in international development or further academic study. Further information: see http://www.sps.ed.ac.uk/stid or contact the Programme Director Lawrence Dritsas L.Dritsas@ed.ac.uk. The University of Edinburgh is a charitable body, registered in Scotland, with registration number SC005336.
Arthur L. Norberg Travel Fund
Deadline: January 15 2010
Updated: January 02 2010
The Arthur L. Norberg Travel Fund provides short-term grants-in-aid to help scholars with travel expenses to use archival collections at the Charles Babbage Institute. Each year we plan to award two $750 grants.
Applicants should send a 2-page CV as well as a 500-word project description that describes the overall research project, identifies the importance of specific CBI collections, and discusses the projected outcome (journal article, book chapter, museum exhibit, etc.). Applicants are strongly encouraged to examine the extensive on-line finding guides to CBI’s 200-plus archival collections at www.cbi.umn.edu/collections/archmss.html. Applicants should estimate how many days they plan to use CBI collections during their visit (travel should generally be in the calendar year of the award). To be eligible, scholars will reside outside the Twin Cities metropolitan region.
Notification of awards will be made within four weeks, and travel can commence directly thereafter. Questions pertaining to collection content and access can be directed to R. Arvid Nelsen, CBI Archivist, at email@example.com. Please direct questions about the Arthur Norberg Travel Fund to Jeffrey Yost, CBI Associate Director, firstname.lastname@example.org. For additional information, see www.cbi.umn.edu.
Materials must be submitted by email to email@example.com or postmarked no later than 15 January 2010.
Further Information: http://www.cbi.umn.edu/collections/archmss.html