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1. Engineering Education in action
Organizers: JING JIN WANG
Language: E
The aim of Engineering education is to combine modern technology and changes in the economy, to strengthen basic research and applied research, to emphasize the combination of technology and economy, science and technology to serve the community's goals. The purpose of education policy is to conduct research through interdisciplinary industrial significance, improving technological innovation capability at the University of cultivate more talented engineers to help the industry improve its competitiveness in the international market, is a new combination of technology - education – production, which is a process of interaction between science and social. Engineering, as an “applied” discipline, with close ties to national economic context and industrial workforce needs. Engineering needs to be understood as a much broader human social performance than traditional narratives that focus just on design and technical problem-solving. Engaged scholarship is an intellectual movement sweeping across higher education, not only in the social and behavioral sciences but also in fields of natural science and engineering. The well being of future generations will depend to a large extent on how we educate our future engineers. This attitude of science and engineering education has had profound implications for the transfer of technology to and from other parts of the world, many of which have already been uncovered and others will probably be discerned in the future. The current trend toward globalization calls for new perspectives that can accommodate the broader issues of technology. The direction taken by engineering education will greatly affect the future of the profession. But the base for reform exists in work carried out in various parts of the world. The challenge can be met. What is needed is the will to make the change. It is urgent to opens new ways to resolve contested issues in engineering education.

 

2. Producción de conocimiento y políticas públicas: tensiones y oportunidades de una compleja relación.
Organizers: Barbara Garcia Godoy, Javier Avila
Language: S/P
Un tipo específico de relación social mediada por conocimiento científico es la que involucra y vincula a investigadores con actores del campo de las políticas públicas. Este tipo de relación ha sido problematizado desde diferentes perspectivas analíticas, algunas clásicas en la teoría social y otras más cercanas al campo CTS. El nexo entre quienes producen y utilizan conocimiento es mucho más difuso de lo que se suponía en un principio. El análisis de políticas públicas ha evolucionado desde la concepción de ciencia y política como dos comunidades aisladas hasta cuestionar el rol de los expertos y concebidos como “inextricablemente enredados con el poder de la política”. En este contexto, la idea de uso es hoy analizada a partir de enfoques dinámicos e interactivos desde los cuales cobran protagonismo elementos tales como los contextos de producción y aplicación, los actores y sus expectativas y también las redes de intermediación entre productores y usuarios. Esto ha complejizado significativamente el abordaje de estas relaciones, particularmente en la dimensión de su utilidad, a tal punto que se ha afirmado que el conjunto de teorías existentes no alcanzan a explicarlas y, aún más, los factores contingentes de este tipo de procesos hacen muy difícil la construcción de una teoría global del uso de conocimiento. Por cierto, el reconocimiento de las tensiones existentes en esta trama de relaciones, y las oportunidades que a su vez las mismas suscitan, requieren ser problematizadas. La posibilidad de analizar experiencias diversas -desde la perspectiva de CTS- que permitan caracterizar los entramados, tensiones y posibilidades que ofrecen estas vinculaciones puede permitir sumar densidad al conocimiento de este campo y ofrecer algunas posibles pistas para potenciar sus articulaciones.

 

3. Modes of Social Media and Internet Governance in Developing Economies
Organizers: Colin Agur, Ramesh Subramanian
Language: E
In recent years, governments in developing economies have realized both the popularity and disruptive potential of social media. Our panel will focus on evolving social media policy and the modes by which states and relevant companies (internet service providers, technology enablers, and social media platforms) affect content. This panel will discuss social media and Internet governance in developing economies. We hope to receive submissions that highlight the complex set of interactions that have shaped policy, the ways that macro shifts in culture, politics, economics and institutions have changed the nature and scale of these interactions, and the implications that these interactions have for future policy frameworks. We would like to see a mix of cases in Internet and social media content that, though contemporary, keep in mind historical developments that shaped current and emerging modes of governance. With this panel proposal, we hope to bring together a mix of perspectives and regions of the world and identify similarities and differences the paths taken in the global South. If there is sufficient interest, we could hold multiple panels, each with its own theme.

 

4. Desastres, concimiento cientifico y politicas,
Organizers: Estebanez Maria Elina, Javier Gomez Gonzalez
Language: E/S/P
El análisis social de desastres es una línea de investigación muy consolidada desde distintas perspectivas teóricas y metodológicas. La comunidad de estudios CTS no han sido la excepcion, y en su distintos ámbitos de produccion y dabate ha construido una linea de reflexion sobre las relaciones entre desastres y conocimiento cientifico y tecnologico. Provisoriamente entenderemos por desastre o catástrofe a un suceso de excepcional gravedad y ocurrencia, que impacta negativamente en los seres humanos y el medio ambiente, produciendo muertes, daños materiales, desorganización social y ocasionado por un conjunto de factores de origen natural, humano o una asociación de ambos. En todos los casos es posible identificar los vasos comunicantes entre la ciencia, la tecnología y sus diversas aplicaciones y los riesgos y ocurrencias de desastres. Ya sea como conocimiento disponible en la previsión y asesoramiento, en la atención y mitigación; como factor productor de impactos negativos; como régimen de constitución de vulnerabilidades sociales a los desastres, entre otros. Para este panel invitamos a la comunidad CTS latinoamericana a contribuir al fortalecimiento de una temática emergente en la región, como asi tambien a lxs colegas de otras regiones de mayor trayectoria en la producción académica sobre la misma a intercambiar enoques y resultados de investiagcion con lxs colegas locales Dado que un desastre implica afectación severa de bienes públicos, también solicitamos contribuciones específicas sobre las modalidades de vinculación entre conocimiento científico y políticas públicas frente a situaciones de desastre

 

5. Ciência, Tecnologia e Gênero
Organizers: Margaret Lopes, María Conceiçao da Costa
Language: E/S/P
Este painel tem como objetivo reunir trabalhos que abordem as diferentes intersecções e interações entre os estudos feministas e de gênero e os estudos de Ciência, Tecnologia e Sociedade – CTS. Estes campos de estudos, que se forjaram em paralelo desde os anos de 1970, têm desenvolvido frutíferos trabalhos em sua aproximação, a partir de significativa multicplicidade de abordagens. Passados tantos anos do inicio dessas pesquisas, o painel pretende reunir pessoas trabalhando com o tema e debater o panorama de tais intersecções, encontros e desencontros na América Latina. Alguns dos temas de interesse que se colocam para esse painel são: os estudos históricos sobre a trajetória de mulheres cientistas; as diferentes abordagens sociológicas que se dedicam a analisar indicadores de C&T desde uma perspectiva de gênero ou estudar carreira de mulheres cientistas; estudos sobre epistemologia feminista; pesquisas sobre as construções científicas/tecnológicas de gênero em saúde, medicina e biotecnologia; trabalhos relacionados a educação em C&T em sua interface com as relações de gênero; artigos sobre divulgação científica, mídia, e imagens de gênero em C&T; trabalhos sobre usos/apropriações/construção das TICs e gênero; e artigos sobre recursos naturais, desenvolvimento e saberes populares também relacionados a gênero. Este painel pretende portanto reunir e permitir o intercâmbio entre pesquisadoras, professoras e políticas para debater as relações de gênero na ciência, nas políticas de ciência, tecnologia e desenvolvimento e repensar a própria ciência e tecnologia a partir do feminismo na América Latina.

 

6. Before & After Marx: Theory as Technology?
Organizers: Clapperton Mavhunga, Kerry Chance
Language: E/S/P
This panel will focus on a key moment in the production of knowledge about Latin America, the Middle East, Asia, Africa and the African Diaspora. Namely, an aligning of the stars between the struggles for independence and the spread of the writings of the German philosopher, Karl Marx, as one example of the uses of theory as a technology for ordering knowledge and society in the South. The uptake of Marx by colonized peoples in all four (sub)continents was informed by, and contributed to, the production of new forms of politics, consciousness and identity. Marx, therefore, was not only discourse or a theoretical framework within which knowledge of the South was ordered but pivotally a framing device—a technology—for organizing human and nonhuman resources for anti-colonial struggles. Along with the AK-47, Lenin, and Mao, Marx was a technology of self-determination, political power, and nation building. In this light, this panel will engage three questions, with a focus on connections and comparisons between readers who thought with and undertook political projects of a Marxist nature in the South. Put in another way, we seek to explore the work of thought in a time when the boundaries between epistemology and existence blur into political action definitive of its own era and those beyond. 1. What thinkers were influential in shaping the image of Latin America, Africa and its diaspora, the Middle East, and South and East Asia before and after Marx? What political and epistemological work did they perform for their users? 2. What epistemological-existential conditions in Latin America, Africa and its diaspora, the Middle East, and South and East Asia made Marx (and Marxist thought) so salient and inadequate—or even irrelevant? 3. What epistemological and political trajectories did Marx leave? Are we after Marx or not?

 

7. PROSPECTOS PARA LA INNOVACION COLABORATIVA EN AMERICA LATINA
Organizers: Humberto Merritt
Language: E/S/P
Con el advenimiento de las tecnologías de información y comunicaciones el ritmo de las innovaciones se ha incrementado. Un aspecto crucial en este proceso ha sido el rápido crecimiento de la información generada de fuentes tan distintas como los usuarios, las empresas, el gobierno y las universidades. En este universo creciente de datos la capacidad para mantener tasas competitivas de innovación se ve rebasada, por lo que una posible alternativa a la inundación de los datos es el trabajo colaborativo. Los mecanismos de colaboración que están empezando a aparecer en distintas partes de mundo incluyen la llamada innovación abierta (open innovation), los “wikis,” el fondeo multitudinario (crowd funding) y la colaboración virtual. En el caso de América Latina destaca por su relativa baja tasa de innovaciones a pesar de los persistentes apoyos gubernamentales a la ciencia y la tecnología. En este contexto, el objetivo de esta mesa es discutir y analizar los mecanismos de colaboración que requieren ser implementados por los organismos públicos y privados de América Latina en su búsqueda de espacios de innovación. Asimismo, es fundamental evaluar el tipo de políticas públicas que fomentarán la creación de espacios colaborativos; por lo que las propuestas de discusión que giren en torno a la naturaleza de la colaboración, los mecanismos de arranque y las posibilidades de crecimiento son bienvenidas.

 

8. South-North-South dialogues on Science and Technology
Organizers: Raoni Rajão, Rick Duque
Language: E/S/P
The global South, that is the region outside of Western Europe and North America, has been historically neglected by social scientists studying science and technology (S&T). Since the 1990s however, a growing body of work has critically evaluated the contradictory role of Northern styles of S&T for development, including the cultural assumptions embedded within them and how social theory has expanded to consider the ways that local practices shape knowledge and technologies in these unique settings. The aim of this session is to deepen our knowledge about science and technology in different regional contexts from a multi-disciplinary perspective. In particular, it invites submissions of research carried out in the global South that contribute to the ongoing debate concerning Northern epistemological assumptions, discourses and the impacts of science and technologies. Moreover, this special issue also proposes to offer a space for the discussion and diffusion of theories and questions related to Southern intellectual traditions and the promotion of dialogues not only between North and South but also across Southern contexts.

 

9. Combining scientometrics and indexes with studies on gender in science
Organizers: Anne-Sophie Godfroy, Felizitas Sagebiel
Language: E
The overall aim of this panel is to discuss the inclusion of gender issues in common measurement tools and indexes in order to address the issue of the under representation of women in science and to bridge the gap between different fields: 1- Academic ranking, scientometrics, quantitative research evaluation, scientific performance measurement issues without gender sensitivity. 2- Gender indexes in a social perspective without academic dimension as such; an example is “Social Institutions and Gender Index” (SIGI), . 3- Research on gender in science and academy primarily based on qualitative methodology about gender bias in research careers, mixed with existing quantitative data in the academic sphere, as the She Figures. Examples are the EU funded projects GenderTime, FESTA, INTEGER, GENIS LAB, ACUMEN etc.. Research on gender bias in academic careers would benefit from the results of scientometrics and performance indicators, which allow a better understanding of career dynamics. General indicators would benefit from new dimensions imported from gender studies (methodological and content), as more qualitative and systemic approaches, long-term evaluation, assessment of work conditions, attraction and retention issues, etc.. To fight against gender bias in academic careers, bridging gender and metrics is especially relevant given the increasing influence of performance indicators on research evaluation at all levels, university, departments, institutes and individual researchers. We welcome papers about:- addressing the issue of the under representation of women in science and engineering through the inclusion of gender issues in common measurement tools and indexes;- discussing and testing different gender indicators in science and to confront existing methodologies, conceptual frameworks and data sources behind the indicators. - proposing and testing new gender sensitive performance criteria and indicators for research policy stake-holders, in order to develop non-gender-biased assessment practices.

 

10. Políticas científico-tecnológicas en la agricultura: experiencias, aportes conceptuales y agenda para los estudios sociales de la ciencia y la tecnolo
Organizers: Susana Silvia Brieva
Language: E/S/P
En el marco de los estudios de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad, la mesa propone reunir investigaciones que aborden problemáticas referidas a la producción de objetos técnicos, experiencias e iniciativas de políticas para el desarrollo de la agricultura desde diferentes matrices disciplinarias, enfoques teóricos y metodologías. Los temas relevantes comprenden la presentación, análisis y reflexión crítica de enfoques, metodologías y propuestas para el estudio de procesos científico-técnicos e iniciativas de políticas públicas en la agricultura. Además, se espera contribuir al diálogo transdisciplinario y la consolidación de los estudios de ciencia, tecnología, sociedad e innovación en la agricultura.

 

11. Nuevos temas em antropologia médica: interfaces entre tecnologia, ciencia y medicina
Organizers: Elena Calvo Gonzalez, Alejandra Roca
Language: E/S/P
El estudio de los llamados "avances" de la medicina, basados en novas descubiertas científicas y aplicaciones tecnológicas, contribuyeron a renovar el campo de la antropología médica: el interés por cuestiones relacionadas a la aplicación de tecnologías reproductivas, el impacto de las tecnologías de diagnóstico por imagen, así como la aplicación médica de tests genéticos y sus implicaciones políticas, entre otros fenómenos estudiados, ayudó no solo a renovar los temas tratados dentro de la antropología médica, sino también a establecer nuevos puentes analíticos con otros campos como la antropología de la ciencia o la antropología política. La relación entre políticas científicas de investigación y desarrollo y la comercialización de tecnologías, la articulación entre prácticas médicas y prácticas de la industria farmacéutica, o el acceso diferenciado por parte de diversos grupos a estas nuevas prácticas médicas, así como las estrategias políticas que surgen con esa exclusión, surgen como posibles focos de discusión que articulan el conocimiento antropológico con el de otras áreas, ejemplificando la articulación entre local-global, interno-externo y Norte-Sur y las contribuciones mutuas entre antropología y estudios de ciencia y tecnología. El panel se propone discutir las implicaciones de esas interfaces, tanto teóricas cuanto metodológicas, entre la antropología médica y el campo más amplio de estudios sobre tecnología, ciencia y medicina, apuntando para los posibles desdoblamientos disciplinares e interdisciplinares. Así, el panel busca reunir trabajos que contribuyan a esa reflexión, sea a partir de estudios antropológicos sobre ciencia y tecnología aplicados al campo de la medicina, sobre la relación entre antropología médica y otros campos disciplinares que analizan prácticas médicas y nuevas tecnologías, o con reflexiones teóricas específicas sobre el tema propuesto.

 

12. Psicología y Los Estudios en Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad (CTS)
Organizers: Arthur Arruda Ferreira Leal, Hernan Camillo-Pullido
Language: E/S/P
Nuestro panel abierto posee un objetivo general: considerar algunas practicas psicológicas corrientes (en la clínica y psicología del trabajo) bajo los Estudios en Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad (CTS). Esta área constituida a partir de los años 1970, produce un doble cambio en relación a dos campos tradicionales de análisis del conocimiento científico: la sociología de la ciencia y la epistemología. Distinto de la primera, hay un abordaje más radical del análisis colectivo de las prácticas científicas, sin la restricción a los aspectos institucionales de las ciencias, alcanzando las practicas laboratoriales y conceptuales (programa fuerte). Distinto de la epistemología hay un abordaje simétrico de las actividades científicas con relación a las prácticas pre-científicas, sin suponer cualquier corte o ruptura. Dentro de la variedad de las perspectivas CTS en diálogo con la psicología, nuestros trabajos presentaran una doble dimensión común: teórico-metodológica e histórico-genealógica. Desde una perspectiva teórico-metodológica, nuestro interés se ha centrado en el análisis de la psicología como un conjunto de saberes y prácticas que sólo se torna inteligible teniendo en cuenta su función sociocultural y su génesis histórica, en vez de presuponer que lo psicológico constituye una categoría natural y la psicología es la ciencia que se ocupa de ella. Desde una perspectiva histórico-genealógica, nuestro interés se ha centrado en estudiar dicha génesis histórica de la psicología distanciándonos de las posiciones historiográficas reconstructivas o legitimistas clásicas. El panel pretende constituir un lugar de encuentro para discutir algunas aproximaciones metodológicas e historiográficas procedentes de las mencionadas tradiciones intelectuales. Nuestro objetivo general es estudiar algunas de las prácticas psicológicas de diferentes contextos culturales. A la luz de lo indicado anteriormente, los diversos trabajos de esta mesa no pretenden tanto evaluar la eficacia o veracidad de esas prácticas cuanto su función dentro de una red sociotécnica. No esperamos solamente, por tanto, describir las condiciones históricas en que aparecieron las prácticas psicológicas estudiadas, sino también las de sus transformaciones, difusiones y apropiaciones por parte de clientes, pacientes y, en general, consumidores y ciudadanos. Y estos efectos serán evaluados en términos de los modos de producción de subjetividad generados por las prácticas psicológicas.

 

13. Politics, Publics, Participation and Practices: Governance of Technologies in Global Networks
Organizers: Andreas Kuehn, … and colleagues from the Internet Governance community
Language: E/S/P
This open panel invites scholarly contributions on the governance of technology and global communication networks. Questions of ordering and institutions are at the core of the domain of Internet governance, which deals with the “development and application by governments, the private sector, and civil society, in their respective roles, of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programs that shape the evolution and use of the Internet” (Report of the Working Group on Internet Governance, 2005). Governance of the Internet goes beyond technical standardization, resource allocation, and public policy but includes protocol design, cybersecurity, and civil liberties. Many of those ostensibly technical aspects are highly controversial and politicized, revealing struggles over the global allocation of critical Internet resources or intellectual property rights, for example. Science and technology studies have brought forward a large body of literature of analytical and reflexive thought on technology. The objective of this panel is twofold: First, it seeks contributions that address (but are not limited to) the politics, publics, participation, or practices in Internet governance from a STS perspective. Second, it attempts to expose issues around Internet governance to the STS community. While the Internet as a global communication and data network has widely affected society, its governance has received little scholarly attention in STS. Drawing from established social constructivist accounts on emerging technologies, such as biotechnology for example, STS provides numerous concepts to explore current controversies in Internet governance. It is this panel’s goal to compile some of these concepts and make it accessible to the Internet governance community at large. In keeping with the 2014 conference motto, the panel will bring together Internet governance perspectives from the South and the North by inviting scholars broadly interested in governance issues of technology, infrastructure, and data to present their ongoing or completed work.

 

14. Experimentation in the Social Sciences
Organizers: Margarita Rayzberg, Luciana de Souza Leao
Language: E/S/P
The number and influence of experimental studies in the social sciences has grown rapidly in the past two decades. From the adoption of laboratory experiments in microeconomics to the uptake of field experiments in development economics to the growing acceptance of experimentation in political science, experimental methods are becoming increasingly widespread even in social science disciplines historically reluctant to legitimate them. Although heavily influenced by behavioral psychology, disciplines such as economics and political science are institutionalizing the methods in ways distinct from their origins. Documenting the practice and implications of experimental methods in the social sciences is urgent as their results increasingly factor into policy decisions and reshape human realities in profound ways. The purpose of this panel is to examine experimental methods in the social sciences using and extending science and technology studies (STS) theories and methods. We are particularly interested in (1) the histories of experimentation in the social sciences, including Cold War social science, and its links to more contemporary iterations; (2) the use of experimentation in impact evaluation of social policy interventions, particularly in the global South; (3) moments of borrowing, exchange, or translation between natural/medical sciences and social sciences; and (4) theoretical contributions to assess whether existing STS theories are adequate to describe and analyze experimentation in the social sciences and what new challenges the topic poses for the field. Our goal is to bring together a wide variety of approaches in order to generate a rich discussion around the use of experimental methods in the social sciences. We therefore invite and welcome contribution from all fields, including but not limited to anthropology, sociology, history, STS, and development studies.

 

15. The Embedded Origins of Internet Connectivity in Latin America
Organizers: Federico Novick, Bradley Fidler
Language: E/S/P
This panel will bring together initial research and perspectives on the history of internet connectivity throughout Latin America. Current research on the origins and development of the internet is heavily focused on North American experiences, and less research exists on the spread of the internet throughout the developing world. The spread of internet connectivity was not automatic, and the diffusion of internet technologies and protocols through Latin America was a socially and institutionally embedded process. Our panel will begin to trace the contours of this historical process and its implications for the present day. While the growth of the internet in North America was structured by Defense research and requirements, Latin American internet history was formed without military funding, with stronger influences from academic institutions, NGOs, and the private sector. What is more, internet connectivity was spread in part by cohorts of Latin American graduate students and other intellectuals who traveled to the US, Europe and Canada for study, and returned with knowledge and experience on networked computing. We hope to gain a greater understanding of these processes and also encourage comparative work. Some of our questions include: What were the preconditions and necessities of cooperation involved in establishing these internet links? How did the technical and institutional basis of these connections form? What were the collaborative practices between North and Latin American engineers? Who was represented in the particular configuration of the emergent internet in Latin America, and who was shut out? How did the varying configurations of social and political forces impact the development of the internet in Latin America, and how can this inform our understanding of the development of the internet more generally?

 

16. Knowledge transfer via material objects
Organizers: Ramona A. Braun
Language: E/S/P
KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER VIA MATERIAL OBJECTS The transfer of knowledge and of "savoir faire"/know how, skills, is most prominently known via the transfer of tacit knowledge (Polanyi). More recent studies focus on transnational trajectories of theoretical entities, for example the transfer from the US American context to the Inuit and vice versa. This panel proposes to study the knowledge anchored in material objects - machines, instruments, paper tools and books, clothing, plants and animals, human parts and tissues, laboratory ware, audio/visual media and the like - and the ways in which knowledge goes through and transcends these objects on the way to the new owner. This can happen through skills, but also through trade, markets and money, representation or oral communication. Knowledge transfer is seen here as anchored deeply in material practices and material culture. The aim of this panel is to get away from descriptions of knowledge as a written entity transferred through writing and reading, and as based on theory, as most studies of knowledge transfer still do. This panel encourages contributions with a transnational and global focus. Knowledge transfer through material objects can take place both within one culture or nation AND transnationally. In both cases, transferred knowledge acquires a new configuration in the new context. It can alienate the originating context and the target context. Papers on this panel will concentrate on one material object each. They analyze how knowledge transfer is performed around this object. Contributions with a focus on embodiment and bodily practice are encouraged. If possible, the panel will comprise two sessions of five papers each. My own paper is on the trading of laparoscopic surgical instruments on medical congresses in the 1960s, and the knowledge traded with them.

 

17. A circulação de ideias e a produção do conhecimento entre países: filantropia, convênios e colaboração internacional no desenvolvimento da C&T
Organizers: Cristina Campos
Language: E/S/P
A intenção desta sessão é discutir o papel que a circulação de profissionais e as fundações filantrópicas estrangeiras desempenharam junto à produção da C&T nos países em desenvolvimento. Pesquisas acadêmicas realizadas nas últimas décadas demonstram que nos dois últimos séculos a presença de profissionais e instituições filantrópicas estrangeiras nestes países foi decisiva para a introdução de novos campos de conhecimento, além de ter proporcionado a montagem de uma estrutura institucional de ensino e pesquisa. Assim, espera-se reunir nesta sessão abordagens interdisciplinares que permitam o entendimento do processo de constituição e organização da C&T nestes países.

 

18. Session Title: Embodied Identities Online
Organizers: Melissa Maldonado-Salcedo
Language: E/S/P
On November 19, 2013 the word “selfie” became part of the Oxford Dictionary. It signaled that the virtual world is symbiotically shaping the way we communicate offline. The space between physical and digital is shrinking, and a big part of this convergence is due to the complicated accessibility of computers, smartphones, and social media tools and applications. The Internet has thus become a tool and weapon that easily moves the physical into the digital and back again, in real time and then captures it forever. As a result, it enables everyone to be more creative in the way identities are imagined, performed, and embodied. The panel looks at the relationship between the Internet and embodied identities such as race, sexuality, gender, immigration status, and ability in the context of a post-911 world. The panel will examine the Internet as an embodied space in which identity can be performed, but also circulated, resisted, commodified, transcended, and policed (globally.) Additionally, the panel will interrogate the role of the Internet in reconstructing mindsets, beliefs, and value systems concerning (intersectional) identity politics across the globe. For example, what role does the Internet play in moving identities and ideas about gender and sexuality across borders and how have they been shaped, controlled, and directed towards the lives of individuals and communities in the physical world. Some areas that can be explored through this lens include: Online dating, mail-order brides, and Memes. The panel will generally contribute to the growing interdisciplinary scholarship on the emerging concepts such as digital dualism, identity tourism, virtuality, and artificial intelligence.

 

19. ESTUDOS CTS E EDUCAÇÃO CTS NA AMÉRICA LATINA: ARTICULAÇÕES PERTINENTES
Organizers: Irlan Linsingen, Suzani Cassiani, Diana María Farías Camero
Language: E/S/P
Este Painel propõe discutir questões relacionadas às articulações entre os campos da Educação CTS e dos Estudos CTS e suas implicações sociotécnicas. Pretende reunir pesquisas que se ocupam das articulações da educação científica e tecnológica com a sociologia, filosofia, história e antropologia das ciências e das tecnologias, incluindo o funcionamento da linguagem nesse âmbito. Especificamente, propõe aprofundar aspectos das contribuições que os estudos CTS oferecem à Educação CTS em todos os níveis e modalidades de formação em ciência e tecnologia, bem como outros aspectos silenciados que podem contribuir com os estudos CTS. Objetivos- Mapear os estudos sobre a educação científica e tecnológica que contemplem abordagens articuladas com os Estudos CTS;- Discutir diferentes tendências educacionais relacionadas aos distintos olhares sobre CTS e sobre a educação científica e tecnológica, incluindo questões ambientais e de gênero;- Debater trabalhos de investigação em ensino de ciências e tecnologias com perspectiva CTS nos diversos níveis e modalidades de educação (formal, não formal e informal). Temáticas 1.Perspectiva educacional CTS e Institucionalização do ensino de CTS na América Latina; 2.Questões curriculares sob enfoque CTS e dinâmicas de avaliação regidas por organismos multilaterais; 3.Contribuições da Educação CTS às Tecnologias para Inclusão Social em contextos locais latino-americanos; 4.Contribuições dos Estudos Sociais da Ciência e da Tecnologia à Educação CTS; 5.Divulgação Científica e Apropriação social da ciência e da tecnologia; 6. Políticas públicas e educação CTS; 7.Possibilidades da Teoria crítica da tecnologia para uma educação científico-tecnológica transformadora. Educação CTS crítica; 8.Articulações entre a pedagogia de Paulo Freire e CTS no ensino de Ciências e Tecnologias; 9.Redes sociotécnicas, controvérsias sociocientíficas e sociotécnicas e suas possibilidades temáticas para a formação científica e tecnológica; 10.Temáticas emergentes: democracia e cidadania sociotécnica na formação científica e tecnológica; 11. Linguagem no ensino de Ciências e Tecnologia. Discursos das ciências e das tecnologias na educação.

 

20. The ethnographical approaches and the social studies of science and technology
Organizers: Adriana Stagnaro, Rafael Antunes Almeida
Language: E/S/P
Starting with the assumption that the ethnographical fieldwork was always a source of theoretical renewal, we propose an open panel as a place for analysis and consideration on the exchanges between the ethnographical approaches on science and technology and the social studies of science and technology. These exchanges caught the effort for familiarization of both fields, by the identification of points of agreement and disagreement. The main objective of this panel is to deepen the critical and accurate analysis of the distinct types of exchange between these two domains of knowledge production, aiming to exploit the possibility of the creation of a serious collaborative space, where the researchers can share their interest in the studies of the practices through intersections of science, technology, innovation, politics and the ethics in the contemporary world. Among the areas of intersection, we list the different approaches these distinct fields of knowledge adopt towards topics such as fieldwork, the relationship between science and traditional knowledge, the issue of non-humans and also on the theme of "a object-oriented anthropologies". Other spheres of contact are the relations between the "ontological turn" in social studies of science and technology and the works in anthropology that address the issue of "ontological politics", as well as the pragmatic enactments of notions of agency, materiality, objects and power. We expect that the creation of this context for discussion enlivens and favors a more substantive critical analysis of the shared “conceptual economy”.We call for papers that address the presented theme, unfolding the agreements and disagreements found in the conceptual or methodological dimensions. Los enfoques etnográficos y los estudios sociales de la ciencia y la tecnología. Partiendo de la idea de que la investigación etnográfica siempre ha sido fuente de renovación teórica, proponemos este panel abierto como espacio de análisis y reflexión, de los intercambios entre los enfoques etnográficos de la ciencia y la tecnología y los estudios sociales de la ciencia y la tecnología. Dichos intercambios han capturado el esfuerzo de familiarización del trabajo de unos y otros identificando puntos de convergencia y discordancia. El objetivo central de este panel es profundizar el análisis crítico y detallado de las características que adoptan los distintos tipos de intercambio entre aquellas dos esferas de producción de conocimiento

 

21. Patrones de carreras científicas y tecnológicas y productividad
Organizers: María Guillermina D'Onofrio
Language: E/S/P
Esta sesión busca reunir trabajos de investigación recientes o en curso que permitan caracterizar cuantitativa y/o cualitativamente los actuales patrones de trayectorias científicas y tecnológicas de diferentes poblaciones de investigadores pertenecientes a diferentes países, cohortes de nacimiento, áreas de conocimiento y/o contextos organizacionales de trabajo y discutir las relaciones existentes entre tales patrones y la productividad científica y tecnológica de los investigadores. Dimensiones de análisis como los perfiles de carrera en cada una de las etapas de la trayectoria, las experiencias de formación doctoral y postdoctoral, los perfiles de actividades profesionales desarrolladas, la movilidad y la colaboración en redes de conocimiento, los perfiles de producción científica y tecnológica, los criterios para la selección de los temas y problemas de investigación, y las motivaciones para el desarrollo de la profesión científica y tecnológica, son algunas de las cuestiones de especial interés.

 

22. (Removed)

 

23. Estudios de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad sobre las Ingenierías
Organizers: Oscar Vallejos, Gloria Baigorrotegui Baigorrotegui (USC), Marha Palacios (ITM), Gabriel Matharan (UADER), Sara Lugo
Language: E/S/P
Las ingenierías se están transformado en un tema de interés creciente para los Estudios de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad. Este interés de indagación se debe a que las actividades y los productos desplegados en y por las mismas ofrecen una vía de comprensión de los procesos de producción, gestión y servicios en nuestras sociedades Latinoamericanas, en el contexto de países en desarrollo, desde el Sur y en vínculos particulares con las del Norte. El estado de avance en los estudios sobre las ingenierías permite el armado de un panel abierto en el que se recibirán trabajos que aborden algunas de las cinco dimensiones de análisis: i) los modelos conceptuales y los conocimientos interactivos e interdisciplinares que se están construyendo y movilizando para su estudio; ii) las dimensiones de estudio ya consolidadas como por ejemplo, las cuestiones referidas al diseño o a los artefactos ingenieriles, la adaptación y gestión en los marcos de la innovación; iii) las modalidades sociales, históricas y culturales en las que se despliegan las ingenierías; iv) las reivincaciones políticas: trabajo, género y medioambiente, etc. v) la formación/educación en ingeniería en su vínculo con la ciudadanía, la ética y la deliberación.

 

24. Transmissions, Entanglements and Mess: the possibilities and pitfalls of new forms of description
Organizers: Kat Jungnickel, Amanda Windle, Bonnie Mac
Language: E
The popularity of digital technologies has transformed not only the subject matter for many researchers but greatly expanded the possibilities of making, curating and circulating findings to new audiences. Yet debate and discussion about the tactics and techniques of translation has lagged behind their widespread use (Back 2012; Lury and Wakeford 2013; Orton-Johnson and Prior 2013). Despite pressure to open up access to data, innovative findings are predominantly transformed back into conventional presentational formats, with less attention focused on the possibilities of other forms of knowledge translation. Traditional social science has been accused of tidying up the ‘mess’ left behind by the complexity of the world as it is formed into, for example, sociological categories, analyses and theoretical frameworks (Law 2004; Hine 2007). We might think that for knowledge to be transmitted to those outside our discipline, it is essential that complexity is reduced because we associate this with a clear and direct message. We tend to keep mess for the presentation of process. We are interested in how keeping IN the complexity in multiple and overlapping forms can be a productive way of representing research findings. This panel explores alternative modes of knowledge transmission; how we make, share and exchange knowledge with others. We will debate how new forms of description (performance, film, installation, digital and material objects etc) might reconfigure our own understandings, reorient research dialogues with different disciplines and broaden exposure to new audiences, inside and outside traditional research settings. Mistakes and unexpected results will also be discussed, as will the challenges of the peer review process for unusual forms of knowledge exchange.

 

25. Políticas Públicas de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación en el marco de los estudios sociales de ciencia y tecnología
Organizers: Mónica Salazar Acosta, Mariana Versino
Language: E/S/P
A inicios del siglo XXI las políticas de ciencia, tecnología e innovación se han desarrollado intensamente desplegando un conjunto de instrumentos y destinando una cantidad de recursos que las sitúan con un espacio hasta el momento nunca alcanzado dentro del conjunto de las políticas públicas. A pesar del crecimiento del número de programas e instrumentos actualmente vigentes, los análisis existentes sobre las mismas muchas veces se reducen a las evaluaciones realizadas por los organismos internacionales de financiamiento. De esta manera, la necesidad de contar con evidencia para la formulación de las políticas se ha vuelto un imperativo para los gobiernos. Sin embargo, los mecanismos para la transferencia o el uso de los resultados de investigación en política son todavía muy incipientes (ver informes del proyecto “Transferencia de los resultados de investigación académica a la práctica de la política de ciencia, tecnología e innovación” estudios de caso realizados en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México y Uruguay). Históricamente se ha considerado como una debilidad de los estudios sociales de ciencia y tecnología su incapacidad para generar líneas de acción de políticas sectoriales de nivel "meso" o "macro", dada la naturaleza inherentemente "micro" de su abordaje. En este sentido, el interés de este espacio es el de aproximar los análisis basados en diferentes estudios de caso al campo del diseño, la gestión y planificación de las políticas públicas en CTI. El objetivo principal del panel es establecer un espacio de discusión entre investigadores del área de estudios sociales de la CyT y aquellos orientados a los temas de las políticas de CTI, con miras a establecer puentes y mecanismos de comunicación e intercambio de conocimientos. En particular, se promoverá la presentación de casos de programas, instituciones, redes o alianzas que han promovido el intercambio entre estas comunidades de expertos.

 

26. Fermentation / Fermentación
Organizers: Deborah Heath, Heather Paxson
Language: E/S/P
Fermentation, which Pasteur referred to as “respiration without air,” has been used throughout the world for centuries to preserve and transform fruits, grains, milk, vegetables, and meat, adding material and symbolic value in the process. The science of fermentation, called zymology, only emerged in the 19th century, as the work of Pasteur and others revealed the micro-organismal worlds of yeast, bacteria and enzymes, and identified them as agents in the transformation of sugars into acids, gases, or alcohol. Latour (1993) describes how Pasteur’s 1857 essay makes the case that transforms yeast, the Cinderella of the prevailing chemical paradigm, into the heroine of a new microbiological narrative for which Pasteur is the Prince Charming. Yeast, along with bacteria and enzymes, continues to have a starring role in the science of contemporary food and beverage production, whether as heroine in need of saving and preserving, or in the guise of wicked spoiler. Thus, the drama continues to play out, its conclusion never foregone. This panel invites diverse, wide-ranging examination of the techne (art/craft) and technoscience of fermentation, and of the populational “microbiopolitics” and multispecies “micro-anatomopolitics” that link microorganisms with and through human and other bodies, and wider ecologies and polities. We invite contributions on debates over “native” vs. industrial yeasts and bacteria in wine, beer, cheese, soy-sauce and other fermented food products; claims about the health-promoting attributes of cultured foods; discussion of the role of fermentation as an actor in the microbiome; national and regional traditions of fermentation; studies of the biomechanics or catalytic effects of particular fermentation vessels (amphorae and concrete eggs, or the shape or type of wood used in wine casks); temporalities in the long-term nurturing and sustaining of particular fermentation cultures; and other scientific and lay engagements with fermentation and its agents.

 

27. Energy innovation and civil society action between encouragement and resistance
Organizers: Michael Ornetzeder, Gloria Baigorrotegui,and Graham Lucas
Language: E/S/P
Achieving greenhouse gas reduction targets of more than 80 per cent as demanded by the IPCC belong to the great challenges our northern and southern societies are facing today. It is broadly agreed that the way energy is perceived, produced and consumed had to undergo a radical change in the coming years. Low carbon energy systems and more justice energy configurations will involve a large share of renewable sources, high efficient and appropriate solutions, new infrastructure systems as well as and changed institutional settings and user practices. Civil society intervention will play a crucial role in energy innovation, whether it is supportive or challenging. In this session we will explore the various roles civil society actors play in energy innovation; as consumer associations, local activists, citizens' initiatives, grassroots movements or even as start-up entrepreneurs. We will scrutinise local and institutional contexts that foster protest or enable constructive engagement and explore the various interactions between civil society organisations and other important players, like scientific experts, technology developers, incumbent energy companies, suppliers of infrastructure, regulators, or policy makers. Research may focus on asymmetric power relations, problems of extension, inclusion and exclusion, expert and civic epistemologies, legitimation problems as well as on options for mediation and intermediation in on-going developments. We welcome empirical studies, theoretical contributions and conceptual papers. Besides a fruitful scientific discussion the session aims at policy relevant conclusions on how to constructively deal with the various forms of civil society engagement in energy innovation within development frames.

 

28. NONOPARTICULAS AND MACRO POLICY: REFLECTIONS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AMERICAS
Organizers: PAULO ROBERTO MARTINS
Language: E/S/P
Countries of the Americas has become the nanotecnololgias as priority in scientific and technological development. Public resources are placed to foster the development of these technologies . The appropriation of these public resources have been directed to producing new knowledge directed the production of new products and processes and very little public resources are devoted to the production of knowledge about the impacts of this tenologia on society and the environment in which they are used . Another feature of this model is the lack of social control over the priorities for research to be conducted , which are defined between academia / scientists , governments and entrepreneurs . There is no government action aimed at public engagement in nanotechnology as a way to make this participatory and democratic model that the society already is good to put the necessary resources to produce nanotechnology knowledge , should be good also to participate in the decision making process of what kind of knowledge in nanotechnology should be produced . This panel aims to discuss the various relationships between the nanoparticles and macro-policies that have given this model of development of nanotechnologies in the Americas

 

29. Quantifying Affect and Emotion, Past and Present
Organizers: Luke Stark
Language: E
In an age of “Big Data,” the enumeration of feelings has become big business. Increasingly sophisticated facial recognition algorithms, techniques of textual sentiment analysis, and sensors able to monitor gait and body language have all made emotion increasingly legible as digital code and algorithmic input. Yet the entanglement of feelings with enumeration is not new - the tracking and quantification of emotion has been a feature of techno-scientific discourse since the early 19th century. Affect and emotion have long been subject to what historian of medicine Otniel Dror terms "discoursing in numbers": the translation and integration of feeling into the realms of the calculable and predictable. This open panel aims to bring together scholars working on the history of techniques and technologies for enumerating affect and emotion with those exploring contemporary digital modes of emotional tracking and quantification. The panel welcomes papers from a wide range of disciplines, particularly work that combines historical and contemporary sites of analysis. Possible panel themes and topics include, but are not limited to:-How have feelings been variously quantified, categorized, classified and integrated into numerical discourses throughout history? -How are contemporary practices of emotional quantification and tracking descended from or in contrast to historical examples of these types of techniques? -How have the particularities of changing scientific practice shaped technical and popular understandings of feeling, both historically and in the present? -In what ways are existing regimes of scientific knowledge about emotion being revised in view of new techno-scientific developments, and how are these epistemic shifts changing the definition of emotion itself?-How are quotidian practices of daily self-tracking and the idea of the "quantified self" shaping contemporary views of affect and emotion?

 

30. STS watching at Digital Humanities
Organizers: Dominique Vinck, Jamile Borges, Mylène Tanferri
Language: E/S/P
How could we track and take account of the new uses of technological tools in the humanities? How could we trace the circulation and interactions of ideas, tools and objects in this “newly” created area called Digital Humanities? How do these uses rearrange orders, places and competences of individuals and their knowledge – and of the objects they work with - and how these changes are approached by the humanities actors? How do these questions contribute to create new communities of interest and practices, and which type of collaboration do they involve? What differences could the use of these tools make as intellectual tools, by asking new questions and offering new answers? As technological tools appear for the treatment and dissemination of humanities objects, we could study theses changes, taking close observation of the way they are created, shared and configured could bring new perspectives about the way humanities are done. Instrumentality in this sense is newly thought by digital humanists. These discursive changes about the use of machines and/or practical activities in the making of knowledge could be seen as potential rhetoric schemes involved into changing the way humanities’ knowledge are produced. It could be of interest to work on the apparition of this area in South America, and his development within specific and local agendas, needs and resources – or not. Digital Humanities also possibly reconfigure the interaction between academic and non-academic knowledge as they open questions about who shapes the digital cultural objects, have access and permission to define and describe it (Christen 2011; Aitken 2010), and this with possible correspondences with other fields already studied (Edwards et al. 2011). In this sense, we could track the appropriation of digital tools and resources by individuals and collectives in the way they create, develop and preserve cultural artifacts.

 

31. Políticas para a conservação e gestão dos recursos hídricos.
Organizers: Larissa Trindade, Luis Fernando Scheibe
Language: S/P
O presente painel pretende discutir as políticas públicas voltadas para a gestão e conservação e gestão dos recursos hídricos. Atualmente, no cenário global, predominam as pesquisas que discutem as políticas públicas de recursos hídricos, de forma global, no âmbito das nações, sem detalhar aspectos locais ou característicos da gestão e participação em áreas específicas, como nas bacias hidrográficas. Assim, as políticas públicas ainda se mostram insatisfatórias, por vezes ineficazes, necessitando de investimentos, especialmente no resgate da participação dos diferentes atores sociais na gestão dos recursos hídricos e urgente retomada da educação ambiental. Ressalta-se, ainda, que em se tratando de políticas públicas de recursos hídricos no Brasil, a própria legislação (Lei 9.433/97) prevê em seu capítulo I (artigo primeiro), que a descentralização é um dos fundamentos da gestão de recursos hídricos, enfatizando a importância do poder público, usuários e comunidade, como gestores ambientais, corresponsáveis na administração do uso do solo e dos ecossistemas como um todo. Desta forma, pode-se dizer que a Política Nacional de Recursos Hídricos - PNRH estimula a interdisciplinaridade e a transdisciplinaridade, bem como fomenta a participação social na gestão dos recursos naturais, especialmente os hídricos. Desta forma, o objetivo do painel é o de apontar as políticas públicas que já estão implantadas e são eficientes para a conservação dos recursos hídricos, e também propor políticas públicas que possam ser aplicadas localmente com base em preceitos globais no âmbito dos países em desenvolvimento, seja no âmbito das pequenas comunidades ou no contexto de toda a nação.

 

32. Os desafios para a filosofia no século XXI
Organizers: Maurício Bozatski, Evandro Bilibio
Language: E/S/P
O pensar filosófico sempre foi influenciado por questões políticas e sociais ao longo de toda história de seu desenvolvimento. Questões como dominação territorial já eram responsáveis por mudar o foco da pesquisa filosófica na antiguidade. As escolas helênicas como o Estoicismo e o Epicurismo já podem ser consideradas reações às mudanças políticas ocorridas no mundo grego. A filosofia do século XX, por sua vez, é fortemente influenciada pela revolução industrial e o modo como a organização social foi adaptada a este novo modelo de produção. O esvaziamento do campo e a consequente produção agrícola em forma de latifúndio; a concentração e correlação do poder econômico e político nas mãos dos detentores dos meios de produção; a interdependência dos consumidores e trabalhadores às mercadorias e decisões tomadas pelas empresas moldaram, em certo sentido, uma filosofia pessimista e distópica em relação aos avanços da ciência e da tecnologia. Em certos casos, acreditava-se numa colonização do mundo da vida por parte da técnica. Contudo, a nova revolução tecnológica pautada na nanotecnologia; biotecnologia; ICTs e tecnologias de imagem mudam novamente esta organização social e política. Pois, se por uma lado, as empresas de telefonia, por exemplo, possuem interesse em ter um número cada vez maior de usuários – o que é facilitado por se tratar de uma tecnologia wireless, por outro, acaba por conectar cidadãos de todo o planeta numa espécie de consciência global, capaz de denunciar globalmente problemas locais, aspecto que pode gerar uma consciência e, posteriormente, justiça global, que resultam inclusive em melhorarias na própria relação entre consumidores e empresas de telefonia. Se há perigo num único país ser detentor de todos os dados da Internet, há também a possibilidade de um único indivíduo denunciar abusos como espionagem ou uso indevido de informações. Assim, qual é o papel da filosofia neste novo cenário?

 

33. Cross-border collaboration in science, innovation and governance in emergent technologies
Organizers: Léa Velho, Brian Wynne, Phil MacNaghten, Raquel Velho
Language: E/S/P
Borders are rarely tangible – in cases such as geography and disciplines and cultures, the demarcation between one area and the next is subjective and constructed by those within the border as well as those outside of them. This panel proposes to address these blurred frontiers–between countries, cultures, disciplines, types of expertise–and wishes to hear from researchers of Norths and Souths, sciences, humanities, philosophies, about their experiences with multi- or interdisciplinarity, cross-culture collaboration and any other collaborative endeavour (including between researchers and users). In this context, we would like to hear about situations in which these cross-border collaborations have resulted in a deeper and richer understanding of phenomena, or even in the conception of new definitions, theoretical concepts, social impact and innovation. One key domain in which these general processes are playing out lies in issues involving the innovation and governance of emergent technologies, including their social and environmental appraisal, and their use of institutionalized but limited and repeatedly criticised methods such as scientific risk assessment. Latin America, site of the 4S 2014 in Buenos Aires, has been a key arena within which these questions have been manifest in the field of agriculture and environment, amid competing visions of agricultural knowledge, science and innovation. This resonates with global debates about sustainable food access and security, or food sovereignty, and what modes of production should be developed as responses to this global challenge. In this session we will invite authors who will illuminate the general issues of the opening paragraph using cases salient to the issues of the second, and preferentially, cases based in Latin American settings. The aim will be to encourage collaborative development of new conceptual approaches to societal-governance appraisals of innovation, especially agricultural, food systems or networks innovation, with Latin American cases.

 

34. Cultura de innovación y experiencias de formación
Organizers: Jordy Micheli
Language: E/S/P
La “cultura la innovación” es un término ampliamente utilizado en la enumeración de estrategias de competitividad nacionales y subnacionales, sin embargo, poco se dice más allá, especialmente en cuanto cómo formar profesionistas que estén dotados de tal cultura. La propuesta que se propone para discusión en esta mesa es acerca de cuáles son las experiencias educativas, al nivel universitario y/o de capacitación, que se orientan hacia la formación de una cultura de innovación en las personas, y por ende en sus organizaciones o formas de trabajo. Preguntas subyacentes son, entre otras: ¿puede enseñarse “innovación” como proceso de conocimientos multidisciplinarios y actitudes?, ¿cuáles son las modalidades de tal enseñanza?, ¿ qué significado tiene esta enseñanza en un contexto de desempleo?,¿la innovación social puede nutrirse de tal enseñanza?, ¿debe ligarse esta enseñanza a la tendencia a “formar” emprendedores?.

 

35. Technologies of the home and domestic work in Latin America
Organizers: Inés Pérez, Marinês Ribeiro Dos Santos
Language: E/S/P
The introduction of new devices, fuels and technologies to the home, as well as the transformations in the design of domestic space that characterize modern ways of living, changed domestic work in different ways. Beyond its controversial influence in reducing time spent in housework, the incorporation of new technologies to the home implied new uses of domestic space, marked by the accentuation of gender inequalities. It also implied increasing inequalities between women from different social classes. However, home mechanization acquired different features in different contexts. While widely studied in Europe and North America, domestic work and home mechanization have received little attention in the Latin American academy. Existing studies have shown a strong correlation with the changes observed in other regions, but also, and centrally, have highlighted the peculiarities that these changes acquired in Latin America. How were these technologies modified in order to meet the expectations of the different Latin American national markets? How were they presented for Latin American consumers? What differences can be traced in the local uses and appropriations of household appliances? In this context, regional inequalities regarding the material conditions in which domestic work was done are weaved with a strong cultural diversity. This panel aims to discuss different Latin American experiences of the home mechanization. Both case studies and theoretical reflections are welcome.

 

36. O ENFOQUE CTS NO ENSINO DE CIÊNCIAS E TECNOLOGIA
Organizers: Josilda dos Santos Nascimento Mesquita, Vera Maria de Lima Silva
Language: S/P
O movimento da concepção entre “ciência, tecnologia e sociedade” (CTS) tem concentrado suas reflexões em práticas científicas e inovações tecnológicas com o intuito de levantar questões e analisar a construção do conhecimento através dos processos de produção, circulação e difusão de novas ideias e saberes em diversos âmbitos da sociedade. A estreita relação com os setores educacionais é essencial e considerando que a escola é constituída por um espaço constante de troca de saberes e construção de conhecimentos, por isso, elencar o enfoque CTS tem sido cada vez mais necessário no campo educacional. Ao propor que se aguce o olhar para ensino de Ciências e Tecnologia, pensamos que é preciso mencionar a relevância deste trabalho em todo o percurso da educação formal desde a Educação Infantil até o Ensino Superior, para que sejam consideradas as diferentes maneiras e possibilidades de experimentação, observação e reflexão sobre as explicações e justificativas dos diferentes olhares sobre o mundo são trazidas à tona neste processo. E, portanto, a proposta deste painel é oferecer por meio de discussão, socialização e troca de experiências uma reflexão sobre o enfoque CTS voltado ao campo da educação no processo ensino e aprendizagem e ao campo da pesquisa por meio de reflexões acadêmicas sobre Ciência e Tecnologia desde a Educação Infantil até o Ensino Superior. Acreditamos que levantar argumentos que evoquem a abordagem CTS é um grande passo para a construção de uma educação com vistas ao século XXI, mostrando cada vez mais que o avanço tecnológico não pode estar desfocado das questões educacionais.

 

37. Postcolonial Studies of Science and Technology —advancing theoretical approaches, methods, and empirical research
Organizers: Michael Mascarenhas, Wenda Bauchspies and Veronica Brodén Gyberg
Language: E
As the field of STS is moving beyond its traditional boundaries, scholars are working with theories, geographies and case studies that are integrating postcolonial perspectives into STS. Some scholars are using postcolonial theory and insight to explicitly explain the transactions, translations, and transformations of science and technology as they travel over the uneven terrain that colonialism has left behind. While others find themselves challenging this approach because of limitations of Western epistemologies to recognize their own location in the postcolonial condition. Thus, they argue for a politics and epistemology of location, position, and situation, where partiality and feminist standpoints, and not universality, is the pre-condition for knowledge making. This panel solicits abstracts that are contributing to this dialogue about postcolonial science studies in STS. We welcome submissions that are approaching postcolonial STS studies in creative, conceptually evocative, and empirical grounded ways. We are particularly interested in papers that advance, empirically and theoretically, our understanding of the specificity of technoscientific networks and assemblages, the universalizing tendencies of globalizing logics, the transnational processes of knowledge production, and the reconfiguration of inequity and justice through a post-colonial science studies perspective.

 

38. Materializing, Practicing and Contesting Environmental Data
Organizers: Jennifer Gabrys, Helen Pritchard, Nick Shapiro
Language: E/S/P
From governmental monitoring stations to NGO-led citizen science projects to portable consumer and DIY devices, the materials and practices of environmental data collection are proliferating. These developments fuel and are fueled by the promissory rhetoric of a democratization of scientific knowledge, widened participation in environmental matters, and more protective policy and exacting enforcement of regulations. In this open panel, we seek to interrogate the interstitial spaces between the claims, practices, devices and agents of environmental monitoring. The panel will track and unpack the multiply constituted practices of environmental data, from the materiality of monitoring devices to the social and political practices they enable or foreclose, to the environmental politics that they would newly constitute or mobilize. The practices of environmental data traverse many key STS topics, and we hope to leverage perspectives from but not limited to: computational studies, DIY technologies and communities, the (expanded) material cultures of scientific instruments, environmental engagement and environmental politics. We ask, how do sensors, analytical software, and digital infrastructure inform and transform environmental data and data practices? What logics motivate data deployment, validation and calibration techniques? How are environmental data taken up, put into motion or contested by researchers, industry, and citizens? What political effect and affect do environmental data have, and what biopolitical relations and ways of life do environmental data solidify or unsettle? In exploring these questions this panel seeks to bring the diverse concerns of STS into a concerted discussion about the materiality, liveliness, politics and practices of environmental data.

 

39. Engaging society in Research and Innovation
Organizers: Lars Klüver, Consortium of Engage2020
Language: E
A current trend in addressing societal challenges in research and innovation is the engagement of a broad range of societal actors. A comprehensive understanding of societal challenges as well as the striving for socially robust and sustainable problem solving and innovation paths is dependent on the specific knowledge, the values and the interests of all involved societal actors (researchers, innovators, citizens and different public interest groups and individuals). This has led to experiments with a large number of participatory formats of evaluating and contributing to science and technology development and giving advice for decision making on the corporate as well as on the public level. This open panel will discuss and exchange knowledge on how to move towards stronger and more widespread and established engagement of civil society in all R&I related activities, at any scale and at any geographical reach. How to make engagement in STI be present in all situations where STI is on the agenda – from making research policies, to finding topics for research programs, to making research relevant for society, to contributing to research and with data, and to technology discourse and implementation. What is the current praxis, what are the future perspectives of policies, methods, tools and instruments supporting societal engagement, and how can existing instruments and tools be refined?

 

40. Teaching STS Around the World
Organizers: Kristina Marcellus
Language: E
Social studies of science and technology are firmly rooted in the culture(s) in which they are developed and conducted. Cross-cultural applications of this work thus require some understanding of those culture(s) as well as adaptation to local contexts. The challenges associated with this are compounded where the application of STS work is for instructional purposes. In light of these challenges, this panel begins with the question ‘How is STS taught around the world?’ and seeks to understand - in practical and theoretical terms - the challenges of teaching social studies of science and technology globally, especially outside of the industrialized world. Papers addressing innovative instructional techniques, ways of incorporating local knowledge and practices, and challenges related to discussing ideas and texts outside of their original language and context are welcome, as are papers addressing related topics (political constraints on teaching STS, teaching STS to non-social science majors, etc.). The goal of this open panel is to facilitate cross-cultural and global dialogue related to teaching and training the next generation of STS scholars and practitioners. [note from panel proposer: if translation can be arranged, papers in all three languages are welcome]

 

41. STS to and from psychology
Organizers: Ezequiel Benito, Michael Gorman
Language: E/S/P
This panel addresses psychology relevance to STS in two essential ways: as a case study for the STS community and as a branch of the science and technology studies themselves. The former -psychology as a subject matter- examines the discipline from the STS perspective and can be labeled “social studies of psychological science”. It reviews social aspects of scientific knowledge of psychology: negotiation, construction and controversies, bibliometric and scientometric, social responsibility, collaboration networks, center-periphery tension, science policy, psychology and public policy, among many other issues and topics commonly thematized by STS scholars. This can be a very rich area of exploration since psychology is a practice, a research field and it’s situated between social and natural sciences rationale. This section of the panel will be co-organized by the Association for the Advancement of Psychological Science, the Latin American Network for Public Psychology, and the Argentinian Association for Behavioral Sciences. The latter -psychology as a subfield of STS- involves applying methods and theory from psychology to the analysis of scientific thought and behavior and it’s formally called “psychology of science and technology”. This is a specialty area in psychology that approaches science defined as the thought and behavior of professional scientists and technologists and also, more broadly defined, as the thought and behavior of anyone engaged in theory construction, learning scientific or mathematical concepts, model building, hypothesis testing, scientific reasoning, problem finding or solving, or creating or working on technology. The methods of psychology that are applied to the study of scientific thought and behavior range from psychohistorical, psychobiographical, observational, descriptive, correlational, and experimental techniques. This STS subfield is proposed to offer an analytical framework as sociology, philosophy or anthropology do. This section of the panel will be co-organized by the International Society for the Psychology of Science and Technology. Participants of this panel are called to highlight psychology contribution to STS and to foster interdisciplinary international research networks.

 

42. Technology, equity and public policy
Organizers: María Belén Albornoz, Dominique Vinck Javier Jiménez
Language: E/S/P
In modern terms, the relation between nature and society has been translated during the XX century through the relation between technology and society as differentiated and autonomous categories. The division of the technological and the social has built an artifactual version of technology, leaving the political qualities of technology out of the realm of the studies of power. The idea of neutral science has permeated the idea of neutral technology. The role played by experts in positioning the authority of scientific knowledge in decision-making processes in public policy on technological change, in many cases confirms this division among the techno-scientific and the political. The sociotechnical research seeks to overcome this division and poses an analytical framework, while its articulation to decision makers come as theme for review. This panel aims to build a dialogue around the socio-technical research and its linkage to public policy, with emphasis on the processes of integration of research groups in policy-making on technology transfer and ICT implementation with different stakeholders (community leaders, academia, business, among others). We are particularly interested in papers presenting case studies on design, management and impact of technology; analysis of scientific authority and the definition of public policy problems; and innovation and social networks.

 

43. Pensando as imbricações entre as Ciências e as Leis na coprodução de fatos
Organizers: Daniele Santos, Eduardo Nazareth Paiva, Adriana Stagnaro
Language: E/S/P
Queremos pensar as imbricações entre as Ciências e as Leis na coprodução de fatos, explorando caminhos abertos nos Estudos CTS que sugerem que não só os cientistas coproduzem fatos (“de direito”), mas também os juristas coproduzem fatos (“de ciência”). É comum, nos tribunais e órgãos legislativos, que sejam realizadas perícias ou audiências públicas, nas quais cientistas (“experts”)as áreas mais diversas são chamados para se pronunciar. Esses encontros entre cientistas e juristas podem mostrar as presunções de ambos os experts e o tratamento que elas recebem nas resoluções das controvérsias jurídicas. A importância desse tema parte da ideia de que, muitas vezes, os tribunais são instituições sociais que dão forte voz e significado às questões entre as comunidades e suas criações tecnológicas. Na contemporaneidade, as leis, nesse movimento, não só interpretam os impactos sociais da tecnociência, mas também intervém nas configurações dos ambientes nos quais essas tecnociências adquirem significados, utilidades e forças. Esse painel aberto parte da ideia de que, em alguns casos, os processos judiciais podem ser tratados como instrumentos que adentram as cenas da construção dos fatos tecnocientíficos e passam a fazer parte dela, intervindo nas opções e decisões que configuram os fatos científicos em suas eventuais estabilizações (provisionais). Assim, além de transportarem informações, os processos judiciais, como instrumentos, transportam e traduzem questões de fato entre os domínios das Ciências e das leis, modificando-as. Nosso tema passa pela forma como os magistrados, as partes processuais e os experts vão se encontrar e coproduzirem as ciências e as Leis.

 

44. What is innovation for social inclusion? Grassroots innovation, public policies and the politics of knowledge
Organizers: Hernán Thomas, Adrian Smith, Mariano Fressoli, and Elisa Arond
Language: E/S/P
There is growing interest amongst researchers, civil society actors, and policy-makers internationally in the topic of innovation and social inclusion. Moreover, this interest exists in both the global north and global south: along with growing interest from international institutions like OECD, IDRC, WB and CEPAL, national institutions in Latin America and other parts of the world are already developing programs and projects on science, technology and inclusive innovation. However, as an emergent idea, innovation for social inclusion draws on a diversity of definitions and approaches that while enriching and heterogeneous can also overlap and contradict one another. The development of innovation for social inclusion shows a complex entanglement of concepts and technologies, frames of knowledge and practices, all operating through heterogeneous networks of international aid agencies, public institutions, social movements and firms. As an already flourishing set of definitions, initiatives and experiences, innovation for social inclusion also calls for empirical analysis and theoretical reflection and policy debate. The field of STS is well-placed to contribute systematic explorations of these issues and challenges. This open panel, organised by scholars prominent in debates about inclusion,will welcome papers on the following issues: Concepts and approaches: Innovation vs. technological change. Inclusions and exclusions in inclusive innovation. Inclusive innovation as outcome and as process. Palliative initiatives cf. systematic approaches. Standard indicators and metrics or incorrigible plurality. Spaces of intervention and heterogeneous actors: encounters between formal STI and informal knowledge. Differences between framings, evaluation and material practices amongst S&T and civil society actors.The view from grassroots and their contribution to new models and policies. Politics of knowledge and new public policies: explicit and implicit policies - below the rhetoric to the substance of projects. Universities and extension cf. science shops cf. community workshops cf. incubators for solidarity economy. New R&D agendas for social inclusion.

 

45. Minority Report: The Fall and Rise of Critical Technology Studies
Organizers: Gretchen Gano, Ben Brucato
Language: E
Technology Studies aims to render technology comprehensible in historical, social, and political terms. A subset of this work we call Critical Technology Studies (CTS), holds that technologies are forms-of-life with intrinsic features that produce or merge with certain political and social arrangements. Under this premise, technologies are not like a hammer that can used and put down at will; instead they represent a kind of embedded legislation that structures human behavior and ideas (Winner 1986). Central CTS thinkers such as Lewis Mumford, Jacques Ellul, Langdon Winner and others not traditionally cited in STS such as Verbeek and Borgmann have given us a framework to interrogate how technical demands can overrule capacities for civic comprehension and democratic control of complex technologies. Contre to the social constructivist narrative that relevant actors are ever busy negotiating our technological reality, CTS suggest that pervasive technological systems can tightly constrain and sometimes confound social and political action. Although STS owes an intellectual debt to the trailblazing works of CTS, its key contributors’ methods and insights are marginalized in the field today. In an inter-discipline where scholarship is often embedded in its scientific and technical focus, with many in our ranks enrolled in the innovation enterprise, the time is ripe for a minority report on Critical Technology Studies. Organizers invite contributions that unpack and challenge the view that critical technology scholarship is merely anti-technological Luddism grounded in sidelined arguments of determinism. We seek submissions that reenergize our understanding of the primary claims of CTS; that trace the critical reception of CTS within STS as it responds to Neo-Luddite radicalism and resistance movements, as in the work of Kirkpatrick Sale; and that apply CTS to contemporary studies of innovation or that propose new areas of inquiry for CTS.

 

46. Infrastructure, history and power: Approaches and horizons
Organizers: Alexis De Greiff Acevedo, Ericka Herazo
Language: E/S/P
Infrastructure in all of its material and non-material expressions, is a latent technology in our everyday landscape. Inside it, a complexity of relations and connections are concentrated, and it still ramains undestudied. We invite to make some reflection on infrastructure, its role in the South-North context, social construction, their uses, their meanings, their relationship with culture, economics, power and social world. The panel is open to historical studies and theoretical perspectives that help us think about these boundings, and allow the designing of new research agendas on the subject. La infraestructura, en todas sus manifestaciones materiales e inmateriales, es una tecnología latente en nuestro espacio y paisaje cotidiano. En ella se concentran una complejidad de relaciones y conexiones, pero creemos que no ha sido estudiada lo suficiente. En este panel invitamos a la reflexión sobre la infraestructura, su papel en el contexto sur-norte, su construcción social, sus usos, sus significados, su relación con la cultura, la economía, el poder y lo social. El panel está abierto tanto a estudios históricos como a perspectivas teóricas de análisis que ayuden a pensar en estas relaciones, y que apunten a diseñar nuevas agendas de investigación sobre el tema.

 

47. Medicine across Hemispheres: Disparities and Opportunities in Global Health
Organizers: Christopher Leslie,
Language: E
This panel hopes to demonstrate how STS scholarship can cross national boundaries to improve the practice of medicine. Global health scholarship can provide insights to ameliorate global health disparities as well as inspire innovation based on biodiversity and local knowledges. Certainly, the ethical challenges posed by the unequal diffusion of medicine require attention from an STS viewpoint. At the same time, local knowledge (either from the practice of medicine or regarding local variants) can provide new insight for global health. This panel seeks to disseminate the STS approaches and projects that are needed to guide biomedical research in the age of global medicine. In addition, papers on pedagogical or theoretical approaches that will best prepare undergraduate students to address these challenges and possibilities are welcome. Topics related to indigenous medicine, global pharmaceutical trials and pricing, appropriate technology, comparative epidemiology, medical education, and others are welcome.

 

48. Pensamento Iberoamericano em Ciência, Tecnologia e Desenvolvimento
Organizers: Gilson Queluz, Maria Fernanda Rollo, Luiz Ernesto Merkle, Renato Dagnino, Tiago Brandão, Carolina Bagattolli
Language: E/S/P
É comum afirmar-se que, na história das instituições e das políticas – nomeadamente ao nível do Estado e dos aparelhos de governação –, encontramos sempre os homens, o voluntarismo das personalidades e a influência da acção individual. Com efeito, reconhecer o lugar das ideias e dos actores na orientação das políticas, especialmente na tradição iberoamericana, aponta à necessidade de conhecer as individualidades, o respectivo pensamento e a substância não só intelectual mas cultural e socioeconómica das suas decisões. É, também, apontar para o enraizamento destas ideias e atores em coletivos de práticas sociais. Na história e na compreensão das políticas, como das próprias instituições, existe de facto um lugar para a percepção dos contextos socioeconómicos e das idiossincrasias culturais, uma percepção que é central para a explicação dos mecanismos de veiculação das narrativas, mecanismos não só explicativos das identidades / especificidades como do isomorfismo que pervasivamente influencia a própria orientação, evolução e rupturas das políticas e das instituições. Em consonância, o objetivo deste painel é compreender e situar importantes contribuições do pensamento individual, em seu contexto histórico de produção coletiva do conhecimento, em Ciência, Tecnologia e Sociedade, para qualificar e orientar o debate sobre as relações entre C&T e Desenvolvimento, em diferentes regiões e realidades socioeconómicas. Inclusive na orientação ou na oposição, de políticas públicas, mormente nas políticas científicas e tecnológicas das nações, captando as semelhanças e especificidades nos enredos políticos e sociais da promoção, organização, administração e contestação da C&T. Delimitação da temática do GT 1 - Gurus e mandarins universitários e as estruturas de poder de C&T 2 - Académicos e científicos na organização da Ciência 3 - Engenheiros e industriais: os arautos da Técnica 4 - Tecnocratas e burocratas: da política científica à política tecnológica 5 - Intelectuais e trabalhadores: oposições e contra-poder na história da política científica

 

49. Ciencia, tecnología, innovación y género.
Organizers: Magalí Turkenich, Gabriela Sued
Language: E/S/P
Esta mesa se propone para exponer aquellos trabajos que refieran a los tópicos que indagan en la relación entre ciencia/tecnología/innovación y género, el cual constituye un abordaje específico dentro de los estudios sociales de la ciencia y la tecnología. Cuando hablamos de “género” no nos referimos a entidades unívocas, sino a relaciones e identidades socialmente construidas, y consolidadas en relaciones “entre géneros”. Tales relaciones pueden construirse simétrica o asimétricamente. Las asimetrías pueden considerarse en los momentos de producción y uso de los conocimientos, en términos de lugares de poder, toma de decisiones o detención y acceso a conocimiento y dispositivos científico-tecnológico. Los estudios de ciencia, tecnología y género buscan dar cuenta de los diferentes aspectos constitutivos de tales asimetrías, que tienen un origen social en los hechos, y uno simbólico en la manera de relatarlos. Pero también entienden que existen posibilidades de intervención concretas destinadas a reducir o “anular” las asimetrías entre género. En un mundo donde el acceso al conocimiento elaborado y los dispositivos tecnológicos construyen un diferencial económico, social y cultural, y la innovación tecnológica es un proceso capital para la producción económica y la inclusión social, las asimetrías entre géneros siguen existiendo. Esta mesa propone identificarlas particularmente y abordarlas colectivamente para avanzar hacia su transformación.

 

50. Invisible toxins, invisible victims: an STS contribution to occupational health studies.
Organizers: francois Dedieu, Emmanuel Henry
Language: E/S/P
Through a political sociology of science perspective, the panel aims to renew the study of occupational hazard. So far environmental justice studies have paid little attention to occupational hazards. These studies tend to focus more on citizens and residents exposed to environmental hazards, rather than on the workers who are often the first exposed to dangers. The purpose of this panel is to foster two sets of reflections and will focus on papers containing strong empirical data. The first is linked to author biographies. There appears to be a trend where many authors move on to other topics following initial work on occupational health issues. We are looking for papers that might answer foundational questions about the explanations for these shifts and how this topic is linked to academic careers and the difficulties of access to research subjects. A second set of reflections focuses on furthering analytical frameworks of occupational hazard. Workers’ health concerns are generally studied through “domination” theories that link job security to the inability of workers to improve working conditions. The “new political sociology of science” focuses on official knowledge production and institutional arrangements that are set up for occupational hazard measurement, which are often linked to compensation systems of these risks. The analytical focus here is on the boundaries between measurement and assessment of occupational hazards and environmental risks that work to conceal the harmful health effects of work. This makes victim mobilization even more difficult to organize. These challenges are increasingly apparent in the context of the economic downturn and quick industrial transformations. As a result, the study of occupational risk becomes a real stake for the social sciences.

 

51. Responsible Research and Innovation: Legitimizing Emergent Technologies
Organizers: Hannot Rodríguez, Andoni Eizagirre
Language: E/S/P
Research policies of industrialized governments such as the EU or the US have progressively incorporated a broader set of criteria by which R&D-related practices are designed, implemented and evaluated. Concepts such as "governance" or "responsible research and innovation" (RRI) have been integrated into the narrative of these policies, and are institutionally claimed to represent a new, more socially accountable, way of conducting R&D practices. For instance, the EU claims to integrate RRI in the next R&D Framework Programme, "Horizon 2020", in order to allow "all societal actors (…) to work together during the whole research and innovation process in order to better align both the process and its outcomes with the values, needs and expectations of European society" (EC, draft Work Programme "Science with and for society", p. 61). This emphasis on socially responsible R&D can be interpreted to a big extent as an institutional attempt to legitimate the industrial development and application of new and emergent technologies such as biotechnology and nanotechnology, which are considered the cornerstone of economic growth and competitiveness. For instance, the public backlash against agri-food biotechnology in Europe demonstrated that techno-industrial innovations are comdemned to fail if they are not sensitive to the societal concerns about the knowledge, interests, goals and regulations that shape them. This panel invites contributions focusing on the "construction" of legitimation of emerging technologies R&D through approaches such as RRI—including contributions that explicitly deny the driving thesis of the legitimation rationale. The panel aims to understand if RRI or similar responsible policies promote "substantive" transformations in R&D policies and practices or if they entail no more than a set of "superficial"—or, as it could be said, "legitimizing"—adjustments.

 

52. Experimental Entanglements: STS and the Life Sciences
Organizers: Des Fitzgerald, Felicity Callard
Language: E
If it is true that we now live in ‘a biological age’ (Rose, 2013), one in which we increasingly understand ourselves though the irretrievably biosocial complexity of human social life, where does this leave STS analyses of, and interactions with, the life sciences? If we can no long rely on either (1) tired rhetorics of the life sciences as reductionistic and imperialistic, or (2) twentieth-century models of multi- and trans-disciplinarity, founded on an idea of disciplinary borders that might be crossed, but that remained ontologically solid – is there an imperative upon us to now more radically re-conceptualise the traffic between STS and biology? In this open session, we want to explore a model of ‘experimental entanglement’ – an ethic and practice of working across disciplines that is premised on more profound and experimental modes of engagement with (and through) the life sciences. Open to wide and generous interpretation, this model invites contributions that are trying to empirically, conceptually and critically explore an STS of or with the life sciences, that is somehow sensitive to, and collaborative with, the always-already entangled biosocial nature of human life. It asks: are there ways of conceptualizing and practising substantive, knowledge-producing encounters across STS and the life sciences that transcend traditional models of inter-, trans- and multi-disciplinarity? This panel invites papers that address, perform, elaborate or critique such a model of ‘experimental entanglement’. We are especially interested in (though encourage other problematics, too) papers that address: novel or experimental modes of interaction between STS and the life sciences; auto-ethnographic accounts of STS collaboration with life scientists; conceptual analyses of how STS encounters the biosocial complexity of human social life; elaborations and critiques of the diagnosis of a biological age; and theoretical interventions that interrogate an often taken-for-granted externality of STS analyses to their object(s) of study.

 

53. The Science and Politics of Biodiversity: Protecting and Governing Nature
Organizers: Håkon B. Stokland
Language: E
Biodiversity has become a crucial concept in nature conservation and management. It was coined in the 1980s, made politically pivotal through the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity established in 1992, and further institutionalized by the recently established Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). The concept does not, however, only constitute intentions to conserve the diversity of living organisms. A distinctive trait of the concept and practice of biodiversity is the extent to which it generates a host of political interventions, knowledge production, and detailed regulations. One example of this is that nations which have ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity are required to identify and monitor their biological diversity, assess which organisms are threatened, and create national plans or strategies to ensure their protection. In many cases, these obligations have constituted new challenges to biologists, nature managers, bureaucrats, and politicians. They also bear resemblance to other developments currently transforming how government is conducted in our societies, such as those associated with government at a distance and calculation centers. Papers for this session could for example look into how and which biological diversity are monitored, how some organisms are assessed as threatened (and some not), or how threatened organisms are regulated and sought conserved. Papers could also investigate broader topics such as how monitoring and regulating biological diversity might be transforming the nature one seeks to conserve, whether the developments in nature management since the establishment of the convention could be described as a ‘biodiversity regime’, how these developments are related to more general developments in public government, or how science and politics works together in the practical conduct of biodiversity. The panel welcomes all papers concerning biodiversity, and encourages specifically those dealing with government and biodiversity.

 

54. Ecologies and Material Politics of the Inorganic
Organizers: Manuel Tironi, Nerea Calvillo, & Max Liboiron
Language: E/S/P
Minerals, chemicals, aerosols and other inorganic entities sustain, expand and interfere with life on Earth. Their incessant activity shapes – and disrupts – ecosystems, atmospheres and landscapes. STS scholars have studied how different devices spark these entities into being, but less attention has been paid to the systematic way such materials exceed, sometimes with harmful and even lethal results, the structures set up for their measurement, valuation and management. Recognizing the permanence and recalcitrance of these materials means imagining new regimes of co-habitation, provoking new experimental modes of material/human engagement, and intervention. It also entails redefining our understandings of hazards, harm, contamination, risks and uncertainties. Chemical and geological things open up questions about the materiality of political life that, despite the recent turn to the Anthropocene, STS has not fully addressed. In this open panel we are interested in thinking about the agency of inorganic entities, and the political configurations they unbound, create, and necessitate. We seek to go beyond analyses of performativity to speculate about the autonomy of materials, even as they are entangled in multiple wider systems, and their role configuring public life and politics: we look beyond mere descriptions of the activities of these materials, towards how they operate on the ground, and how we, as STS scholars, can use our research to intervene into the processes, politics, and social lives they engender. We are interested in experiments and applications that articulate mineral-chemical/human relations in novel ways so that new vocabularies, imaginaries and modes of action become possible. We invite papers working on, but not limited to, the following issues:• Chemical and geological unpredictability and harm.• New modes of mineral-chemical/human conviviality.• Affects and effects of chemicals.• Cosmopolitics of/with the geological.• Political experiments in/for the Anthropocene.• Temporal and spatial organizations of 21st century materials.• Alternative schema and practices for apprehending and knowing the inorganic.

 

55. Investigación Universitaria y Desarrollo en América Latina: nuevas estrategias para viejos y nuevos desafíos
Organizers: Maria Goñi Mazzitelli, Federico Vasen, Ariel Gordon
Language: E/S/P
ESOCITE
Comisión Sectorial de Investigación Científica- Universidad de la República- Uruguay
Programa Nacional de Tecnología e Innovación Social del MINCYT- Argentina
Los desafíos de investigación que comparten actualmente las universidades latinoamericanas involucran un amplio conjunto de dimensiones, algunas bien conocidas y otras nuevas, vinculadas a las transformaciones en la educación superior a nivel mundial y regional. Entre los desafíos que alcanzan a las instituciones académicas en general pero que presentan facetas idiosincráticas en el contexto latinoamericano, cabe mencionar los cambios recientes en las formas de organización y producción del conocimiento académico. Estos han promovido transformaciones que impactan de forma diferente al interior de las Universidades y en sus diversas áreas cognitivas. En este marco, los desafíos comunes de las universidades latinoamericanas involucran un amplio conjunto de dimensiones: resignificación del conocimiento; contexto de producción y utilización de conocimiento; nuevas dinámicas de interacción universidad-sociedad; necesidad de establecer nuevos criterios de evaluación; tensiones mayores entre los niveles de autonomía de las universidades y sus obligaciones con la sociedad. La orientación de las agendas de investigación universitarias constituyen el escenario en el que muchas de estas tensiones y dilemas se enfrentan. Con el objetivo de conocer más en detalle las realidades de las universidades latinoamericanas en sus esfuerzos por impulsar agendas de investigación que prioricen la utilidad social y local del conocimiento este panel buscará recabar reflexiones y experiencias en torno a los siguientes ejes:

 

56. When Science and Politics Come Up Against Their Own Universalism
Organizers: Salvador Schavelzon, Antonia Walford
Language: E/S/P
From colonialism to globalization, so-called Western science and society have a long history of expansionism under different political auspices, bringing scientific knowledge and political institutions into contact with very different worlds and forms of knowing. Scientific endeavours and political reforms in such contexts are often demonstrated to be part of an encompassing machinery of homogeneization and standardization premised on universalistic and dichotomizing conceptual and political axioms. However, from the ethnosciences to ‘plurinational’ political constitutions, from networks to 'cosmoeconomics', science and the state, at least on what might be thought of as their fringes, are also struggling with the question of how to relate to Other forms of knowing. This struggle is not only in the face of multiple fronts of resistance to their own definitive universalism, but also in the recognition of their appropriation and transformative re-deployment by very different ecologies of knowledges and practices. Discernible in this is a re-figuring of a political and ontological landscape that demands a concomitant move towards re-comprehending what science and politics are, or could be. This is therefore also a methodological challenge to the social sciences to come up with a conceptual language that takes account of emergent topologies of contact with Other worlds, that does not simply reiterate dominant binary oppositions - or their symmetrical inversion - but pays attention to the subtle modulations and complex recursive and historical interdigitations that characterize such relational forms. By discussing the movements against, beyond or within modern, scientific knowledge and political institutions in different ethnographic fields, this panel seeks to explore the ontological repercussions that Western science and politics face in their appropriation by/of their ‘outside’. In this context our aim is also to explore the conceptual possibilities of a more intimate relation between anthropological and STS perspectives.

 

57. Salud Pública y estudios Ciencia Tecnología y Sociedad (CTS)
Organizers: Yuri Carvajal, Jorge Pacheco
Language: E/S/P
Los estudios CTS encuentran en el campo tradicionalmente reconocido como salud pública, un vasto territorio para investigar y experimentar con objetos y problemas en movimiento, aportando a los enfoques clásicos, una visión comprensiva de algunas paradojas como: Las tecnologías biomédicas de modificación del cuerpo y los procesos biológicos que desafían los límites y posibilidades de la naturaleza humana Las dinámicas científicas latinoamericanas y las políticas de inclusión/exclusión (étnicas, género, etcétera) en la investigación biomédica Las transformaciones en el mundo de los hechos vitales y las enfermedades, clasificaciones, causalidades, abordajes y experiencias clínicas, a partir de los despliegues tecno-científicos. La constitución de colectivos de pacientes, familias y amigos de enfermos, como legos expertos, que buscan un lugar en la política, tanto en el sentido de la demanda de prevención y tratamiento, como de su rechazo. Reorganización de hospitales y centros clínicos, en una nueva especie de laboratorio ampliado, cuya acción es guiada mediante el uso de protocolos, guías, algoritmos, teniendo todos en vista los ensayos clínicos como práctica central de objetivación. Creciente economización de la salud, mediante el uso de técnicas de cálculo como AVISA, Estudios de costo efectividad, medicina basada en evidencia. Proliferación, controversia y politización creciente de las estadísticas de salud, tanto en las esferas centralizadas de gobierno, como en la difusión de las decisiones individuales a partir de cifras probabilísticas. La convocatoria llama pues a trabajos que investiguen el mundo de la salud y la enfermedad como un campo en movimiento, mirando con especial énfasis en la constitución e historia de objetos clínicos, económicos y políticos en las áreas de : Estadísticas y modelamiento cuantitativo de poblaciones y riesgo Economización, industrialización y biotecnologización de la salud Medicamentos y vacunas Colectivos de Pacientes Medicina protocolizada y guías clínicas

 

58. Centers and Peripheries in Science and Technology: Asymmetries and the Dynamics of Knowledge Production
Organizers: Hebe Vessuri, Wiebke Keim, Leandro Rodriguez Medina, Pablo Kreimer
Language: E/S/P
The use of the notions of centers and peripheries in science and technology is not new. Since the study of the spread of Western science to the actual revision of the asymmetrical nature of international networks of scientists to the analysis of inequalities in knowledge production, there has been a continuous concern with the disparities between regions, countries, scientific fields and institutions in terms of production of original, innovative knowledge. In fact, it could be argued that the uneven distribution of material and symbolic resources is a constitutive feature of science and technology at the international level. It seems timely to revise the changes through time of the various concepts related to this theme when applied to science and technology, and to see whether they are still useful to understand the dynamics of world science. We extend an invitation to debate the changes occurred in the last decades to assess the validity of the main conceptualizations and to contribute to an up to date framework to deal with these phenomena in the beginning of the 21st century.

 

59. Corpses, Technologies, and Cultures
Organizers: Philip Olson
Language: E
Dead human bodies occupy physical and cultural spaces in which a wide variety of actors and interests intersect—sometimes cooperatively, sometimes contentiously. These include medical and funeral professionals, manufacturers, marketers, engineers, lawmakers, regulators, religious leaders and devotees, social reformers, funeral consumers, etc. Concern for the handling, preparation, disposition, and memorialization of mortal remains is something that all human cultures share. But specific beliefs, attitudes, and practices related to care of dead bodies vary widely across regional, national, and cultural borders. In many parts of the world, funerary practices are facilitated and mediated by technologies ranging from refrigeration systems and transportation technologies to embalming and cremation technologies; from internet and communication technologies to alkaline hydrolysis, cryogenics, and even rocket ships. This panel invites submissions having to do with the ways in which technological innovations interact with the personal, social, spiritual, material, commercial, and scientific dimensions of funerary practices within various cultural contexts. Potential topics may include, but are not limited to: 1. The roles of disposition technologies in the organization of funeral work 2. The status and function of experts and expertise within funerary contexts 3. Relationships between science and religion within various funeral customs 4. Roles of digital media in funeral rites and rituals, and in memorialization practices 5. Government policies regarding the disposition of human remains and the regulation of funeral work 6. Environmental assessments of disposition practices (e.g., embalming, cremation, alkaline hydrolysis, sky burial) 7. The expression and formation of personal and cultural identities through funerary techno-practices 8. Relationships between innovation and tradition in funerary contexts 9. Race, class, and gender politics related to funeral technologies, funeral professions, and dead bodies 10. Relationships between mortuary science and medical science Please submit papers to prolson@vt.edu for consideration for inclusion in this panel.

 

60. O que pode um laboratório? Sentidos e especificidades da etnografia no estudo sócio-antropológico da prática científica
Organizers: Organizers: Daniela Manica (IFCS/UFRJ) and Pedro Ferreira (IFCH/Unicamp).
Language: E/S/P
Um dos marcos mais conhecidos sobre o surgimento das etnografias de laboratório foi a publicação de "A Vida de Laboratório" em 1979, resultado de uma etnografia realizada por Bruno Latour no Salk Institute entre 1975 e 1977. Ali, Latour e Woolgar mostraram a importância da contribuição antropológica para o estranhamento e relativização de muitos pressupostos ainda dominantes na filosofia da ciência, permitindo ao etnógrafo acompanhar práticas de laboratório como quem acompanha o cotidiano de uma sociedade que não é a sua. Curiosamente, ao mesmo tempo em que se voltou para os laboratórios científicos, a etnografia passou a ser abertamente revista pela Antropologia, inclusive no que se refere aos seus pressupostos espaço-temporais definidores do “campo”. Nas palavras de Latour e Woolgar (1997:31): “A grande diferença entre a etnografia clássica e a das ciências reside no fato de que o campo da primeira confunde-se com um território, enquanto o da segunda toma a forma de uma rede.” Cabe, mais de 3 décadas depois, perguntar: "se" e "como" essa diferença pode ser desempenhada em cada contexto por cada pesquisador, e quais os efeitos disso? Partindo de pesquisas que envolvam o universo dos laboratórios e das tecnociências, e em diálogo com a teoria ator-rede, propomos neste painel promover um debate acerca dos sentidos e especificidades da etnografia no estudo sócio-antropológico da prática científica.

60. The powers of the laboratory. Meanings and specificities of ethnography in the socio-anthropological study of scientific practice
(Title is in Portugese on registration form)
Organizers: Daniela Manica, Pedro P. Ferreira
Language: E/S/P
One of the best known landmarks for the emergence of laboratory ethnographies was the publication of "Laboratory Life" in 1979, resulting from Bruno Latour's ethnography at the Salk Institute. In that book, Latour and Woolgar demonstrated the relevance of the anthropological contributions to the denaturalization and relativization of many of the still dominant assumptions in the Philosophy of Science, which allowed the ethnographer to experience laboratory practices as he would experience the daily life of an unfamiliar social group. Interestingly, as it turned to the study of scientific laboratories, ethnography also became openly questioned by Anthropology, among other things because of its assumptions regarding the spatio-temporal definition of the "field". In the words of Latour and Woolgar: "The big difference between classical ethnography and the ethnography of science lies in the fact that the field of the first overlaps with the territory, while that of the second takes the form of a network." We could ask, more than 3 decades later, "if" and "how" this difference can be performed in each context by each researcher, and what its effects are. Taking as point of departure research involving laboratories and the technosciences, and in dialogue with Actor-Network Theory, we propose in this panel to promote a debate about the meanings and specificities of ethnography to the socio-anthropological study of scientific practice.

 

61. Políticas públicas y construcción de redes sociotécnicas para responder a problemas de la sociedad
Organizers: Ana Lucía Calderón Saravia, Ronny Viales Hurtado
Language: E/S/P
La creación de políticas públicas por parte de los gobiernos centrales no siempre crean de forma paralela los mecanismos para implementarlas. La idea de este panel es conocer sobre la propuesta de políticas públicas y la construcción de redes sociotécnicas, tanto contemporáneas como de otros momentos históricos, para la resolución y atención de problemas y necesidades de distintos sectores sociales, en ámbitos tales como salud, educación, agronomía, producción industrial, científica y tecnológica, entre otros, así como los distintos actores y entidades que intervienen, su peso en las redes y los resultados obtenidos.

 

62. Heidegger e suas contribuições para repensar a técnica
Organizers: Evandro Bilibio, Maurício Fernando Bozatski
Language: E/S/P
Segundo Heidegger, o provocar e produzir (deixar acontecer) tem como resultado a transformação da natureza em algo disponível, à mão; na terminilogia pós Ser e Tempo, em um fundo de reserva. Esse processo que provoca, prepara e transforma a natureza em fundo de reserva é o famoso dispositivo/armação – Gestell. Safranski, seguindo Heidegger, acreditará que a humanidade perdeu o controle sobre esse processo, a tal ponto dele mesmo (o processo) ter se tornado nosso destino. Dominados, então, por esse processo, a tal ponto de termos nos perdido nele, o que resta? Abandoná-lo? E voltarmos a uma organização social, na qual a técnica não exista mais? Ou optarmos por ela, mas aceitarmos que estaremos recusando/perdendo aquelas características distintivas e que nos tornam humanos? Nem um, nem outro. Safranski nos dá uma luz ao lembrar que heidegger admoesta-nos à serenidade como uma forma de enfrentamento ao domínio da Ge-Stell. A serenidade é uma postura (a autenticidade não explicada em Sein und Zeint?) em que o pensar começa a dar-se conta do que está em jogo na Gestell. Surge, então, a possibilidade de uma reapropriação/resignificação do humano frente ao domínio da técnica. Se a serenidade é um movimento de reapropriação do sujeito – que implica em um deixar acontecer da técnica – pergunta-se: uma das respostas/saídas possíveis não seria a antropotécnica de Sloterdijk?! Ou, ainda, lembrando Lacan, superarmos o imaginário em direção ao simbólico? Para Heidegger somos seres-no-mundo auto-determinados em uma relação direta com esse mesmo mundo. A analítica existencial abre caminho para repensar a técnica moderno sob um novos ângulos – filosóficos e não filosóficos, bem como aponta para a sua superação (que não é abandonar a técnica). Reunir a possíveis contribuições heideggerianas à compreensão do Técnica moderna, ao nascimento do pensamento pós fenomenológico e dialogar com outras áreas do conhecimento é o objetivo desta proposta.

 

63. Peer production and open collaboration: revisiting closure, stabilisation and black boxing through unfinished artefacts
Organizers: Peter Dunajcsik-Maxigas, Eduard Aibar
Language: E/S/P
This panel seeks to bring together scholars studying peer production processes through STS lenses and concepts. Peer production is a form of network-based voluntary cooperation aimed at contributing to a commons, epitomised by the Linux kernel and Wikipedia and more recently applied to hardware. Case studies of peer production projects can inspire new theoretical developments within STS and simultaneously engender insights on emerging socio-technical ensembles. Peer producers work a lot to fend off stabilisation, building functional parts (like loose couplings and Application Programming Interfaces) into technologies and organisations which serve to prevent closure. While these mechanisms for openness do stabilise, the resulting technologies are not exactly black boxes whose functional composition is rendered inaccessible to gaze, discourse and engineering. They can be understood as “unfinished artefacts”. Moreover, shared machine workshops manifest a model which goes against the received wisdom of trade-offs between “professional” expertise and radically open “amateur” contributions. Such open organisational architectures blend three functions traditionally separated in modern institutions: education, research and production. In this context citizen participation in technological issues is mainly achieved by practical interventions into research and development. We call for contributions that explore peer production specific projects from a wide range of STS perspectives. One is how stabilisation, closure and black boxing are themselves socially constructed, deconstructed and reconfigured in this arena. Another is the broader structural implications of peer production, since it is usually read as an emerging mode of production with disruptive consequences. Finally, since peer production is increasingly used in a wide range of settings (software development, knowledge production, infrastructure building or farming), the way it is re-enacted and appropriated by new actors can also be of interest to scholars with various theoretical backgrounds.

 

64. Grounding Disaster STS
Organizers: Jen Henderson, Max Liboiron
Language: E
Science and Technology Studies is fluent in the social and cultural aspects of risk, technological fixes, uneven vulnerability, complex infrastructure, and the sciences that define, measure, and evaluate harm. In the context of a new normal characterized by extreme weather, ubiquitous contamination, and large-scale disasters with roots in both technological and “natural” realms, we seek to bring STS theories and concepts to bear on these crises, applying them to high-stakes, hands-on disaster situations. Following scholars such as Kai Eriksen and Rob Nixon, disaster can be seen as any material effect--weather event, technological malfunction, or chronic contaminant--that disrupts social and cultural forms to an extent that society can no longer reproduce itself. In particular, we seek to explore how STS theories and methods might extend beyond academe: How can our work assist first responders, disaster managers, activists, scientists, public institutions, community-based organizations, and vulnerable groups that bear the brunt of effects and responses to disaster? How can we move discussions from technological fixes to the systemic problems that create ubiquitous hazards? And how does this reframing result in new forms or avenues of action? How can STS matter most in disasters? We welcome traditional papers, workshops, and trainings on topics that may include, but are not limited to, the following: *comparisons of genres of disaster and response via STS, especially between the global north and south *new ways to define, identify, and gather data on/with vulnerable populations that open novel avenues of response *ways to conceptualize and deal with unpredictability, risk, and uncertainty *the politics and techniques of mitigation versus adaptation to disasters *how to collaborate between STS scholars, scientists, and a plethora of first responders *alternative approaches to data collection, publication, engagement, and outreach *means to collect and share data across multiple groups of experts and publics

 

65. Controversy Mapping using digital tools and methods in different academic contexts: South(s)-North(s) dialogs
Organizers: Nicolas BAYA LAFFITE, Tommaso Venturini, Fernanda Bruno, Débora de Carvalho Pereira
Language: E/S/P
Created some 20 years ago by Bruno Latour as a way of teaching Actor Network Theory using digital tools, and information design in an innovative way, Controversy Mapping is evolving into a full-fledged teaching, research, and intervention method in multiple academic contexts (http://controverses.sciences-po.fr/archiveindex/). In Europe, projects such as Macospol (http://mappingcontroversies.net), Emaps (http://www.emapsproject.com/blog/), Medea (http://projetmedea.hypotheses.org/), and Forccast (http://forccast.hypotheses.org/page/2) are now gathering multiple teams in STS and other related fields across Europe, focused on equipping students, professionals and publics in mapping out socio-technical controversies. At the same time, there has recently been a burgeoning interest, giving place to some new initiatives for developing Controversy Mapping in South America. Nowadays, several universities from both sides of the Atlantic and in both hemispheres have gained experience in using the approach for teaching and/or research, combining STS and digital tools. It is these experiences, their achievements, challenges and perspectives, we intend to share and discuss in a reflexive manner. This panel thus invites scholars to present papers exploring the following issues pertaining to Controversy Mapping: a) Introducing controversy mapping in the academic curricula: reflecting and drawing lessons on trajectories, ad hoc developments, and results in different disciplinary frameworks (social sciences, economics, journalism, natural sciences, engineering, architecture, design, etc.); b) Methodological challenges in mapping the dynamics of science and technology in society: developing and using tools, concepts, and corpora; c) Webcartography: advances in exploiting a new fieldwork for socio-technical debates ; d) Making controversies visible: qualitative and quantitative analysis and visualisation of actor networks and data design; e) The politics of controversy mapping in different social contexts: exploring the actual and potential role for such tools among different actors (academics, NGO, concerned citizens, journalists, policy-makers, etc). A common reflection is aimed, ultimately, on the current state of the art and future perspectives on controversy mapping.

 

66. Struggling with Sex: Science, Politics, and Binaries
Organizers: Sari Irni
Language: E
Medical technologies, such as surgeries and hormone technologies, have been utilized in moulding of bodies in various ways during the past century. In case of only hormone technologies these include hormonal contraception, the so-called therapeutic amenorrhea for disabled women, claims about ‘healing’ of homosexuals, discussions whether androgens or estrogens might better alleviate menopausal symptoms, enhancing athletes’ strength in sports, and sex reassignment treatment. Crucially, medical technologies have in various ways been involved in both the perpetuating and the questioning of binary understandings of sex as ‘female and male’. This panel discusses medical technologies in all their variety – not restricted to hormone technologies – where the development or practicing of these technologies seem to cause, to slightly modify Judith Butler’s term, ‘trouble with sex’. Such trouble may relate to sports politics, where sex testing causes political controversies, to legislative struggles about sex reassignment treatments, to controversies about intersex treatments, to the intertwining of eugenics in how sexed bodies can be moulded, or to any other case where science and politics have intersected and where ‘sex’ has become negotiated. Among other perspectives, papers accounting for intersecting power relations such as postcolonial and queer analyses as well as studies concerning different types of activism, as well as historical analyses, are also encouraged. The papers can also extend the domain of medicine, and discuss for example, natural science struggles related to ‘sex’.

 

67. Thinking with Techno-anthropology
Organizers: Cathrine Hasse
Language: E/S/P
Although there is already much focus on the ways in which the field of anthropology can contribute to a greater understanding of technologies, especially within the field of Science and Technology (STS), only little attention has been paid to the contributions of technology as a field to the scholarly field of anthropology. Therefore, the goal of this panel is to provide the participants with the opportunity to question the ways in which exploring ‘technologies-in-use’ can contribute to anthropological theory as well as the central methodology of anthropology: The ethnographic fieldwork? What can be gained by linking the challenges we face as anthropologists working with 'technologies-in-use' with the basic anthropological theories and methodologies we, as anthropologists have 'grown up with'? In what ways can existing anthropological (regional) theories of, for example, 'animism', 'gift-exchange', 'witch-craft' or 'kinship' be used in new ways? What do newer socio-material theories used in ethnographies of technology-in-use such as postphenomenology, ANT and CHAT have to offer the general field of anthropology? Additionally, the panel wish to spark a discussion about the methodological considerations needed when the field of anthropological inquiry is ‘technologies-in-use’?In what ways can the experiences gained within the techno-anthropological field be useful for anthropology as a whole? For example, working within the frame of techno-anthropology shed new light on notions such as 'globalization', 'frictions' and ‘creolisation' as well as ‘material culture’. In order to ensure a comprehensive discussion we invite primarily anthropological scholars who study ‘technologies-in-use’ building on situated ethnographies, especially within the field of heath care and educational settings.

 

68. Beyond the Prototype as Endgame: Taking care of objects and relationships in rapid participatory innovation
Organizers: Rebecca Ellis, Ruth McNally
Language: E/S/P
This open panel invites critical responses to growing experimentation with rapid participatory innovation projects. It identifies two key features of such projects that risk perpetrating asymmetrical relations of power and selective techno-scientific futures. These are a) a focus on material prototypes as discrete entities and indexes of project success and; b) user participation as an un-problematized component of ‘democratic innovation’ which itself can be a proxy for radical social scientific critique. Often hidden from view or unarticulated is a more performative metaphysics that would shed light upon ‘forgotten’ or abandoned alternative prototypes, and unfolding, multiple, distributed and contested individual and social needs, emergent through relationships between people and things (Björgvinsson,Ehn, & Hillgren 2012; Michael 2012, Southern et al 2013, Suchman 2011). However, imagining alternatives and taking full account of the ethical and practical implications of this performative metaphysics is always challenging. Recent scholarship has argued for the importance of focusing on care to extend an embrace to things and possible relationships hitherto neglected within technoscientific assemblages (Puig de la Bellacasa 2011). Cultivating a sensitivity to care of people and things in the context of rapid innovation has the potential to make visible the sites of labour, loss and contradiction inherent in processes of participatory design. The details, subtleties, complex negotiations and experiences of these relationships and possible ‘discarded’ prototypes which populate distributed sites of innovation, may offer subtle clues as to how to imagine alternative worlds generated via projects of rapid innovation; worlds which take full and sensitive account of expanded ontological possibilities. We welcome empirical, conceptual and philosophical papers from the social sciences and humanities in English, Portuguese and Spanish and varied modes of delivery including performance. Our aim is to work towards a radical response to rapid participatory innovation studies.

 

69. Kinship online: global movements of digital information and biomediated bodies in the quest for relatedness
Organizers: Katherine Harrison
Language: E
This panel explores the staging that goes into the making of kinship on new media and social networking sites. Web 2.0 media – characterised by user-generated content, interactivity and collaboration – facilitate the flows of information between fertility clinics, potential parents, donor children and adoptees, connecting geographically distant stakeholders and smoothing the process of cross-border travel. Located at the intersection of digital media and critical kinship studies, this panel is concerned with the relationship between the affordances/limitations of media technologies and the dissemination/translation of technoscientific understandings of kinship and reproduction. This includes not only global movements of information about reproductive technologies, for example, but also the digitised bodies involved (what has come to be termed the the “biomediated body” (Thacker 2004)). Digital media provide multimodal ways in which to present one’s own journey whilst simultaneously reconfiguring the bodies involved into digital resources and records (for example, bodies of potential parents as resources to be tested and assessed for fertility potential, sperm donors represented as rows of information held in large databases, donor siblings forming kinship relations through their donor ID numbers). How do these global movements of digitised information and bodies intersect in the sphere of kinship? What difference does it make to understandings of relatedness that the emotional intelligence, height and profession or a sperm donor living in Denmark can be read by a potential customer in the US? What effects and affects are produced in online networks of transnational adoptees? Individual papers are invited on any aspect of kinship online, including but not limited to: donor sibling websites, adoptee networks, online marketing of fertility services, fertility blogging, multilingual and multicultural translations of kinship online, e- activism and -advocacy, mediating alternative kinship configurations, and maintaining kinship over distance.

 

70. Produção de conhecimento científico interdisciplinar: novas experiências
Organizers: Adilson da Silva Mello, Rosinei Batista Ribeiro
Language: E/S/P
Este Painel Aberto contemplará propostas que relacionem produções científicas e tecnológicas com um viés social como elementos constitutivos de uma mesma realidade, em perspectivas contextualizadas e com enfoques conceituais definidos. O objetivo é a construção de um diálogo entre diferentes experiências que sejam construídas por elementos interdisciplinares, compreendendo uma ideia de “sociedade" que considere a participação de atores não humanos, interagindo e interferindo em constituições formativas do ser humano com implicações práticas na formação de valores, desejos e projetos socioculturais e econômicos. Propõe-se a articulação de reflexões que ultrapassem visões dicotômicas sobre ciência, tecnologia, política e economia. Considerando as diferentes discussões como produtos de redes em que as ações são compostas de momentos mediadores e operadores de diferenças e elos. Ultrapassa-se a lógica do mercado e do modo de produção capitalista, o que impõe pensarmos a cultura para além da dinâmica da ordem, da reprodução constituída, dos padrões, regras e socializações. Este Painel Aberto pretende contribuir com reflexões constituidoras de redes, traduzindo ações e identidades. E explicitar, por meio de pesquisas que se proponham interdisciplinares, o deslocamento, mediação ou criação inventiva de relações que são metodologicamente limitadas no campo disciplinar.

 

71. Opening up the urban interface: The smart city and other experimental forms of ‘infrastructural politics’
Organizers: Francesca Musiani, Martin Tironi, Tomas Sanchez Criado
Language: E/S/P
‘Smart city’ is becoming a fashionable concept in urban design (Picon, 2014), designating cities governed through the pervasive use of digital devices. In line with these prospects, many contemporary cities around the world are engaging in an experimental deployment of smart devices (Marres, 2012; Karvonen & van Heuer, in press). They ask experts and citizens to either become avid interpreters of sensors’ data or engage in urban automated governance on a variety of aspects, including air quality, urban hygiene, traffic lights and roads maintenance, mobility and public transportation or urban accessibility. Thus, they contribute to the articulation of cyborg citizens (Gandy, 2005; Sheller & Urry, 2006) or citizens as sensors (Goodchild, 2007). However, beyond these top-down institutional and industrial-led projects, many citizens are also organizing into grassroots collectives seeking to ‘open up the urban interface’ in different ways. These are activist-led projects, permeated by a hacker ethos, targeting the intervention/transformation of a wide variety of urban infrastructures, articulating free-culture-like formats of public space design and use (Corsín, in press; Musiani, 2013; Van Oost et al., 2009). We believe such an ‘opening’ might bring to the fore a new ‘infrastructural politics’ (Denis & Pontille, 2013; Domínguez Rubio & Fogué, 2013). This allows scholars to counter the disembodied versions of the smart city project, and to rethink the very notion of ‘script’ considering the constant and ongoing work of intervening and maintaining scenarios and their alleged predispositions (Sánchez Criado et al., in press; Tironi, in press). This session invites empirical work reflecting on the different ways in which the urban interface is being ‘opened up’ for scrutiny through these different experimental projects. It seeks to understand and theorise the different ways in which these projects are developing, intervening and countering the smart city project - and the definition of smartness itself. References Corsín, A. (in press). The Right to Infrastructure: A Prototype of Open Source Urbanism. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. Retrieved from http://www.prototyping.es/uncategorized/the-right-to-infrastructure Denis, J. & Pontille, D. (2013). Material Ordering and the Care of Things. CSI Working Papers Series nº 34. Retrieved from http://www.csi.ensmp.fr/working-papers/WP/WP_CSI_034.pdf Domínguez Rubio, F., & Fogué, U. (2013). Technifying P

 

72. Biovalue and Biocapital: Critiques, Rethinks and Futures
Organizers: Kean Birch, Denielle Elliott
Language: E
Over the last decade or so, concepts like biovalue, biocapital, life as surplus, lively capital, etc. have emerged as new ways of theorizing the relationship between the life sciences, capitalism and neoliberalism. They have become increasingly influential in science and technology studies, as well as other disciplines. While they have produced much fruitful debate, they also entail a number of ambiguities, assumptions and inconsistencies. This open panel seeks to engage critically with these concepts in order to open up critique, to rethink the application of these concepts, and push forward theoretical engagement between science and technology studies, political economy and other disciplines dealing with economic and political thought. The intentions of the open panel are to provoke constructive conversations and dialogue across a range of possible questions, including (but not limited to) the following:• What are the political-economic contexts in which these concepts have emerged? How have these contexts influenced these concepts?• How have these concepts evolved over the last decade or so? Have they enabled us to better understand the life sciences and capitalism?• What are the emerging critiques of these concepts? Where do these emerging critiques take us?• What other ways might we conceptualize the relationship between the life sciences and capitalism?• How might we reimagine these concepts in light of emerging empirical and theoretical work?• In what ways have these concepts been useful for understanding the life sciences and capitalism in the Global South? Do these concepts need rethinking in light of research in the Global South?• What are the futures of these concepts in light of the global financial crisis? And the global ecological crisis?

 

73. Plasticity, Local Biologies and Lamarckianism Across the Contemporary Life Sciences
Organizers: Sahra Gibbon, Elizabeth Roberts
Language: E/S/P
With the degradation of the notion of ‘the gene for’ diseases and behaviors, reassessments of the centrality of DNA, and both life and human scientists calling into question 20th century nature/culture debates, the notion of biological plasticity has picked up renewed force in life science emerging as a central framework for new models of the body/world interface partly as a result of new fields of science as such as epigenetics (Landecker and Panofsky 2013). At the same time these developments are intersecting in complex ways with understandings of the biological, material body, bodily substance, or inheritance that vary historically and cross-culturally which may already presume interconnectedness of body and environment or encompass more humoral notions of the body. The extent to which ‘older’ so called ‘Lamarckian’ understandings of inheritance are being re-configured, exposed or revalorized within and in relation to these novel arenas of the life science (Lock 2013) is an important but as yet relatively unexplored field of research. This panel seeks contributions from across the global south and north that can bring comparative national and/or transnational perspectives to these questions reflecting on the ‘local biologies’ (Lock 1995, Brotherton and Nguyen 2013) that are emerging in an era of post-genomics and epigenetics and the forms of biological plasticity and/or social determinism they entail and produce. It welcomes contributions that can reflect on how particular histories of the biological vis-a-vis the ‘environment’ inform these seemingly novel configurations. It particularly seeks to widen discussion of these developments beyond Euro-American societies to facilitate knowledge of how epigenetics understanding and novel notions of biological plasticity expand and extend across national and trans-national arenas and the ‘local biologies’ they interact with and inform.

 

74. STS and “the state”
Organizers: Nicholas J. Rowland, Jan-Hendrik Passoth
Language: E
Consistent with the general theme of the conference, “Science in context(s): Souths and Norths”, we encourage 4S and ESOCITE scholars researching the emerging intersection of STS and “the state” to submit their work. This jointly-held meeting affords us the unique opportunity to balance South/North perspectives on both “the state” and STS, which is a rare opportunity indeed, and will be the source of a rich discussion among participants. We anticipate hosting a series of papers in a series of “Open Panels.” In particular, we are hoping to find papers that give rise to new dialogues and exchanges on the following four topics: 1. Empirical cases of “the state” as manifest in infrastructure or in everyday life: New and exciting work in infrastructural developments offer fresh perspectives and cases to reconsider dated theoretical approaches to understanding what the state is and what they state is becoming. Likewise, a new line of research in “the state in everyday life” offers a perspective no less fresh that gets at mundane experiences and routine activities that either bring us closer to the state or fend us off from it. How these differ in the North/South divide are of prime concern. 2. Empirical cases of “the state” as manifest in material or in environmental arrangements: State formation has been a perennial question in state theory. However, as scholarship develops, the old theories of the state, which emphasize war-making and international treaties, have given way to new research on the practical aspects of state formation, as in, how do you form a state. Chief concerns in this area are material activities associated with state formation and, crucially, environmental concerns related to forming states in the first place and sustaining them in the long run. Again, how these differ in the North/South divide are of prime concern. 3. Where is the state and where is not the state? State absense/state presence: This topic emerged organically from the last 4S meeting in San Diego, and while it is new to us and is far more experimental than the above themes, we consider it of vast potential. One way to re-think the state is to ask where it is and where it is not. Are there new boarders emerging between states? Are there areas inside of the traditional territorial zones that bound states where the state simply does not appear to be present? Is it possible that the state is present even in its absence, under certain conditions? We don’t know the answers to

 

75. (Re)thinking the bioeconomy
Organizers: Vincenzo Pavone, Eric Deibel, Luisa Reis-Castro, Sara Lafuente
Language: E/S/P
Remarkable advances in life sciences and technologies have helped to bring into being a range of new sociotechnical practices and materialities, such as genetically modified organisms, embryonic stem cell lines, or new life structures through synthetic biology. Crucially, new regimes of hope are being promoted in the fields of agriculture, medicine and food that are integral to specific economic and geopolitical re-arrangements. New technologies are developed in a context of unequal power relations, which capitalize on uneven global distribution of resources and revenues and signal at new forms of human and natural exploitation. In fact, the power of these hopes does not proceed merely from the expectations of new therapeutic breakthrough or of new sources of renewable energy; it also spring from the potential of biotechnological practices and materialities to create new economic value. To many observers, we are witnessing the dawn of new economies of life, or bioeconomies. Concepts like biovalue, life surplus or biocapital, on the one hand, or the immaterial value of biotechnological assets, on the other hand, have been used to explore these economies and their organizing principles. Whilst diverging in significant ways, all these approaches emphasize the importance of the value creation, appropriation and distribution generated by the incorporation of new forms of biological resources and organisms into the global capitalist system of production, trade and finance. We welcome contributions to help begin our discussion on the following issues:• Are we facing the emergence of new economies of life?• What are the main features of these (bio)economies and how do they differ from more traditional economies? • Are new theoretical perspectives and methodologies needed to explore and understand these economies?• Are these economies built into particular (North-South; East-West) geopolitics? What is the stand of Latin America countries in relation to these (bio)economies?• What sort of subjects, relations, resistances and agencies become possible within these bioeconomies?

 

76. Climate change knowledge uptake: How, who and why?
Organizers: Asuncion St.Clair, Stephen Turner
Language: E/S/P
Much has been written about IPCC assessment processes and their impacts on science and policy making, media coverage and need for more and better communication. But a concerted effort to identify the factors that drive the reception and uptake of the Reports across multiple cultural, political, and socio-economic landscapes in different countries has never been conducted. There are no mechanisms for the systematic evaluation of the ways in which the same scientific information is framed and translated and what is the role of the actors and boundary organizations involved in these processes. How does climate knowledge circulates, is communicated, received and used and by whom for decision-making in different countries? How can we conceptualize and track these processes? What are the reasons for different uptake and interpretations? How does north-South differences play in the uptake? This panel seeks papers addressing these and other related questions, with a focus on climate change knowledge uptake.

 

77. Colisiones: Arts-Based Research and Science Technology Studies
Organizers: sam smiley, Ilana Boltvinik
Language: E/S/P
Note: if possible, we want to post this in all three languages. We can do English and Spanish but need help with Portuguese. Art and science are often seen as disparate, but although they have their distinctly different ways of approaching a problem, integrating them can bring new understandings to social issues. In this panel (or track) we invite our colleagues to bring together inquiry into art and technoscience. Our objective will be to open a discussion amongst the social studies of science and technology, and the arts. Where can the arts be used productively in the social studies of science and technology? How can one use inquiry and the arts to examine issues within science and technology? Proposals can take the form of papers, presentations, or arts based investigations. Proposals can include but are not limited to:-Use of the arts (drama, visual art, music) as a means of collecting data -Artistic ethnography-Analyzing interview data using arts based means (for example dramaturgical coding or narrative coding processes)-Visualizing data, data representation-Performing data-Using the arts to involve the research participants in the outcome of the research-Art in the inquiry process-The role of art in scientific inquiry-The role of science in artistic inquiry-Public understanding of science and society through art-Art, technology and the public sphere-Art and technology debates on public space-Inter and transdisciplinary methodologies-Art and technoscience as ways to redesign our body

 

78. La mediación social de las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación en las actividades de investigación y colaboración por doctorantes en ciencias
Organizers: Berenize Conde Morales, Rollin Kent Serna
Language: S
Resumen El fin de esta presentación es reportar resultados de un estudio basado en una encuesta en línea a doctorantes de doce disciplinas en ciencias de cinco centros de investigación mexicanos y mostrar cómo estas Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación (TIC) son apropiadas por esos estudiantes en las prácticas de investigación (análisis de datos, búsqueda de información) y de colaboración (relación tutor- alumno, trabajo en red, desarrollo de software y hardware). La adopción de las TIC en menos de dos décadas y su presencia en las formas de trabajo de los doctorantes hace necesario examinar sus efectos en las comunidades científicas de la República Mexicana. En la revisión de literatura se descubren dos posiciones: por un lado, un determinismo tecnológico que visualiza a la tecnología como un motor de cambios radicales en la sociedad y afirma una revolución en la manera en la que se produce y difunde el conocimiento y, por otro, un determinismo social que afirma que las TIC son empleadas por los investigadores de acuerdo a las estructuras de conocimiento y formas de trabajo de sus comunidades disciplinarias, y toman en cuenta los factores socioculturales de sus centros de investigación que influyen en la adopción de la herramientas tecnológicas y digitales. De acuerdo al análisis de los resultados obtenidos: a) Se determina que las TIC influyen en estas dimensiones de la actividad científica: la comunicación, la colaboración y la publicación y b) Se valida la idea de que la apropiación de las TIC está mediada por las características de las diferentes disciplinas.

 

79. Making knowledge about governance: representing, shaping and contesting political reality
Organizers: Jan Peter Voß, Stefan Aykut, Nicolas Baya-Laffite
Language: E
In recent years, there has been an ongoing trend in STS to apply methods and concepts developed in the analysis of laboratory work, innovation and sociotechnical controversies to the political and legal domain. At the same time, important strands of political science have become increasingly aware of the cognitive, discursive and material dimension of policy making, the importance of expertise processes and the constitutive role of methods, instruments, and devices in political practice. Productive encounters between scholars currently engaging in such research trends need to be encouraged. This panel intends to explore a particular zone of potential convergence: the study of knowledge-making for and about reflexive social regulation, or “governance”. This includes representations or models of a reality of politics and therefore comprises the construction of basic ontologies of the political like the state, democracy, or theories of processes in political organization, government and public administration. Such models are background to the articulation of political action: policy instruments, templates of institutional design, procedures of public participation, methods and indicators of policy evaluation and learning are only some examples. Panel papers will discuss ongoing processes in 1) the making and unmaking of representations of governance, i.e. the ways and patterns by which societies are reflexively regulated, as well as the relevance of these processes for shaping and governing the social. They will address 2) how knowledge about governance affects political processes, identities, antagonisms through the construction of political reality and under which circumstances such knowledge gets politicised and contested or accepted and naturalised. Finally, we welcome accounts on 3) the innovation trajectories of governance templates, policy instruments and methods, particularly focusing on their global circulation and transformation as they are inscribed, adapted and put to work in specific contexts. We particularly welcome papers with a focus on the global circulation of governance knowledge and technologies through south(s)/north(s) contexts.

 

80. Climate Variability, Climate Change and Public Policies in Community Development
Organizers: Oscar David Calvo Solano, Dr. Rafael Evelio Granados Carvajal
Language: E/S/P
Climate Variability and Climate Change are two phenomenons that are part of the world politic agenda. Many of the policies that are generated by policymakers and stakeholders, do not consider some issues that are happening in small communities. These policies must have their origin in this small populations, because they are the ones who are really concerned about what is happening in their zones. So, it is important to build social and technological networks that include actors from this small communities and actors from the local and central governments, institutions and scientists to analyse the effects of climate change and climate variability in economical activities such as agriculture, trade, tourism and others that are involved in community development.

 

81. MODELOS DE INSTITUCIONALIZAÇÃO E MECANISMOS DE DIFUSÃO EM POLÍTICA CIENTÍFICA E TECNOLÓGICA: ISOMORFISMO E ESPECIFICIDADES EM DIFERENTES REGIÕES DO MU
Organizers: Carolina Bagattolli, Tiago Brandão, Renato Dagnino
Language: E/S/P
Há décadas Ciência e Tecnologia (C&T) vem sendo reconhecidas como elementos centrais para o progresso e o desenvolvimento, percepção que orientou as políticas públicas desta área desde a sua institucionalização. Entretanto, embora seja comum esperarmos que o conteúdo das políticas nacionais de C&T reflitam a grande diversidade de recursos e questões socioculturais particulares de uma dada sociedade, o que se observa é justamente o contrário: uma crescente similaridade entre as políticas públicas setoriais dos mais diversos países. Aparentemente, países do mundo todo estão adotando modelos comuns de como o país deve se posicionar em relação aos diversos domínios sociais, dentre eles o da C&T. Esta tendência à uniformização da política, bem como os esforços decorrentes da adaptação dos modelos internacionais no plano nacional têm consequências na orientação destas políticas e na sua efetividade. Considerando a importância atribuída à estes processos na atualidade e a relevância que as políticas de C&T, e mais recentemente as de inovação, vem recebendo nos mais diversos países – geridos por governos possuidores das mais diversas orientações político-ideológicas –, ganha proeminência a realização de uma análise global comparada das iniciativas governamentais em termos de desenvolvimento científico-tecnológico. Mais especificamente, parece central avançarmos na análise entre semelhanças e especificidades das políticas nacionais de C&T nas mais diferentes regiões do mundo. É nesse sentido que se insere a proposta deste painel, que pretende contribuir para uma reflexão mais qualificada, tanto transdisciplinar como comparada, sobre a Política Científica e Tecnológica ao longo da história e em diferentes contextos socioeconómicos.

 

82. Dynamics in engineering practices
Organizers: Anders Buch
Language: E/S/P
Engineering practices are produced and reproduced in two different, but mutually constitutive institutional contexts: one located in institutional settings that are concerned with the reproduction of engineering knowledge and skills, i.e. engineering education and research, and the second located in companies and professional organizations concerned with the application of engineering knowledge and skills in work practices. Reviewing the literature on engineering practices in these two different but inter-related settings makes it clear that not many scholars have shown interest in the relations between educational practices and work practices. Although it seems to be evident that the two settings are strongly interrelated the linkages are fatally under-theorized and badly in need for empirical substantiation. Inter alia the following questing stands in need of scholarly investigations:• How are we to understand these different practices and how do they relate? • Which dimensions stratify transitions between educational practices and work practices? • Where is engineering professionalism and the engineering ‘mindset’ learned? • How does professionalism change in engineering? This open panel invites STS and Engineering Studies scholars to reflect on and discuss these dimensions and suggest avenues for further research on transitions in engineering practices. We invite scholarly contributions of both a theoretical and an empirical nature that helps illuminate the dynamics in and between educational practices and work practices in engineering.

 

83. Guerra, Ciência e Tecnologia
Organizers: Maria Fernanda Rollo, Tiago Brandão
Language: E/S/P
A Guerra marcou inexoravelmente o século XX, particularmente as duas conflagrações mundiais e o conflito latente da Guerra Fria. Durante as décadas de 50 e 60 assistiu-se a um período em que as lógicas desta última vieram influenciar o ambiente universitário e o internacionalismo científico. O momento de conflito sempre configurou-se como conjuntura importante para alterar a atitude dos poderes, onde cientistas e militares desenvolveram relações de proximidade. Foi nestes contextos históricos que se constituíram instituições científicas claramente perfiladas a ligar investigação à inovação técnica na produção, acelerando-se a construção de um papel supletivo de promoção da investigação científica, desempenhado sobretudo pelo Estado. Sob pressão das necessidades do período bélico ensaiaram-se economias de comando para satisfação das necessidades da guerra, montaram-se diferentes mecanismos de mobilização e organização de desenvolvimento de novos armamentos, criaram-se unidades laboratoriais incumbidas de desenvolver materiais sintéticos e aperfeiçoar processos manufatureiros. A Guerra proporcionou inúmeros desenvolvimentos tecnológicos, configurando um pretexto para diferentes alianças, entre instituições e actores sociais – ao que não escapou a crescente intensidade das relações entre militares, cientistas e poder político – forçando transformações institucionais, novas geometrias organizacionais, e semeando transformações ao nível da economia política das nações. Economia política que veio a ter um crescente e pervasivo impacto na própria ética da “República da Ciência”.Estando os actores atentos à vantagem estratégica que os recursos tecnocientíficos poderiam conferir ao desfecho do conflito, configurou-se a tecnociência simultaneamente enquanto vantagem geopolítica (eg ‘era nuclear’) quanto como lobby nos circuitos da política científica das nações preponderantes, instrumentalizando o argumento original da defesa, independência e interesse nacional. Consequência determinante foi a dificuldade subsequente de destrinçar a ciência civil da tecnologia militar, inexoravelmente vinculadas, legando um viés em termos de agenda de pesquisa, sendo evidentes inclusive os efeitos perversos dessa crescente interacção da agenda militar com a agenda cognitiva.

 

84. Mecanismos emancipatorios de interacción Ciencia/Sociedad: ciencia para la transformación social.
Organizers: ximena Gonzalez Broquen,
Language: E/S/P
El panel tiene como meta reflexionar acerca de cómo de generar en la praxis mecanismos emancipatorios de interacción Ciencia/Sociedad, que permitan impulsar el desarrollo de una ciencia y tecnología soberana, pertinente y situada, enfocada en la generación de respuestas concretas y acordes con a las necesidades país, a partir de la interacción entre conocimientos científicos-tecnológicos y conocimientos de las comunidades de sus propias realidades, necesidades, problemáticas y fortalezas. Este planteamiento responde a dos problemas fundamentales. Por una parte, a la insuficiente vinculación Ciencia/Necesidades País, la cual está sustentada en una histórica desarticulación de la praxis científica de la realidad sociopolítica y también en algunos casos, de la realidad socioproductiva. Por otra parte, a la inadecuación de la formación científica académica, la cual no integra suficientemente la dimensión social transformadora del conocimiento, y por ende no genera los mecanismos de base necesarios para la consolidación de una praxis científica responsable vinculada con las necesidades país, y la generación de conocimientos situados y contextualizados. Para tales fines se plantea presentar como nucleo generador del panel, el proyecto piloto “ciencia Adentro” desarrollado desde Venezuela, el cual se plantea justamente enfrentar estos retos insertándose directamente en comunidades organizadas a cuadros científicos de diferentes instituciones adscritas al Ministerio de Ciencia, tecnología e Innovación.

 

85. Design/Think with care, STS & local issues
Organizers: Tania Perez-Bustos, Maria Fernanda Olarte Sierra and Andrea Botero
Language: E/S/P
Recent developments around the category of care, mostly coming from feminist scholarship (Puig de la Bellacasa, 2010, 2012; Haraway, 2007, Singleton 2012, Rose, 1983, Suchman, 2011) allows us to think with and about care from a variety of scenarios and practices that go well beyond particular occupations like healthcare, maintenance or reproductive labour, to mention but a few of the more common scenarios associated with care. These developments suggest that, potentially, care can be found in many other different contexts; rendering it valuable looking glass especially when caring seems to be out of place, superfluous or absent (Puig de la Bellacasa 2011). We believe this more general approach to care might help to illuminate many issues, which are of interest to STS in recent years, specially as it articulates and influences other fields of knowledge. Because of that, this session aims at gathering contributions that are interested in thinking with care as a central STS topic. We envisioned amongst other things that “care” can be a central category to collaborative and participatory design of social technologies, when addressing locally based social engagements that connect producers, consumers and nature-culture arrangements in new communicative configurations/networks as well as sustainability of natural and knowledge commons and so forth (e.g. food production, traditional knowledge embedded in handicrafts, small scale cooperatives, media initiatives for social change, etc). From our perspective these scenarios are crosscut by utopian intentions, and futures making practices in which scientific and technological knowledge is a de-centered mediated component. Thus “understanding matters of care” (Puig de la Bellacasa, 2010) might help us identify more precisely the transformative and repairing potential that exits (or not) in S&T as well as the possible ways to deal with affections, interdependencies, marginality and precarization within expert knowledge production. All these which are worth exploring in the field.

 

86. Mediating Political Participation
Organizers: Maria Vidart-Delgado
Language: E/S/P
Democracy requires the participation of citizens. But, participation is not an easy concept to define, nor a practice that takes just one form. Depending on the media that citizens use to coordinate political action, or to exchange political information, participation looks differently. Publics organized around issues, distributed across different media platforms and territorial scales may or may not constitute a citizenry in dialogue with the state of rights. For example, participating in a town hall meeting, voting, “clicktivism,” or following a political issue through newsmedia or social media, just to name a few, entail different modes of communication, require different forms of political involvement, and result in different forms of consensus and debate. Moreover, participation is mediated. Experts design, produce and manage the spaces and media for participation. This panel looks at the expert practices and agendas deployed in the design and implementation of different participation technologies. We explore the moral ideals that inform the expert practices at work in shaping media platforms and the political technologies for citizen participation. By paying especial attention to the practices, expertise, and knowledge transfer mediating the design and administration of these participation technologies, this panel explores the different meanings that familiar democratic concepts (such as citizen, rights, duties, consensus and authority, for example) have in a multimedia political landscape. Furthermore, by understanding these participation technologies as the result of specific expert ecologies, this panel seeks to complicate dichotomist notions of media as either amplifiers of the established power(s), or ideal spontaneous horizontal participative spaces. Rather, we examine the complex intersections of moral imaginations, practical imperatives, and pragmatic calculations that shape the design, administration and use of these political technologies. Conversely, we question how the very materiality and operation logics of these political technologies challenge or reaffirm political intentions.

 

87. In Search of "lines of flights" with / in / to / for / by Latin America and Elsewhere
Organizers: Ivan da Costa Marques, Javiera Barandiaran
Language: E/S/P
Reliable knowledge today is strongly identified with scientific knowledge. The overwhelming majority of scientific facts and artifacts, however, are produced in the North. They are supposed to arrive in Latin America and other parts of the world as stable forms (as ready objects) that cause impact (diffusion theory). In this view, modern sciences from the West continue to travel around the world endowed with attributes of universality and neutrality. Oftentimes Latin Americans take for granted that it makes no sense to try to challenge Western scientific knowledge, and other times Western science is used to confine the search for alternative solutions to Latin Americans’ practical problems. For example, in the name of science, the Brazilian Association of Nutritionists opposed local habits of nutrition that are found effective by large parts of the Brazilian population to nourish their children. Despite the primacy of Western scientific knowledge, STS scholars of democracy have shown that the public credibility of scientific knowledge results from political and cultural processes. Societies have institutionalized “ways of knowing” whether certain risks are acceptable or not, or what counts as proof in courts or policy-making. Called “civic epistemologies” by Sheila Jasanoff, these channels for scientific participation in government shape practices related to accountability, transparency, participation and representation. What institutions have Latin American democracies developed to cope with legacies of dictatorship and tensions between local and foreign policies and knowledges? How do Western scientific knowledge and liberal democratic ideals shape Latin American government? How does Western science, produced locally or abroad, participate in Latin American civic epistemologies? This panel welcomes papers about programs, policies and/or controversies involving conflicts between Western scientific knowledge and local knowledge.

 

88. "Next Generation" Technologies: Expectations, Continuities, and Governance
Organizers: Jason Delborne
Language: E
Enthusiasm for technological solutions to major social challenges would seem to be threatened by shortcomings and outright failures within families of technologies, such as genetic engineering/GMOs, biofuels, and nuclear power. Instead, narratives that surround "next generation" technologies offer promises of lessons learned, hopes for new performance, and confidence in the "evolution" of technology. How are such expectations constructed and managed? What continuities are important in the development and management of successive technological generations? And what are the implications for governance when regulatory frameworks do not keep pace with technology updates? We welcome historical or contemporary case studies, investigations of metaphors relating to innovation, policy analyses of "evolving" technologies, and theoretical treatments that provide insight to this theme.

 

89. What’s in a seed? The clash between commodified and peasants’ knowledge through the lens of critical theory
Organizers: Renata Motta, Carla Poth
Language: E/S/P
The patenting of scientific knowledge over genetic material has been a main cause of concern for the anti-GMOs movement (Schurman and Munro 2010). At the center of the dispute are different conceptions of knowledge over nature. On the one hand, there is applied scientific knowledge in form of bioengineered seeds, commodified in a patent and marketed as any technological product, with promises of innovation, standardization and efficiency. On the other hand, there is indigenous and peasant knowledge over seeds, as diverse as ecosystems and cultural practices constructed around them are; these are in public domain. How to research the disputes between these different types of knowledge of nature? The idea of commodification, adopted by critical theory, seems plausible. Indeed, recently, critical social theory has also taken up this issue of patenting over seeds. Building on Karl Polanyi’s work, "The Great Transformation", Nancy Fraser (2012) has used this example to make the argument of an ecological dimension of the present capitalist crisis in which biotechnology generates new means of commodification of nature, that alters its very grammar. As advocates of neoliberal capitalism attempt to create a “fictitious commodity”, namely, a result of a movement of commodification, they unleashed a counter-movement of resistance to it. What are the consequences of commodification in different types of knowledge construction? How do these diverse types of knowledge of nature come into conflict? Which asymmetries are reproduced and recreated in these conflicts? How to analyse these disputes? This panel would like to invite scholars who work with these issues to exchange their theoretical and/or empirical work on the clash between different knowledge over seeds. Reference: Fraser, Nancy. 2012. ‘Can Society Be Commodities All the Way down? Polanyan Reflections on Capitalist Crisis’. FMSH-WP-2012-18. http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/72/50/60/PDF/FMSH-WP-2012-18_Fraser2.pdf

 

90. Aportes de la teoría crítica de la tecnología para la evaluación tecnológica
Organizers: Gustavo Giuliano, Fernando Tula Molina
Language: E/S/P
Coexisten en la actualidad diferentes formas de entender a la tecnología y al proceso tecnológico. En tanto que la innovación tecnológica ocupa un lugar de relevancia en las sociedades actuales, tal diversidad de enfoques no es inocua en cuanto a que las apreciaciones que se derivan de una u otra posición, pueden diferir ampliamente en las formas y mecanismos de abordaje y, por ende, en sus consecuencias. La teoría crítica de la tecnología de Andrew Feenberg propone un abordaje que no se basa sólo en el estudio de las características técnicas de los artefactos, sino que incluye un análisis más amplio que intenta dar cuenta del complejo de conocimientos, habilidades, valores y condiciones socioculturales implicadas en la génesis de los objetos técnicos. La riqueza subyacente en este abordaje contiene elementos singulares que lo diferencian de otras escuelas como el determinismo, el sustantivismo o el instrumentalismo. El objetivo general de esta mesa interdisciplinar se centra en conocer y discutir propuestas que estudien la teoría crítica de la tecnología en sus alcances estratégicos y normativos. De esta forma se espera enriquecer dicha teoría profundizando sobre su pertinencia para realizar estudios de evaluación de la innovación y la gestión de proyectos de base tecno-científica en el marco de los lineamientos medioambientales, económicos y sociales enunciados por la sustentabilidad ampliada. En este sentido, se invita a la comunidad académica a presentar tanto aportes teórico-analíticos como de estudios empíricos de caso, tanto provenientes de las ciencias sociales y humanas como de las ciencias naturales y de la ingeniería, que contribuyan al objetivo general enunciado.

 

91. Science in schools
Organizers: David Stroupe
Language: E/S/P
The places where science happens matters for what science is done and the knowledge it produces. While studies of place and science often explore “typical” sites of practice, such as laboratories, this session will focus on overlooked spaces – schools and classrooms. As more schools (both universities and K-12) call for students to learn science practice rather than memorize facts and processes, the expectations for how teachers and students work together on science change. Subsequently, if the teacher’s job is no longer to merely deliver information, and students are required to “do” science, the epistemic roles of teachers and students also evolve over time. Therefore, opportunities to redefine science teaching and learning in schools are emerging across disciplinary fields. This session welcomes papers that examine issues around teaching and learning science practice in schools, and relationships between science in schools and science in the “real world”. Proposals could include ideas about:• Issues of novice/expert – who gets to decide “what counts” as science practice in a school and why?• What is the role of students and teachers in undergraduate research projects? Are students merely technicians, or can/should they be allowed more epistemic agency?• How do teachers train students to become experts in emerging science fields that have not yet established epistemic criteria?• Can students become “citizen scientists” through classroom projects, and how can/should such science inform practitioners?• How do scientists inform the science practice of schools, and how do schools shape the work of practicing scientists?