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Newsletter of the Society for Social Studies of Science

Spring 1998, Volume 11, Number 2 
Managing Editor: Jongwon Park, Executive Editors: John Hultberg, Merle Jacob

4S/ESAC Joint Meeting: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Nature
Calls for Papers
Workshops and Conferences
Program Announcement
Grants and Fellowship
Electronic Communications
General Announcement
Fieldnotes: Arizona Action: The Birth of a 4S Activist Caucus by Sujatha Raman
Opinion: Waking up to Science Studies in the "New" University


Dear STSers.

We are fast approaching the Halifax meeting which promises to be an exciting event, judging from the preliminary program (at http://plant.mta.ca/~ssss/). This issue of Technoscience is a little special in its composition in that even as it features the programme and other bits of vital information about the Halifax meeting, it is also a retrospective on selected moments of the Tucson meeting. The Fieldnotes column is devoted to one of the special events at Tucson, i.e. the formation of the activist Caucus. We also have a report on another of the Tucson sessions that we felt would be of special interest, i.e. the session on doing STS in other fields. We are especially proud of the coherence of the moments of the Tucson meeting with the promised developments at Halifax. Needless to say that in addition to all the conference retro and prospectives, this issue of Technoscience comes chock full with the usual bits and pieces of news that are the lifeblood of the Newsletter.

Back at the Technoscience home page we have made some small changes as part of the ongoing effort to make the page more up-to-date (but still no moving objects). We have as promised at the Tucson meeting, done an update of the page in between issues, the idea is to supplement the paper with a web page that is more current. To make this possible we rely on you as readers to supply us with information on what's going on at your location. And don't forget that the STS e-mail list is a discussion forum that fills in the gaps between conferences and we strongly urge you all to join the list. Subscriptions to this list can be made at http://scistud.umkc.edu/sts/.

You can contact us at:

John Hultberg, Associate Professor, College of Health and Caring Sciences, Medical Faculty, Göteborg University, Box 418, S-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden, Tel: 46-31-7735714, Fax: 46-31-7735700 Web: http://viktor.ufhs.gu.se/john E-mail: john.hultberg@ufhs.gu.se

Merle Jacob, Research Fellow, Department of Theory of Science and Research, Göteborgs University, PO Box 200, 405 30 Göteborg, SWEDEN, Tel: 46-31-773-1920 Fax: 46-31-773-4723 E-mail: biosphere@vest.gu.se Opinion pieces, conference reports, ideas for debates, and critical commentaries should be sent to us directly.

More routine announcements should be sent to the managing editor, Jongwon Park, School of Public Policy, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA 30332-0345, USA. Fax:404-894-0535. E-Mail: Technoscience@mgt-sun2.iac.gatech.edu

As you will see on the back of this issue, it is now possible for non-US residents with a VISA credit card to apply for membership to 4S by e-mail. It is also the address that members should use to make inquiries about their subscriptions and notify the society about changes of address: acadsvc@aol.com. Subscribers to 4S automatically receive Technoscience (3/yr) and the society journal, Science, Technology & Human Values (4/yr).

To find out the latest on the burning issues and breaking news in the world of science studies, subscribe to the sci-tech-studies network. To do so, send a message of 'subscribe sts YOURNAME' to mailserv@cctr.umkc.edu. To send a message to the network, post it to sts@cctr.umkc.edu. Readers of Technoscience are hereby permitted to reprint any articles in this (and other issues) for educational purposes.


"Science, Technology and The Rise of Nature"

4S/ESAC Joint Meeting


Hotel Halifax,

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Conference Website: http://plant.mta.ca/~ssss/

A Letter from the Program Committee Chair

A cursory glance at either the contents of the major STS journals or the programs of past 4S conferences shows that a disproportionate amount of research is conducted on a relatively few types of scientific and technological practice -- physics; biology and biotechnology; computers and various computer related matters; etc. The selection of this year's theme and the decision to hold a joint meeting with the Environmental Studies Association of Canada was predicated upon the belief that these two scholarly communities, which have traditionally existed in relative isolation from one another, could each benefit from access to the perspectives of the other. For individuals interested in environmental issues, the science studies perspective provides a useful framework for understanding the conflicting claims of scientific experts and the ambiguous role of science in illuminating problems or resolving conflicts about the environment. For individuals interested in science and technology, environmental science displays a number of distinctive features (i.e., features not present in physics or the other typical STS research sites) which throw issues of science, technology and scientific knowledge into particularly sharp relief.

While the present program has significantly expanded the portion devoted to environmental topics (from a few sessions in Tucson to roughly 25% of the program in Halifax), the traditional diversity of topics has also been retained. Although the program has a sizable number of participants (over 250) we have done our best to both minimize the number of sessions scheduled at the same time (typically 6) and maximize the amount of time available for presentations (typically 4 presentations in a 2 hour session). Moreover, in the spirit of friendliness that Nova Scotia is famous for, we have incorporated several receptions into the program. Special thanks are extended to the Halifax area universities (Saint Mary's, Dalhousie, and University of King's College) for their financial sponsorship of these events. As always, the production of an event such as this requires the labor of many, and I would like to personally express my thanks to them for their efforts: past, present and future. We feel that that the program has much to offer, not only for those interested in the intersection of STS with environmental issues, but also for those interested in the vast array of other STS topics. We hope you agree.

The preliminary program and the following information on accommodation and registration is currently online at http://www.mta.ca/4S98/ Please share this information with your colleagues. It should be emphasized that the program is an evolving document. Indeed, the copy of the program printed here is the May 23 version of the web document and does not incorporate changes made after that date (i.e., it predates the electronic notification to participants and does not incorporate any changes resulting from that notification). Please inform me as soon as possible about cancellations, updates, etc. at glb@unb.ca. Changes will be incorporated into the web document on an ongoing basis. Copies of the abstracts and session glosses written by organizers and/or members of the Program Committee will also be added over the summer. In short, the web document will continue to evolve and it should be consulted for the most up to date information.


Registration is being handled by Conventional Wisdom Event Planning, a Halifax based conference facilitation company (6496 Liverpool Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3L 1Y4; Tel: (902) 453-4664; Fax: (902) 423-5232; Email: katefin@chebucto.ns.ca A copy of the registration form is included at the last page of this issue of Technoscience. Additional copies are available at the conference web site: http://plant.mta.ca/4S98/ Identify the information as dealing with the Social Studies of Science Conference and fax or mail it to Conventional Wisdom at the above address. The conference registration fees ($60 for 4S or ESAC members who are students/unwaged/scholars from developing countries, $120 for 4S or ESAC faculty members) are in Canadian dollars ($1 Can = approx. 70 cents US). Please note that these fees increase substantially if you do not register early (i.e., faxes sent or letters postmarked before September 15, 1998).


The conference has reserved a block of rooms at the Hotel Halifax, a member of the Canadian Pacific chain which has been internationally recognized for its pioneering efforts in "greening" the hotel industry. 1919 Barrington Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 1P2. Tel: (902)425-6700; (800) 441-1414 (toll free in the U.S. and Canada); Fax: (902) 492-6405. Please identify yourself as attending the Society for Social Studies of Science conference to ensure you receive the special conference rate of $119.00 plus tax per night (1$ Can = approx. $0.70 U.S.). International visitors can claim a refund on the 15% tax (HST) on their accommodation. Forms for this purpose are available at the hotel. To ensure these rates, reservations must by made by September 15, 1998. After that time reservations will be accepted on a space available basis only.

Students accommodations are available at the Lord Nelson Hotel, 1515 South Park Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 2L2 Tel: (902) 423-6331; Fax: (902) 423-7148. Please identify yourself as attending the Society for Social Studies of Science conference to ensure you receive the special conference rate of $89.00 plus tax per night. To ensure these rates, reservations must by made by September 15, 1998.

Tours and Tourist Information

Sunday morning has been reserved for optional tours. Details on specific destinations and costs will be provided at a later date.

Nova Scotia Tourist Information can be reached at Tel: (800) 565-0000 or (902) 490-5946; Fax: (902) 490-5973 for a complete listing of accommodation and tourist travel information.

Halifax International Airport

Halifax is serviced by Air Canada, Canadian Airlines, Iceland Air, Business Express, Continental Airlines, Canada 3000, Air Transit and Royal Airlines and has direct air service from the following international and US gateways: Boston, Newark, London-LHR, Munich, Rejkyavik, Stuttgart, Dusseldorf and Hamburg. US flights transit easily via Boston, Montreal, Newark, Toronto or Ottawa.

The Halifax International Airport is located approximately 30 minutes from the city. Airport Shuttlebuses are available at a cost of $12.00 one way or $20.00 return ticket. Cab fees are approximately $35.65.

Discount Car & Truck Rental

Discount would be pleased to offer all attending members special conference rates:

Type of Vehicle Daily Rate and Kms

Compact $31.00 Unlimited kms

Mid Size $34.00 Unlimited kms

Full Size $39.00 Unlimited kms

Premium $48.00 Unlimited kms

7 Passenger Van $54.00 / 300 Free Kms / $0.15 per km excess

These rates are based on 24 hour rental and do not include insurance coverage or 15% HST. In order to receive the conference rates, identify yourself as an attending the 4S conference when booking your reservation through the reservation center at 800-263-2355 or e-mail address: discount.cars@ns.sympatico.ca


Autumn in Halifax can be beautifully sunny with high temperatures about 15 C (60 F), or rainy,

damp and cool with temperatures about 3 C (36 F) or somewhere in between.

Conference Exhibits

Persons or companies interested in exhibiting at this meeting should contact Conventional Wisdom

Event Planning (902) 453-4664 for exhibit information.



Preliminary Program as of May 23, 1998

Wednesday October 28

Registration 17:00-22:00

Council Meeting 18:00-20:00


Thursday October 29

Registration continues throughout the day and the conference.


Session Group 1: Thursday, 8:30-10:30am

1.1 Epistemology

Jason T. Congdon, R.P.I.,U.S.A ,
For an epistemological public sphere? An inquiry into the practical efficacy of standpoint theory

Francis Remedios, University of Louvain, Belgium,
On the Legitimation of Scientific Knowledge: Goldman's and Fuller's Social Epistemologies?

Ullica Segerstrale, Illinois Tech, & Valery Cholakov, University of Illinois, U.S.A.,
Deluge from the Skies: The Surprising Rise of Catastrophism

Ernst Schraube, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany,
Psychologies of Technology

Dusan I. Bjelic, University of Southern Maine, U.S.A.,
St. Foucault, St.Garfinkel and the Quest for Methodological Ascesis

1.2 Disciplinary Development

Lawrence Burton and Linda E. Parker, NSF, U.S.A.,
Environmental Engineering as an Evolving Occupation and Educational Field

Lisa Frehill, New Mexico State University, U.S.A.,
The Gendered Construction of the Engineering Profession in the United States

Olga Amsterdamska, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
The Laboratory and the Field: British Epidemiological Research, 1890-1940

Scott Frickel, University of Wisconsin-Madison, U.S.A.,
Opportunity Structures and Local Institutional Context in the Formation of Genetic Toxicology

1.3 Anthropology of Biomedicine

Organizer: David Hess

Linda Hogle, Wayne State University, U.S.A.,
Human Biological Materials and the Medical 'Commons'

Denise L. Spitzer, University of Alberta, Canada,
Whose Body? Women, Biomedicine and Menopause

Torin M. Monahan, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Envisioning the Place of Vision Therapy in Managed Care Programs

David Hess, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Changing Configurations of Research Programs within a Field: The Case of Cancer Research

1.4 Technology and Power

Johan Hedren, University of Linköping, Sweden,
Social Theory in Light of the Swedish Nuclear Power Debate

Jason W. Patton, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Building the Disciplinary Infrastructure: Gunfire Location Systems and Community Politics

Alf Hornborg, Lund University, Sweden,
The Zero-Sum Essence of the Machine: Technology as an Institution for Redistributing Human Time and Natural Space

Samer Alatout, Cornell University, U.S.A.,
Water and Identity Politics: From Zionist Abundance to Israeli Scarcity

1.5 Religion and Science

Organiser: Robert Campbell, University College of Cape Breton, Canada

Robert A. Campbell, University College of Cape Breton, Canada
A Sociological Perspective on the Relationship between Religion and Science

William Stahl, University of Regina, Canada,
Finding a Place at the Table: STS and the Science/Religion Debate

Lorne Dawson, University of Waterloo, Canada,
Science in the Mirror of the New Religious Consciousness

1.6 Risk, Uncertainty and Local Action

Barbara L. Allen, University of Southwestern Louisiana, U.S.A.,
Teaching Others to Speak: Citizen-Expert Constructions of Science and Technology in Cancer Alley

Hugh Gusterson, M.I.T., U.S.A.,
How Not to Construct a Radioactive Waste Incinerator

Jennifer Fishman, University of California, San Francisco, U.S.A.,
Risk Assessment and Resistance in an "At Risk" Community

W.F.Lawless, Paine College and Teresa Castelão, Grand Valley State, U.S.A.,
Virtual Knowledge: Uncertainty Relations and Environmental Clean-up


Session Group 2: Thursday, 10:45-12:45

2.1 How Science Reckons Place

Organizers: Tom Gieryn and Todd Paddock

Tom Gieryn, Indiana University, U.S.A.,
Standardizing the Place of Research: How Laboratories Become Equivalent

Christopher Henke, University of California, San Diego, U.S.A.,
Networks in Place: Science and Agribusiness in a Built Agricultural Environment

Todd Paddock, Indiana University, U.S.A.,
When Your Hometown Becomes a Bioreserve: How the Nature Conservancy and Local Residents Value the Same 'Place'

Stephen Zehr, University of Southern Indiana, U.S.A.,
Reckoning Place When the Problem is Global: Scientists in Climate Change Controversies

Wesley Shrum, Lousiana State University,
Science and Story: Style and Social Formation in Third World Agriculture

2.2 Drugs in Action

Organiser: Stefan Timmermans,
Discussant: Julia Loughlin, Syracuse, U.S.A.

Stefan Timmermans and Valerie Leiter, Brandeis University, U.S.A.,
Thalidomide and DES: A Struggle for Redemption

Emilie Gomart, École des Mines, France,
Seized by Methadone: An Experimentation on Freedom and Causes at the Blue Clinic

Jennifer L. Croissant, University of Arizona, U.S.A.,
Natural Bodies and Herbal Analogues: Rhetorics of Nature, Purity, and Safety in Performance Pharmaceuticals and Bodybuilding Contests

Janice Graham, Dalhousie University, Canada,
Measuring and Treating the Unknown: Reifying Terra Incognita

2.3 Sociology and Economics of Science

Organizer: Michel Callon
Participants and titles to be confirmed

2.4 Sustainable Development

Ineke Lock and Naomi Krogman, University of Alberta, Canada,
The Treatment of Social Justice in Sustainable Development Literature

Richard Isnor, Environment Canada, Canada,
Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

Manju Ravindra, York, Canada,
Integrating Science and Sustainability in the Coastal Zone - A Biosphereserve for Southwestern Nova Scotia?

Lidiya Kavunenko, National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine,
Harmonization of "man-environment" interaction: Sociological evaluations.

2.5 Discourse Strategies

Bjorn-Ola Linnr, University of Linköping, Sweden,
Science and Conservation Ideology in the Early Postwar Years

Carl-Henry Geschwind, George Washington University, U.S.A.,
Natural Hazards as Constructed Social Problems: The Case of Earthquake Awareness in California, 1906-1933

Léa Velho and Paul Velho, Indiana, U.S.A., and Campinas, Brazil,
Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs): Can a New Concept Change Old Practices?

Ullica Segerstrale, Illinois Tech, U.S.A.,
Moral One-Upmanship in Science or How E.O.Wilson Was Able To Move from 'Bad' Sociobiologist to'Good' Environmentalist and Beat His Enemies at their Own Game

2.6 STS in Canada Roundtable

Bart Simon, Queens University, Canada

Patrick Feng, R.P.I., U.S.A.

R. Steven Turner, University of New Brunswick, Canada

Gordon McOuat, Dalhousie University, Canada

Others, TBA


Session Group 3: Thursday, 2:00-4:00

3.1 Science, Scientism and Sustainability

Organizers: Steve Breyman and Jeff Howard;
Chair/Discussant: Steve Breyman,

Presenters: Steve Breyman, RPI, USA,
Science, Local Knowledge, and Precaution in the U.S. Environmental Movement

Katherine Barrett, UBC, Canada,
Carolyn Raffensperger, Science and Environmental Health Network,
Precautionary Science

Joe Thornton, Columbia, U.S.A.,
The Role of Science in Precautionary Policy

Jeff Howard, Texas, U.S.A.,
The Precautionary Principle and the Environmental Movement's Struggle with Scientism

3.2 Field and Lab

Jason Owen-Smith, University of Arizona, U.S.A.,
But We're All Brain People: Evaluations, Expectations, And Influence in a Neuroscience Research Group

Kelly Nordin, University of Victoria, Canada,
Natural Encounters: The Experiences of Biology Undergraduate Students at a Field Station

Léa Velho, Indiana/U.S.A., and Eliana Nogueira, Campinas, Brazil,
When a Lab is not a Lab

G. Michael Bowen, University of Victoria, Canada,
Translating the Lifeworlds of Lizards: From Umwelt to Anthropomorphic Constructs in Ecological Fieldwork

3.3 Organism or Environment

João Arriscado Nunes, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal,
Ecologies of Cancer: Constructing the Environment in Oncobiology

Jason Scott Robert, McMaster University, Canada,
Human Health and Environmental Health: A Review of Central Conceptual and Ethical Issues

Monica J. Casper and Vivian A. Christensen, University of California, Santa Cruz, U.S.A.,
Toxic Bodies: Theorizing Health and Illness in a Chemical World

Marilia Coutinho, University of Brasilia,
The Right Organism - But Which Job?

3.4 Climate Change

Dale Jamieson, University of Colorado, U.S.A.,
the polluted pay

Mark Lutes, York University, Canada,
Knowledge and climate Change Policy: Science vs. Economics?

Anita Krajnc, University of Toronto, Canada,
Learning and Global Climate Change: The Role of Scientists And the Environment Movement

Gary Bowden, University of New Brunswick, Canada,
On Human Adaptation to Climate Change: What the Greenland Norse tell us about the Kyoto Negotiations

3.5 Social Constructionism and Educational Technology

Chair/Organiser: David Shutkin;
Discussant: Suzanne de Castell, Simon Fraser University, Canada

Suzanne K. Damarin, Ohio State, U.S.A.,
Social Constructivism as a Guiding Theory: Is it Good for Education?

Todor Kafala, Ohio State, U.S.A.,
Against Toy Worlds and Radical Constructivist Notions of Digital Representation

Doug MacBeth, Ohio State, U.S.A.,
The local order of situated action

David Shutkin, Ohio State, U.S.A.,
The Reduction of the Other to the Same in the Constructivist Discourse on Education and Technology

3.6 Authors, Owners, Users: Knowledge from the Fringe I

Organisers: Wenda Bauschpies, R.P.I. U.S.A., Marianne de Laet, Columbia/Utrecht, Joe Dumit, Dibner Institute;

Elizabeth P. Shea, University of Texas at El Paso, U.S.A.,
Semiotic Sluts, Genes Outside the Control of Authors and Owners

Marianne de Laet, Columbia/Utrecht
Users of Patents: Another Intellectual Property Mode

Ted Metcalfe, M.I.T., U.S.A.,


Session Group 4: Thursday, 4:15-6:15

4.1 Author Meets Critics: Peter Galison
Image and Logic

Organizers: Alfred Nordmann, University of South Carolina, U.S.A.
Davis Baird, University of South Carolina, U.S.A.,

Author: Peter Galison, Harvard, U.S.A.

James Elkins, Chicago Institute of Art, U.S.A.

Kent Staley, University of Arkansas, U.S.A

Mark Cohen, UCLA, U.S.A.

Karen Knorr Cetina, Bielefeld, Germany

4.2 Citizen Participation in Environmental Decision-Making

Jon Fixdal, University of Oslo, and Matthias Kaiser, National Committee for Research Ethics in Science and Technology, Norway,
Key Issues in Public Participation in Environmental Policy - Reflections Based on a Comparison of Canadian Roundtables and Danish Consensus Conferences

Patrick Feng, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Technoscientific Decision-Making: What Role for PIRGs?

Arlette van der Kolk, Department of Science, Technology and Society,Utrecht University
Involvement of local actors in environmental management in the Netherlands

Karolina Isaksson, Linköping University, Sweden,
Power in Planning: The exercise of power in a Swedish agreement concerning technology and environment

4.3 The City of Scientific Construction

Reid M. Helford, Loyola University of Chicago, U.S.A.,
Restoring the Chicago Wilderness: Expertise And the Production of Appropriate Urban Nature

Jens Lachmund, Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung, Germany,
Mapping Urban Nature: Ecological Mapping of German Cities, 1975-1998

Massimo Mazzotti, University of Edinburgh, U.K.,
The Painter and the Engineer: Inventing the Neapolitan Romantic Landscape

Peter Fargey, York University, Canada,
Selling Wilderness: Banff National Park as Urban Space

Karin Bijsterveld, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands,
Quiet Please: Noise Control in European Cities and the Cultural Meaning of Sound, 1900-1940

4.4 Body and Person in Virtual Space

T. L. Taylor, Brandeis University, U.S.A.,
'Binding the Pair': Embodiment in Virtual Spaces

Sean Dale Zdenek, Carnegie Mellon University, U.S.A.,
Encoding Gender in Software Systems: Bots And the Julia Problem

Jennifer Brayton, University of New Brunswick, Canada,
Virtual Sexualities: The Construction of Sexual Identity in Cinematic Representations of Virtual Reality Technologies.

George S. Rigakos, Saint Mary's University, Canada,
Selling Surveillance: The Technologies of Private Policing

4.5 Authors, Owners, Users: Knowledge from the Fringe II

Organisers: Wenda Bauschpies, R.P.I., Marianne de Laet, Columbia/Utrecht, Joe Dumit, Dibner Institute;

Wenda Bauchspies, R.P.I , U.S.A.,
None of the above: science, knowledge and women

Joseph Dumit, Dibner Institute
Biology is Elsewhere: Cutting-Edge Evidence, New Social Movements, and Illnesses You Have to Fight to Get

Chris Kelty, M.I.T., U.S.A.
Turning Data into Information...The Future of Healthcare Information

Discussant: Hannah Landecker, M.I.T., U.S.A.

4.6 Legal Reasoning in Science

William P. Nelson, University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A.,
Dangerous Inquiries: Lawyer Management Of Scientific Research within the Tobacco Industry

Lester de Souza, University of Toronto, Canada,
Internormativity and the emergent Environment or Environmental Norms in Emergent Pluralist Contexts

Claire Polster, University of Regina, Canada,
Private Property/Public Science: Exploring the Implications Of Intellectual Property Regimes for the Production of Public Knowledge and Knowledge in the Public Interest

Sara Jain, University of California, Santa Cruz, U.S.A.,
Migrant Farm Workers, Back-Breaking Labor, and The Short-Handled Hoe


Reception hosted by Saint Mary's University 6:30-9:00

Friday, October 30

ST&HV Editorial Board Meeting 7:15-8:30


Session Group 5 Friday, 8:30-10:30

5.1 Socio-Technical Change

Nicole Farkas and David Levinger, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
The Research Institute for the Study of the 15th Street Crosswalk: Report No. 1

Pablo J. Boczkowski and Trevor Pinch, Cornell University, U.S.A.,
Future and Remembering the Past: A Comparison of Methodological Issues Arising from the Study of Web Newspapers and the Moog Synthesizer

Jarle Broosveet, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway,
IT Highways and Byways: Why a Canadian Model Failed in Norway

Wiebe Bijker, University of Maastricht, and Rob Hagendijk, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
Coastal Engineering and Environmentalism: Changing Technological Frames in the Controversy Over the Closing of the Eastern Scheldt, The Netherlands

David McGee, Dibner Institute for the History of Science and Technology, U.S.A.
Object Lessons: The Prehistoric Turn in the Early Anthropology of Technology

5.2 Modelling and Simulation

Martina Merz, Universität Bielefeld, Germany,
Warranting Knowledge: How Computer Simulation Work is Validated in Physics

Robert E. Rosenwein, Lehigh University, & Michael Gorman, University of Virginia, U.S.A.,
SIMSCI as a simulation of social epistemology: a research report

Stephen D. Norton, University of Maryland, U.S.A.,
Scientific Modelling and Detection of the "Ozone Hole"

Benjamin Sims, University of California, San Diego, U.S.A.,
"Scientific Research in a Construction Environment": Testing and the Organization of Work in Earthquake Engineering

Jeroen P. van der Sluijs, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Problem structuring in Integrated Environmental Assessment

5.3 Research Programs: Assessment and Evaluation

Organiser: Frans van den Beemt, Dutch Technology Foundation, The Netherlands

Dr. Irene Scullion, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, U.K.,
Business Planning and Evaluation in EPSRC

Linda E. Parker, National Science Foundation, U.S.A.,
Effects of corporate changes on industry-university links

Frans van den Beemt, Dutch Technology Foundation, The Netherlands
A new kind of research programming. The formation of research programs based on visibility and coordination unlinked of financial allocation. The Dutch Technology Programs since January 1997.

Juan D. Rogers & Barry Bozeman, Georgia Tech, U.S.A.,
Knowledge Value User Networks: A "use-and-transformation" approach to the evaluation of R&D

5.4 Hard/Soft Knowledge

Ian D. Coulter, School of Dentistry, UCLA &RAND, U.S.A.,
The Increasing Role of Scientific Knowledge in the Mainstreaming of Manipulation: The Case of Chiropractic

Constance Perin, M.I.T., U.S.A.,
'Hard' and 'Soft' Knowledge in High Hazard Industries

Carol Corbin, University College of Cape Breton, Canada,
Discursive Constraints in Fisheries Science and the Collapse of the Cod Fishery in Atlantic Canada

Cheryl Bartlett, University College of Cape Breton, Canada,
Incorporating Indigenous Knowledge into the Post-Secondary Science Curriculum

Christopher Fletcher, Saint Mary's University, Canada,
Ill-defined: research and contested meanings in the science of Environmental Sensitivities"

5.5 Science and Public Policy

Scott Frickel, University of Wisconsin-Madison, U.S.A.,
Disciplining Environmentalism: Scientist Activism in the Formation of Genetic and Environmental Toxicology

Richard Barke, Georgia Tech, Hank Jenkins-Smith & Carol Silva, University of New Mexico, U.S.A.,
Translating Scientific Knowledge into Policy Recommendations: The Role of Scientists' Values

Cornelis Disco, University of Twente, The Netherlands,
Reviving "nature." Reinventing water into Dutch culture

Camilla Hermansson, Linkoping University, Sweden,
From Radical System Critique Towards Liberalisation of the Environmental Issues: A Study on how a Lifestyle Oriented Discourse concerning Environmental Issues has Grown in Sweden between 1970-1997

5.6 Development of Environmental Expertise

Kirsten Asdal, University of Oslo, Norway,
To Take a Hold on the Environmental Field

Yngve Nilsen, University of Oslo, Norway,
The oil industry as an actor in environmental politics

Sissel Myklebust, University of Oslo, Norway,
Modern Expertise - an Obstacle to Politics?

K. Schulte Fischedick, Utrecht, The Netherlands,
The New Naturalists, datafarmers or experts?

Brian Wynne, Lancaster, U.K.,

Session Group 6 Friday, 10:45-12:45

6.1 The Market as an Epistemic Institution

Organizer: Alexandru Preda, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Presider: Karin Knorr Cetina, University of Bielefeld, Germany

Alexandru Preda, University of Bielefeld,
Textual Practices and the Structures of Economic Action

Karin Knorr Cetina, University of Bielefeld,
The Market as an Epistemic Institution

Sajay Samuel, Bucknell University, U.S.A.,
Mark Dirsmith, Penn State University, U.S.A.,
Barbara McElroy, Berry College, U.S.A.,
Monetizing Medicine: From the Medical to the Fiscal Body

6.2 Environmental Ethics

Dirk Holemans, University of Antwerp, Belgium,
The Rise of Nature or The End of Nature? A Common task for Environmental Ethics and the Theory of Risk Society

Paul B. Thompson, Purdue University, U.S.A.,
Does Environmental Science Have a Consequentialist Bias?

Leesa Fawcett, York University, Canada,
Whales, Transplant Organs and Ecological Justice

Karen Hoffman, University of California, Santa Cruz, U.S.A.,
Heroes and Villains: Reading the History of U.S. Environmentalism

6.3 Concepts, Culture and Calculation

Patrick Eamonn Carroll, University of California, San Diego, U.S.A.,
Tools, Instruments, and Engines: Getting a Handle on the Material Culture of Scientific Practice

Wolf-Michael Roth, University of Victoria, Canada,
Domenica Masciotra, CIRADE, Canada,
Perceptual Topology of and Mathematization in Ecology Fieldwork

Rick Hadden, Saint Mary's, Canada
Use and Exchange: Reckoning Nature and Society in the Work of Sir William Petty

Ian G. Stewart, Dalhousie, Canada
Words and Things: Science and Conversation in Early-Modern English Universities

6.4 Gender and Science

Margrethe Aune & Knut H. Sørensen, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway,
Gendered Life-style - gendered energy consumtion?

Marilyn E. Hegarty, Ohio State, U.S.A.,
"Patriots, Prostitutes, Patriotutes": Discourses of Medicine and Science and the Production of the Promiscuous Woman During World War II

Lisa McLoughlin, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Sophie Germain and the Structure of Scientific Culture

Mary Bryson, University of British Columbia, Suzane de Castell & Jennifer Jenson,, Simon Fraser University, Canada,
Creating Microclimates for Girls' Uses of New Media: An Ecological Approach

6.5 Asserting Expertise

Nelta Edwards, Arizona State University, U.S.A.,
Science, Rhetoric and Epidemiology: Cancer at Port Hope, Alaska

Bruce Goldstein, University of California, Berkeley, U.S.A.,
The Campaign of Conservation Biologists Against "Rogue Science" in Habitat Conservation Plans

Brian Campbell, Mount Allison University, Canada,
The Social Rhetoric of the Authority of Expertise

6.6 Work Culture of Scientists

Kristen Karlberg, University of California, San Francisco, U.S.A.,
The Work of Genetic Care Providers: Technological Innovation, Situated Knowledges and Ideologies

Roli Varma, Russell Sage College, U.S.A.,
Immigrant Scientists and the Ethno-Science

Gert-Rüdiger Wegmarshaus, Europa-Universität-Viadrina, Germany,
The Ecological Consciousness of Russian Scientists: Some Empirical Findings and Theoretical Considerations

Hideto Nakajima, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan,
Formation and the Present State of Science and Technology Studies in Japan

Lunch: Feminist Caucus


Session Group 7 Friday, 2:00-4:00

7.1 Author Meets Critics: Sheila Jasanoff
Science at the Bar

7.2 Demonstration, Demon-stration and De-monstration: Performative Considerations

Organiser: Michael E. Lynch, Brunel University, U.K.

Douglas Macbeth, Ohio State, U.S.A.,
Teaching "First Hand" science, 2nd hand: Science education for science teachers

Michael Lynch, Brunel University, U.K.
Demonstrating science studies methods: toward a sociology of things

Dusan I. Bjelic, University of Southern Maine, U.S.A.,
Galileo's De-monstrations: the Pendulum, Pleasure, and Pedagogy

Eric Francoeur, École des Mines, France,
Demonstration-at-a-distance: The interaction of literary and material devices in the early development of stereochemistry

David Bogen, Emerson College, U.S.A.,
Out of the Ordinary: The use of ordinary objects and typical perceptions to make science visible

7.3 Digitalized Democracy and Trust

Heinrich Schwarz, M.I.T., U.S.A.,
Virtual Work Virtually works. Reflections on the Virtualization of Work.

David H. Guston, Rutgers University, U.S.A.,
Evaluating the Impact of the First U.S. Citizens' Panel on "Telecommunications and the Future of Democracy"

Steve Pierce, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Lost in Space: DBS and the End of Opportunity in Satellite Television

Jean-Francois Blanchette, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Cryptology and the Automation of Trust

7.4 Science and the Media

Shobita Parthasarathy, Cornell University, U.S.A.,
Understanding Biotechnology Through the Media Lens

Charles Bazerman, University of California, Santa Barbara, U.S.A.,
Environmental Information

Maureen McNeil, Lancaster University, U.K.
Awesome Technoscientific Spectacles of the 1990s: the Gulf War and Expo 1992

Kristina Petkova, Pepka Boyadjieva, and Galin Gornev, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria, and Martin Bauer, LSE, U.K.
Images of Science and Social Modernization: Comparison Between Bulgaria and Britain

7.5 Engineering Ethics

Organiser: William T. Lynch,

Chair: Ron Kline, Cornell, U.S.A.,

William T. Lynch, Cornell University, U.S.A.,
Ethics in Everyday Practice: How Science and Technology Studies Can Reform Engineering Ethics Pedagogy

Rachelle Hollander, NSF. U.S.A.,
"STS, NSF, and Engineering Ethics"

Ingrid H. Soudek & W. Bernard Carlson, University of Virginia, U.S.A.,
From Ethical Ideals to Engineering Practice: Using Literature and History to Foster Moral Imagination

Jameson M. Wetmore, Cornell, U.S.A.,
Exploring the Ethical Aspects of Day-to-Day Engineering in the Classroom

Gary Downey, Virginia Tech, U.S.A.,
Ethics and Engineering Selfhood

7.6 Ecological discourse as Cultural Politics

Organiser: Peter Taylor, Swarthmore College, U.S.A.

Giovanna DiChuro, Allegheny College, U.S.A.,
The constructions of alternative environmental expertise in transnational environmental justice struggles

Peter Taylor,
What can agents do? Recent developments in Commons discourse

Saul Halfon, Cornell University, U.S.A.,
From environmental crisis to women's lives: shifting relations between population policy and environmental concerns

Kent Curtis, University of Kansas, U.S.A.,
Engineering Reality: Mining and the Industrial Imagination in the Post-Civil War American West


Session Group 8 Friday, 4:15-6:15

Presidential Plenary: The Politics of Nature

Michel Callon
Markets and Externalities

Sheila Jasanoff, Cornell University, U.S.A.,
The Politics of Participation

I. Stengers, France,

Ian Hacking, University of Toronto, Canada,
Title and participation to be confirmed

4S Business Meeting 6:15-7:00

Reception (Sponsored by Dalhousie, King's College) 7:00-8:00 in Bluenose Room

Awards Banquet 8:00-10:00 in Baronete

Music/Dancing and Cash Bar in Bluenose Room 10:00-12:00

Saturday October 31

Social Studies of Science Editorial Meeting 7:15-8:30


Session Group 9 Saturday, 8:30-10:30

9.1 Recalibrating Life: Kinship beyond Biology I

Organisers: Brian Noble, University of Alberta, Canada, Sara Franklin, Lancaster University, U.K.;
Discussant: Maureen McNeil, Lancaster, U.K..

Hans-Deiter Sues, Royal Ontario Museum, Canada,
Looking for the Tree of Life: Huxley and the Origin of Birds

Claudia Casteneda, University of Manchester, U.K.,
Genetic Genealogies: The Construction and Use of Pedigrees as a Medical Technology?

Constance MacIntosh & Roxanne Mykitiuk, York University, Canada,
Contesting Kinship: Reconfiguring the Meaning of Genetic Information in Law

Paolo Pallidino, Lancaster University, U.K.,
From Brothers and Sisters to Genes: Constructing a Genetically Transmitted Cancer

9.2 Conversation with the Author: Fleck Prize Recipient

To be announced.

9.3 Creating Environmentally Sustainable Networks

Organiser: Michael E. Gorman
Discussant: Patricia Werhane, The Darden Business School

Michael E. Gorman, University of Virginia, U.S.A.,
An Inventor Recruits the Sun - But Where are the Funds?

Matthew M. Mehalik, University of Virginia, U.S.A.,
Designing Environmental Intelligence into a Network

Kathryn Henderson, Texas A & M University, U.S.A.,
The Straw Bale Building Renaissance: Why Now?

Steven A. Moore, University of Texas at Austin, U.S.A.,
Competing Networks and a Case of Sustainable Irony

9.4 Warranting Forms in Regulatory Policy

Franz Foltz, Penn State, U.S.A.,
Science, Pollution, and Bottled Water: The Social Construction of Clean Water

Joop Schopman, University of Innsbruck/Boston College, Austria/U.S.A.,
Car emission standards and environmental policy

Joshua Dunsby, University of California, San Diego, U.S.A.,
Making Pollution Visible: Air Quality Indicators and the Measurement of Progress

Joe Thornton, Columbia University, U.S.A.,
Chlorine Chemistry and Environmental Health: The Failure of Science-Based Management

9.5 Comparisons of Research Communities

Ingemar Bohlin, University of Göteborg, Sweden,
Managing Academic Quality

Jason Own-Smith, University of Arizona, U.S.A.,
Technologies of Governance: Strategy, Structure, and Science in High Energy Physics and Insect Neurobiology

Halla Thorsteinsdottir, University of Sussex, U.K.,
Collaborative Islands - External research collaboration in Iceland and Newfoundland

9.6 Representation and Visualization

Wolf-Michael Roth, & D. Masciotra, University of Victoria, Domenico Masciotra, CIRADE, Canada,
From Thing to Sign and 'Natural Object': Toward a Genetic Phenomenology of Graph Interpretation

Rosana Horio Monteiro, State University of Campinas, Brazil and R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Does it Seem to be a Pipe? (Images Diagnoses and the Dilemmas of Representation)

Anne Beaulieu, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
Mapping the Mind: Atlases and Databases in the Decade of the Brain

Sergio Sismondo, Queens University, Canada,
The Map Metaphor in Realism/Constructivism Debates

G. Michael Bowen, University of Victoria, Canada,
Natural Worlds and Graphical Representations: On the Difficulties of Learning Ecology from Lectures


Session Group 10 Saturday, 10:45-12:45

10.1 New and Improved STS

Linda Layne, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
'The Cultural Fix': An Anthropological Contribution to Science and Technology Studies

Robert Ausch, City University of New York, U.S.A.,
Are Rugs People? Taking Context and Activity Seriously

Stephan Fuchs and Joe Spear, University of Virginia, U.S.A.,
The Social Conditions of Cumulation

Joan Fujimura, Stanford University, U.S.A.,
Ignorance and the Creation of Knowledge

Harry Collins, University of Wales, U.K.
The Meaning of Data: Open and Closed Evidential Cultures in the Search of Gravitational Waves

10.2 Recalibrating Life: Kinship beyond Biology II

Organisers: Brian Noble, University of Alberta, Canada, Sara Franklin, Lancaster University, U.K.;
Discussant: Harriet Ritvo, M.I.T., U.S.A.

Hannah Landecker, M.I.T., U.S.A.,
Making a Hybridoma: Inheritance and Acquisition in Cell Culture

Stefan Helmreich, Stanford University, U.S.A.,
Silicon Second Nature: Culturing Artificial Life and Reprogramming Kinship

Lisa Cartwright, University of Rochester, U.S.A.,
The Real Life of Biomedical Body Images

Brian Noble, University of Alberta, Canada
Dinosaur Resurrections: Once They Were Kings - are we now kin?

10.3 Engineering Design I

A. Christian Fricke, R.P.I., Langdon Winner, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Behavior Frames and Social Life: Design in the Scripting of Public Activity

A. Christian Fricke, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Engineering Design and Social Change: Harnessing the Curriculum for Social Responsibility

Dean Nieusma, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Looking into Engineering Design

Joshua Brown, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Subversive Design and Making for Social Change

10.4 Geographic Discourse of Technology and Environment

Organiser: Francis Harvey

Nicholas R. Chrisman, University of Washington, U.S.A.,
Francis Harvey, Institute for Geomatics, Switzerland,
The Networks of NIABY (Not in Anyone's Back Yard): Geographical Information Technology and Siting Low-Level Radioactive Waste Repositories in the USA

Nicholas R. Chrisman,
Topological Representations of Geographic Information: Reversing the irreversible arrow of progress

Francis Harvey,
Approaching Networks of Engineering: Merging quantitative and qualitative research methods

John A. Stewart and Timothy Black, University of Hartford,
The Politics of Spatial Organization: An Examination of a State Regional Strategy for Waste Disposal

Richard J. Jonasse, University of California, San Diego, U.S.A.
A Peculiar Logic: GIS, Social Relations, and the Land.

10.5 Forestry Science

Joanna M. Beyers, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto
Unbundled Forests and Baskets of Benefits: A Critical Look at the Selection Process of the Canadian Model Forests

Paul Heeney, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto,
Urban Forestry in Canada: Some Critical Dimensions

L. Anders Sandberg, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto
A Study in Contrasts: Politics, Science, and the Spruce Budworm in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia

Peter Clancy, Department of Political Science, St. Francis Xavier University
Forestry Science and the Prospects for Political Coalition-Building

10.6 Conversation with the Author: Rachel Carson Prize Recipient

Lunch: Student Caucus


Session Group 11 Saturday, 2:00-4:00

11.1 Science and Technology Studies Confront Environmental Issues

Brian Wynne, Lancaster, U.K.,
Tacit Discourses of Environment and Risk

Liora Salter, York University, Canada,
A Question of Standards

Gary Bowden, University of New Brunswick, Canada,
Out of the Lab and Into the World: Following Knowledge Claims into the Policy Arena

Steven Yearley, York, U.K.,
Title and participation to be confirmed

11.2 Engineering Design II

Organiser: A.Christian Fricke, R.P.I.

John A. Schumacher, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
A Design Perspective on STS

Linda R. Caporael, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Bridging STS and Design Studies: Cultural-Cognitive Models

Todd Cherasky, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Design Elements: Constructing a Critical Theory of Design

E.J. Woodhouse, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Democratic Steering of Technological Design

11.3 Recalibrating Life: Kinship beyond Biology III

Organisers: Brian Noble, University of Alberta, Canada, Sara Franklin, Lancaster University, U.K.;
Discussants: Harriet Ritvo, M.I.T., U.S.A., Maureen McNeil, Lancaster University.

Sarah Franklin, Lancaster University, U.K.
Kinship Beyond Biology

Jan Marontate,École des Mines, France,
Bodies Undone and Redone in Contemporary Art: From 'Mementi Mori' to Collective Reconfigurations of Co-existence

Charis Cussins, Cornell University, U.S.A.,

Elisabeth Abergel, York University, and Katherine Barret, University of British Columbia, Canada,
Breeding Familiarity: Conceptions of Nature in Agricultural Biotechnology

11.4 Professional Vision and Diagnoses

Organiser: Carol Berkenkotter, Michigan Tech.

Carol Berkenkotter,
Where do Diagnoses (in Psychiatry/Psychotherapy) Come From?

Siamak Movahedi, University of Massachusetts, Boston and Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis, U.S.A.,
Diagnosis of Mental Illness and the Emotional Positions of the Participants in the Therapeutic Process

Judy Segal, University of British Columbia, Canada,
Patient Lives and Rhetorical Encounters

Doris Ravotas, Michigan Tech, U.S.A.,
Organization of Practice in Psychotherapy

Andre LeBlanc, University of Toronto, Canada,
Why Psychiatry Should Abandon the Concept of Dissociation

11.5 Science-Nature-Society

Adrian Ivakhiv, York University, Canada,
"Whose 'Science'? Whose 'Nature'? Reconstructing the Social in a Socially Constructed Natural World"

Valery Cholakov, University of Illinois, U.S.A.,
From "Class Struggle" to "International Struggle": Environmental Concerns as Reflections of Politics

Bart Simon, Queens University, Canada,
Captives of Controversy: Reprise

Henrique Luiz Cukierman, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
Trip(s) to Santos

11.6 Knowledge System Coordination

Loet Leydesdorff, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
The Self-Organization of the European Information Society

Terttu Luukkonen, VTT Technology Group, Finland,
Companies in Emergent Collaboration Networks

Bert Enserink & Martine van der Ploeg, Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands,
Science, Technology and the Rise of Nature: The Interface between Science, Technology and Environmental Issues

Anne-Marie Maculan, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Jose Manoel Carvalho de Mello, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Henry Etzkowitz, State University of New York, USA
R&D Public Institutions in Brazil: A New Regime


Session Group 12 Saturday, 4:15-6:15

12.1 Author Meets Critic: Barry Barnes
Scientific Knowledge: A Sociological Analysis

Organizer: Richard Hadden
Saint Mary's, Halifax, Canada

Author: Barry Barnes, University of Exeter, U.K.


Harry Collins
University of Wales, U.K.

Yves Gingras
Université de Québec a Montréal, Canada

Michael Lynch
Brunel, U.K.

12.2 Evaluating Risk

Brian K. Min, New York Academy of Sciences, U.S.A.,
The Trouble with Risky Technologies: The Controversy over Nuclear Power in Space

Edward Woodhouse, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
Social Reconstruction of a Technoscience?: The Greening of Chemistry

William Leeming, York University, Canada,
Coping with New Genetic Technologies: the Case of Alpha-l-Antitrypsin Deficiency

Peter Andree, York University, Canada,
Science, Technology and the Rise of Nature: The Interface between science, technology and environmental issues

12.3 Surf and Turf: Social Constructions of Animals

Anna Williams, University of Rochester, U.S.A.,
Cosmetics, medicines, explosives: technology and the discipline of animals in late nineteenth century US meat production

Gregg Mitman, University of Oklahoma, U.S.A.,
From Flippy to Flipper: A Ringside Seat in the Making of an Oceanic Star

Edward Larsen, University of Georgia, U.S.A.,
Science and the Environment: 20th Century Research on the Galapagos Islands

12.4 Standardizing Diagnosis/Regulating Identities

Deborah Blizzard, R.P.I., U.S.A.,
The Third Circulation: Theorizing Communicating Vessels and Dysmorphic Placentas in High-Risk Obstetrics"

Marc Berg, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands,
Crafting Records, Delineating Bodies: The Invention of the Universal Patient in Early 20th Century Medicine

Alberto Cambrosio, McGill University, & Peter Keating, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada,
Nosological platforms: recasting the normal and the pathological in late 20th century medicine

Steven Epstein, University of California, San Diego, U.S.A.,
Clinical trials and the negotiations of Credibility: Gender and Racial Inclusion in Biomedical Research in the United States

Pascale Bourret, Université de Bourgogne, France and François Eisinger, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, France,
Guidelines of "good practices " in cancer genetic clinic : Regulatory tools for practices and/or coordination tools for actors?

Halloween night.


Sunday November 1

Awards Committee Meeting

Overflow sessions as needed.

Details if needed.

Tours. Details to be announced.


Eric Francoeur -- Ph.D. Sociology, McGill University (1998), M.Sc. Sociology of Scientific Knowledge, Edinburgh University (1991), B.A. Science, Technology and Society, University of Quebec in Montreal (1990). Research interests: sociology of science and technology, sociology of biomedical sciences, practice and representation in scientific research, instrumentation, history of chemistry and biochemistry. Dissertation: The Forgotten Tool: a Socio-Historical Analysis of the Development and Use of Mechanical Molecular Models in Chemistry and Allied Disciplines; Director: Alberto Cambrosio. Main Publication: "The Forgotten Tool: the Design and Use of Molecular Models", Social Studies of Science, 27(1), 7-40. Research experience: Postdoctoral fellow, Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation, Ecole nationale supérieure des mines de Paris (1998-99); DeWitt Stetten Fellow in the history of 20th century biomedical sciences, Historical Office and Museum, National Institutes of Health (1994-95); Various research-assistantships held at UQAM and McGill University between 1987 and 1997 (Research projects included the study of controversies over risks in genetic engineering; The development of the flow cytometer as a clinical tool). Teaching experience: Health and Illness in Modern Society, McGill University (Winter 1997). Contact: CSI-ENSMP, 60 Boul. St-Michel, Paris, 75212 Cedex 06. E-mail: francoeur@csi.ensmp.fr



'Mephistos' The 17th Annual Graduate Student Meeting for the History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science, Technology, Medicine, and related fields will be held on September 17-20, 1998 in Minneapolis, MN. Mephistos is an annual forum for graduate students who wish to present papers, interact with colleagues, and discuss topics of concern across a variety of disciplines. The Program Committee seeks proposals for individual papers related to the History, Philosophy, and Sociology of Science, Technology, and Medicine from the ancient period to the present. Please mail, email or fax a one-page abstract for a 15-20 minute paper and brief c.v. postmarked by July 1, 1998 to: Mark Largent Program in History of Science and Technology, Tate Laboratory of Physics 116 Church Street S.E. Minneapolis, MN 55455, Tel.: (612) 626-8722 Fax: (612) 624-4578 E-mail: larg0007@tc.umn.edu A registration fee of $20 is required by conference attendees. For more information on transportation or inexpensive lodging write to the above address or check out the Mephistos web site at: http://home.att.net/~Olorin/mephistos/meph2.htm

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR THE STUDY OF CONTROVERSY VERCELLI, ITALY, OCTOBER 12-13 1998. The International Society for the Study of Controversy (pronounced I-ASK) invites papers on the rhetoric of experiment. We solicit papers from any one in science studies--from any rhetorician, philosopher, social scientist, or historian--who is interested in the persuasive role of experiments or thought experiments or in the extent to which such experiments or thought experiments are, or can be modelled, as arguments. We regard as seminal to work on the rhetoric of experiment Gerald Holton's early paper on Millikan's famous oil drop experiments, a paper in which Holton shows that Millikan "improperly" selected his most persuasive drops for public view. In effect, as we see it, Millikan was making an argument for his views in a manner analogous to that of a lawyer defending his client. Please send 500-word abstracts of proposed papers by email by August 1 to Alan Gross at Grossalang@aol.com. Please do not send anything by regular mail. (412)624-0903 (office) (412) 683-2455 (home-voice mail) (412) 624-3895 (fax)

PDC 98 - the Participatory Design Conference, "Broadening Participation" November 12-14, 1998 Seattle, Washington USA http://www.cpsr.org/conferences/pdc98 pdc98@cpsr.org Sponsored by Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility in cooperation with ACM and CSCW 98. Participatory Design (PD) is a set of diverse ways of thinking, planning, and acting through which people make their work, technologies, and social institutions more responsive to human needs. PD practitioners aim to improve conditions of work and the quality of life by involving workers, users, and community members in design and development. PD enables users, stakeholders, and other interested parties to play powerful roles in shaping technological and work outcomes to reflect their interests. Through Participatory Design, people around the world are accomplishing significant achievements in collaboratively shaping technology and social environments. PDC 98 is an international forum where diverse communities can meet, exchange ideas and experiences, and collaboratively invent the future of participatory work. The conference will take place in Seattle, Washington, USA, just before the Computer Supported Cooperative Work conference (CSCW 98). We encourage submissions that attend to the challenges of broadening participation in contemporary design contexts. As technology is increasingly being driven by various globalized standards-setting processes, design participation needs to take on a wider range of meanings. People become involved in design at many different technical and political levels. How do workers and citizens engage in and develop stronger technological visions and creative imaginations? Can PD help people bridge religious or political controversies? How might students participate in the development of distance learning? What new concerns are arising in participatory design? Posters/Artifacts, Must be received by 28 July, Sarah Kuhn / PDC 98, Department of Regional Economic and Social Development O'Leary Library 500J, 61 Wilder Street, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854 USA.

For its second annual preconference at the National Communication Association Annual Convention in New York on November 20, 1998, the American Association for the Rhetoric of Science and Technology announces a call for papers for two panels: one on the rhetoric of technlology (Carolyn Miller, chair and respondent); one on the relationship between science and technology (Tom Goodnight, chair and respondent). In addition to these competitive panels, there will be two invited panels and a Science Policy Forum. The first invited panel will be on rhetoric and truth (Celeste Condit, Henry Krips, and John Lyne, panelists); the second invited panel will address the issue of whether the rhetorical figures are linguistic universals (Jeanne Fahnestock, Mike Halloran, and Mark Turner, panelists). The Science Policy Forum, on global warming, will be organized by Gordon Mitchell and Tim O'Donnell. Those interested in the competitive panels should send four copies of an abstract of not more than 500 words, to Alan Gross, Center for Philosophy of Science, 817 Cathedral of Learning, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260. The deadline is a postmark of June 1. Please do not send faxes or e-mails.

THE SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY will be publishing a special issue (now the first number of 1999) on the Philosophy of Science. The aim is to publish a collection of `state of the art' survey articles, in the following areas: 1. General metaphysics and epistemology of science 2. Probability and causation 3. Philosophy of physics 4. Philosophy of biology 5. Philosophy of psychology / cognitive science 6. Philosophy of economics 7. Philosophy of social science 8. History of the philosophy of science 9. Science, race and gender 10. Computation, Information and Complexity Theory Surveys of other major sub-branches of the Philosophy of Science will also be considered, subject to the quality of submissions received in the areas listed above. Authors are encouraged to advance original arguments of their own, so long as they are contextualized within the broader sub-field so that their relevance to non-specialists is evident. Submissions should be received by July 15, 1998. Articles should be approximately 25 double-spaced A4 pages. Submissions will be sent to external referees, and evaluated for accuracy, breadth, rigor and style. The best article in each area will be selected for publication by the Guest Editor in consultation with the Assistant Editors, after receipt of referees' reports. Four copies of submissions should be sent to: Don Ross Guest Editor, SAJP Special Issue 1998 Philosophy Department Leslie Social Science Building University of Cape Town Private bag, RONDEBOSCH 7700 Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA

The Transformation of Knowledge: theorizing production and application, University of Surrey, January 12-13 1999. The idea that the structure of knowledge is undergoing a transformation has been widely argued, and has a number of dimensions. It is noted, for example, that increasingly research is carried out in the context of application, and shaped more by specific problems than by traditional disciplinary frameworks. It may no longer be viable to conceptualise knowledge application as separable from knowledge production; yet the implications of this for a range of issues and traditional distinctions are as yet poorly understood. The conference is intended to address and develop a better theoretical understanding of these phenomena, and to consider their implications for teaching and research. It is aimed at researchers in science education, mathematics education, and science and technology studies, and at fostering co-operation between these areas of scholarship. The following are just some examples of possible topics: - the implications and limitations of concepts such as 'dissemination', 'technology transfer' and 'recontextualisation' - the distinction between academic and 'everyday' knowledge, or between theory and practice; the notion of 'discursive practice' - alternatives to essentialist and instrumental definitions of disciplines and disciplinary boundaries; interdisciplinarity; hybrid knowledge - the construction of new identities and subjects. People who wish to give a paper are asked to submit a 500 word abstract to Geoff Cooper by 31st August, 1998. If you wish to attend, but do not wish to present a paper, you should send a 300 word description of your current research interests by the same date. Decisions will be communicated by 30th September. Attendance will be restricted to 30 people. Organiser, Geoff Cooper, Department of Sociology, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2, 5XH, UK. Tel +44 (0)1483 300800 ext 2803 Fax:+44 (0)1483 259551 Email g.cooper@soc.surrey.ac.uk

American Association for the History of Medicine. The 1999 meeting will be held 5-9 May 1999, in New Brunswick, New Jersey. The Chair of the Program Committee is Elizabeth Fee, Ph.D. Any person interested in presenting a paper at this meeting is invited to submit an abstract (one original and six copies) to Dr. Fee, Chief, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bldg. 38, Room 1E-21, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894. Abstracts must be received by 1 October 1998. Please do not send abstracts by e-mail or fax.

Innovation and Emancipation: The Management of Technology and the Process of Work 1999 CRITICAL MANAGEMENT STUDIES CONFERENCE University of Manchester, July 14-16 1999 This Track seeks to explore the intersections between Critical Management Studies, and the wide variety of enquiries into Innovation, Science and Technology. These include: - studies of the management of technology and innovation; history & philosophy of science & technology; science, technology and economic development; sociology of scientific knowledge; studies of science, technology and medicine from feminist, cultural, policy, and legal perspectives; the history and economics of production and product technologies; and the political economy of technical change. We seek papers that actively examine these intersections between Critical Management studies and enquiries into innovation, science and technology. The papers may be theoretical, empirical, historical - but preferably some combination. Abstracts, of 750 -1,000 words, should be sent to the Convenor, Richard Hull, ESRC Centre for Research on Innovation & Competition Richard.Hull@umist.ac.uk by September 30th 1998.

On Time: History, Science, Commemoration at National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (NMGM), Liverpool 16-19 September 1999 The approach of the millenium has heightened awareness of the conventions and cultures of time. But what is time? This question has been of growing interest amongst historians. Their research is markedly interdisciplinary, spilling over the boundaries between social, economic and cultural historians, and historians of science, technology, medicine and mathematics. 'On Time', organised by the British Society for the History of Science (BSHS), Royal Historical Society (RHS) and NMGM responds to this interdisciplinarity. Abstracts of 50-100 words should be sent before 1 September 1998 to either: Dr William J. Ashworth (BSHS), Department of Economic and Social History, The University of Liverpool, 11 Abercromby Square, Liverpool, L69 3BX. or Dr Roland Quinault (RHS), School of Historical, Philosophical and Contemporary Studies, Faculty of HTE, University of North London, 166- 220 Holloway Road, London N7 8DB, England




The Mid-Atlantic Conference (MAC), In the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology, July 31-August 2, 1998 at The Johns Hopkins University. We at Johns Hopkins invite you to join us at a conference of graduate students from the Mid-Atlantic region interested in the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology. The basic purpose of this conference is to foster collegial interaction between the graduate students of the many fine programs in the History of Science (writ large) in this region. The conference will begin Friday evening, July 31 with a welcoming dinner/party. Saturday, August 1 will be devoted to paper presentations and discussion, with papers being the usual 20-25 minutes in length. As a primary goal of this conference is for the participants to get some useful feedback on their work, and not just another line on their c.v., 10-15 minutes will be set aside for discussion of each paper. A free luncheon and coffee breaks will provide periodic breathing spells, and we will organize some entertainment for the evening. The papers for the working sessions will be made available in advance via the conference website: http://www.med.jhu.edu/gradweb/history_of_science/MAC.html It is also our hope that this conference will become an annual event, with a different institution serving as host each year. For more information, contact: hheyck@jhunix.hcf.jhu.edu, or Mid-Atlantic Conference Organizing Committee Department of the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology Johns Hopkins University, Ames Hall #216 3400 N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218

The Association for Practical and Professional Ethics will convene its conference, "Ethics in the Professions and Practice," for the third time this summer. Scheduled for August 2 through 6 1998, the conference will convene on the University of Montana campus in pristine Missoula. The conference is designed for anyone interested in practical or professional ethics persons concerned about ethical issues in society, thoughtful professionals who want to explore and discuss ethical issues they face in their practices, and faculty who teach ethics but are looking for new ideas. Participants will choose a four-day focused seminar on a topic of special relevance to their teaching, research or practical or professional interests. This year's seminar leaders and topics are Ethics in Engineering (Michael Pritchard, Director for the Study of Ethics in Society, Western Michigan University); Price Waterhouse Ethics Symposium Business Ethics: Practice and Pedagogy (Patricia Werhane, Ruffin Professor of Business Ethics, Darden Graduate School of Business, University of Virginia); Religious Perspectives and Care for the Dying (David H. Smith, Director, Poynter Center for the Study of Ethics and American Institutions, Indiana University); Narratives, Case Studies and Theories in Ethics (John Arras, Philosophy, University of Virginia); The Animals in Our World: Use and Abuse (Alan Beck, Director, Center for Applied Ethology and Human Interaction, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University); and Strategies for Teaching Ethics (Rick Momeyer, Philosophy, Miami University of Ohio). The registration fee for the conference is $375. Details and registration information are available from Brian Schrag, Executive Secretary, Association for Practical and Professional Ethics, Indiana University, 618 East Third Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47405; Telephone 812/855-6450; FAX 812/855-3315; appe@indiana.edu Conference information and registration forms are posted on the Association's web page at http://php.ucs.indiana.edu/~appe/home.html

A call for papers for, 'Socially Situated Intelligence,' a workshop at SAB'98: the Fifth International Conference of the Society for Adaptive Behavior, University of Zrich, 17 - 21 August 1998, Switzerland. Workshop Web Pages: http://www.cpm.mmu.ac.uk/~bruce/ssi/ Submissions by: 14th June 1998. In recent years it has been increasingly recognised that many important aspects of intelligence are grounded in an intimate interaction with a physical environment - what is called `embodied intelligence'. This workshop is to explore aspects of intelligence and intelligent behaviour that might be grounded in interaction with a social environment, hence the title: `Socially Situated Intelligence'. It is clear that there may be a significant difference between an intelligence that has evolved (or at least significantly developed) in a social context, and an intelligence that is not socially grounded in this way. The workshop aims at identifying the basic differences between these two conceptions of intelligence and wants to further a better understanding of the specific mechanisms which make natural or artificial agents social. Information about the SAB'98 conference this is a part of can be found at URL: http://www.ifi.unizh.ch/groups/ailab/events/sab98/ Papers should be sent to Bruce Edmonds at b.edmonds@mmu.ac.uk

INTERFACE, Twenty-third Annual Humanities and Technology Conference Marietta, Georgia (Metro Atlanta) October 28-30, 1998 Sponsored by the Social and International Studies Department of Southern Polytechnic State University and The Humanities and Technology Association. The INTERFACE Conference provides a forum for discussing the interaction of humanistic concerns with scientific and technological developments. Past participants have represented such diverse fields as engineering, technology, computer science, physics, history, literature, music, and medicine. Without excluding other topics, this year's conference especially invites proposals that focus on: "Teaching and Learning Technology" For more information use the web site at http://www.spsu.edu/interface or contact the conference director, Julie Newell, at jnewell@spsu.edu.

 EASST: CULTURES OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. EUROPE AND THE GLOBAL CONTEXT The European Association for the Study of Science and Technology (EASST) will hold its next General Conference in Lisbon, from the 1st to the 3rd of October 1998, at the seat of ISCTE (Instituto Superior de Ciéncias do Trabalho e da Empresa), a Lisbon University institute for the social sciences and the business sciences, and technologies, established in 1972. This Conference will provide a major forum for the presentation and debate of recent work in the field of the social studies of science and technology. General themes to be addressed include: Science and Technology Policies: National, European and Global; The Science and Technology System: Institutions and Networks; Public Understanding, Expert and Public Participation in Decision-Making; Science, Law and Ethics; Technology Studies; Space, Environment and Mobility; History and Theory of Science and Technology. For further information: http//:www.iscte.pt/EASST98

The International Conference on the Social Impact of Information Technology The "International Conference on the Social Impact of Information Technology" will be offered by the University of Missouri-St. Louis at the Regal Riverfront Hotel in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, on October 12 - 14, 1998. This conference will focus on the current and future impact of information technologies on communities, organizations, and individuals in the ways they live and work. Featured speakers for the conference include John Naisbitt, author of Megatrends, Megatrends 2000, and Global Paradox; Don Tapscott, author of Paradigm Shift, The Digital Economy, and Growing Up Digital; Don Foshee, past president of the United States Distance Learning Association and president of Innovative Interactions, Inc.; and Monica Conley, president of the National Association of Black Telecommunications Professionals, Inc. More information on the conference is available at http://www.umsl.edu/~conted/intlconf.htm

Second International Conference on THE INSPIRATION OF ASTRONOMICAL PHENOMENA ("INSAP II"), to be held 7-14 January 1999 on The Mediterranean Island of Malta. The sky makes up half of mankind's world; the Earth around us makes up the other half. This meeting will explore mankind's fascination with the astronomical phenomena that define the sky -- the lights in the sky, by day and by night -- which have been a strong and often dominant element in human life and culture. Scholars from a variety of disciplines (including Archaeology, Art, Classics, History and Prehistory, Mythology and Folklore, Philosophy, the Physical Sciences, and Religion) will attend "INSA P II" to discuss the impacts astronomical phenomena have had on mankind. Presentations by attendees will be grouped under four main topics: Literature; Art; Myth and Religion; History and Prehistory. Attendance will be by invitation from among those applying. Full information on the Conference and an application form can be obtained by contacting the Organizing Committee, or from our Website URL: http://ethel.as.arizona.edu/~white/insap.htm Details of the first meeting (held at Castel Gandolfo, Vatican State, 27 June-2 July 1994), and the publication references that include many of the papers presented there, may be found also at the above Website (URL as given). This Conference is sponsored by the OTS Foundation and the Vatican Observatory. Professor Raymond E. White, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona (Chair) rwhite@as.arizona.edu

FIFTH International History, Philosophy and Science Teaching Conference, PAVIA UNIVERSITY, September 15-19, 1999. The conferences bring together scientists, teachers, historians, philosophers, mathematicians and educators. The 1999 conference is being held in conjunction with the European Physical Society's Interdivisional Group on History of Physics and Physics Teaching. This group has been meeting biennially since its first conference at Pavia University in 1983. The joint conference will contribute to local celebrations of the bicentenary of Alessandro Volta's creation of the battery at Pavia University in 1799. The conference will follow, and overlap with, the 4th European Physical Society's Conference on History of Modern Physics. A joint session of the two conferences will be held on the Wednesday. Part of the conference will be held at the Centro di Cultura Scientifica 'A. Volta' on the shores of Lake Como, and underneath the Italian Alps. The non-profit Centro is devoted, in part, to educational and interdisciplinary aspects of science. The International Group is concerned to promote the improvement of school and university science teaching by making them informed by the history, philosophy, and sociology of science and of education. It has a particular interest in bringing these spheres of knowledge into teacher education programmes, and in applying considerations from the history and philosophy of science to theoretical and pedagogical issues in science education, including science education research. For further information, contact: Dr Enrico Antonio Giannetto, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A.Volta', Universita di Pavia, Via A. Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia, ITALY email: volta99@pv.infn.it web page: http://www.cilea.it/volta99



Rutgers University - Newark and New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) announce two, new joint degrees in History - the Master of Arts (M. A.) and Master of Arts for Teachers (M. A. T.) - with a new field of concentration in the History of Technology, Environment and Medicine. Administered by a federated Rutgers - Newark/NJIT History Department, these degrees are awarded jointly by both universities and supported by the full resources of Rutgers and NJIT. The History Federation is part of a larger partnership initiative between NJIT and Rutgers-Newark that enables them to offer a singularly broad and dynamic program of graduate training and research in the history of technology, environment and medicine. Federation brings additional benefits for students such as on-line cross-registration, mutual library privileges, and shared intellectual and social activities. The Department boasts a distinguished faculty with particular strength in the History of American Science, Medicine and Technology. Courses are offered in a seminar format, stressing student participation. Both full-time and part-time students are welcome; many courses are offered in the late afternoon and early evening to accommodate employed students. The M. A. program, intended for generalists and pre-Ph.D. candidates, requires proficiency in a foreign language and students have the option to write a thesis in lieu of 6 credits of course work. Students are required to take a final comprehensive exam. The M.A.T. program -- intended for those preparing for, or engaged in, careers in secondary school education -- permits a greater flexibility in course selection. There is no language requirement, thesis option or final comprehension examination. For more information, please contact Prof. Richard Sher, Coordinator, History of Technology, Environment and Medicine, Federated Department of History, Rutgers - Newark/NJIT, University Heights, Newark, NJ 07102, Or visit our website: http://www.njit.edu

Anyone interested in undertaking a graduate STS program, or in delivering STS course materials via the WWW, might like to look at Deakin University's new online Master of Arts in Science and Technology Studies - MA(STS). Applications for mid-year entry close in mid-June with final deadline in July. Deakin University is known as Australia's foremost Distance Education provider, and its STS program has been producing national award winning textbooks for over twenty years. The MA is available to students around the world and has no attendance requirements. All the course materials, including study guides, readings and references are online, and are supported by web-based interactives and communication tools. The complete course materials are only available to enrolled students, but there is an extensive "guided tour" that gives a good idea of the way the study program is structured, and how the web technology is being used. Just go to the URL: http://arts.deakin.edu.au/masts/ And choose the "About the Course" link. The "About the Course" section also includes information about enrolment, admission requirements, fees etc. Comments or queries should be sent to the Course Coordinator, Wade Chambers wade@deakin.edu.au



Coordinating Council for Women in History Berkshire Conference of Women Historians The Coordinating Council for Women in History and the Berkshire Conference of Women Historians are please to announce the eighth annual competition for two $500 Graduate Student Awards to assist in the completion of dissertation work. The awards are designed to support either a crucial stage of research or the final year of writing. The CCWH/BERKSHIRE award is for women graduate students in a history department in a U.S. institution, and the CCWH/IDA B. WELLS award is for a woman graduate student in a U.S. institution in any department, but working on an historical topic. Application deadline is September 15, 1998. For more information and to download an application form see the website: http://www.plu.edu/~hamesgl/ or write to: Professor Gina Hames, CCWH Awards Committee Chair, History Department, Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, WA 98447, or hamesgl@plu.edu. Applicants are encouraged to utilize the website for information and application forms.

Smithsonian Institution Libraries announces 1999 SIL/ Dibner Library Resident Scholar Program. To encourage study of the history of science and technology, the Smithsonian Institution Libraries offers short-term study grants of 1-3 months to do research in the Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology and other library collections of the Smithsonian. The program is open to historians, librarians, bibliographers, and pre- and post-doctoral students. Stipend: $1,700/month, to be used for any related purpose, including travel to Washington, D.C. For guidelines and an application form, write to: Dibner Library Resident Scholar Program, Smithsonian Institution Libraries, NHB 22, Mail Stop 154, Washington, D.C. 20560 or send an email to: libmail@sil.si.edu. Program support is from The Dibner Fund. Deadline for proposals: December 1, 1998. For further questions, please contact Kari Richardson at (202) 786-2875

Two NSF programs have fast approaching deadlines which should be of interest to researchers who apply to the Societal Dimensions of Engineering, Science, and Technology (SDEST) program: CAREER, and Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT). The deadline for receipt of CAREER proposals is July 22, 1998. In order to encourage applications (from persons within 5 years of receipt of PhD), money has been set aside in the Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Science, which includes the SDEST program. Funds provide for four to five years of research support, in conjunction with the development of educational activity. We would like our communities to try to take advantage of this opportunity. IGERT provides support for multidisciplinary graduate education. The grant duration is up to five years. The preproposal deadline is July 1, 1998. The preproposal in this program is very important, since you have to have one in and do well in this review to be eligible to submit a formal proposal. The formal proposal deadline is November 23, 1998. You can find the program announcements for CAREER and IGERT on the NSF Home Page, under Cross-Cutting Programs. Just go to www.nsf.gov and you can't miss the link. If you have questions or want to discuss possibilities, once you've looked over the material, contact Rachelle D. Hollander rholland@nsf.gov or John Perhonis jperhoni@nsf.gov.

Research Proposal for "Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence" The U. S. National Science Foundation is planning to issue a new announcement encouraging applications for research in an area it is calling "Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence." It expects to have the announcement on the NSF Home Page in the near future. The information below gives sources of background material from workshops that were useful in planning for this initiative. NSF is in the process of developing agendas for future research in the area of "Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence" (KDI), which builds on the Foundation's earlier successes with the Internet and advanced computing. If researchers want to know what KDI is, to start thinking about preparing proposals, they can check out the various workshop reports. On 30-31 October 1997, the "NetLab Workshop" examined the state of knowledge networking research in the social and behavioral sciences. The goal of the workshop was to identify the potential for furthering our understanding of social interactions via knowledge networking research, with a focus on the development of a new medium for research on social interactions: large-scale Internet-based experiments. The report of this workshop has just gone up on the web: http://www.uiowa.edu/~grpproc/netlab.htm Three earlier workshops defined other aspects of the "Knowledge Networking" component of KDI: 1. Knowledge Networking Processes Philadelphia, Pennsylvania June 9 and 10, 1997: http://www.lrsm.upenn.edu/lrsm/KNP.html 2. Distributed Heterogeneous Knowledge Networks Boulder, Colorado May 8 and 9, 1997: http://www.scd.ucar.edu/info/KDI/ 3. Human Dimensions of Knowledge Networking Santa Barbara, California June 19-20, 1997: http://www.alexandria.ucsb.edu/workshops/NSF/ Another component of KDI, Learning and Intelligent Systems, has already been the focus of an NSF research competition, and should continue to be important for the scientific community: http://www.ehr.nsf.gov/lis/index.htm

Digital Library Initiative just announced by the National Science Foundation, Social and behavioral scientists and scholars in science and engineering ethics should be aware of the new Digital Library Initiative just announced by the National Science Foundation and other federal agencies. Proposal due dates for this competition are July 15, 1998 and May 17, 1999. Letters of intent are due April 15, 1998 for the FY 1998 competition and February 15, 1999 for the FY 1999 competition. The NSF Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences contributed core funding to the earlier phase of the Digital Library Initiative, and expects to increase its support in this new phase. Thus, research that applies digital library technology to the goals of the social and behavioral sciences is encouraged, and well as research that examines the social, economic, legal and ethical implications of the new computing and communications technologies. The full announcement can be found at: http://www.nsf.gov/home/crssprgm/start.htm or http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/1998/nsf9863/nsf9863.htm The announcement contains links to websites for NSF's partner agencies. Information about the previous multi-agency digital library competition and its results can be found at the following URL: http://www.dlib.org/ You can also consult the report of a workshop: "Distributed Knowledge Work Environments: Digital Libraries:" http://www.si.umich.edu/SantaFe/

Applications are invited for the following grants and fellowships by the Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF). More detailed information on CHF and the following grants can be found at: http://www.chemheritage.org

- Glenn E. and Barbara Hodsdon Ullyot Scholarship: The goal of this scholarship is to advance public understanding of the importance of the chemical sciences to the public welfare. The fourth annual Ullyot Scholarship, which will be awarded for summer 1999, offers a stipend of $3,500 plus modest travel and research support. Deadline: February 15, 1999. Leo Slater, lslater@chemheritage.org

- Othmer Postdoctoral Fellowship: The fellow will spend nine months in residence at CHF, making use of the Othmer Library of Chemical History for research on issues of business history, specifically in one of the following fields: pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, or biotechnology. The fellowship provides a monthly stipend as well as a travel allowance.

- Eugene Garfield Postdoctoral Fellowship in the History of Scientific Information. The fellow will spend nine months in residence at CHF: The fellow will create a historiographical and bibliographical guide to the field, with emphasis on twentieth century developments; conduct oral histories with two to four pioneers in the development of scientific information; and identify emerging research opportunities in the field.

- Scholars in Chemical Education: The scholars will spend the academic year in residence at the CHF. Using the resources of CHF's Othmer Library of Chemical History, these scholars will develop new classroom materials emphasizing the human perspective of science as well as its history and impact.

- Edelstein International Fellowship in the History of the Chemical Sciences and Technologies. The Fellow will divide his or her time between residency at CHF in Philadelphia and the Edelstein Center for History and Philosophy of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Jerusalem.

- Gordon Cain Fellowship in Technology, Policy, and Entrepreneurship. The Fellow will spend the year in residence at CHF and will carry out historical research on the development of the chemical industries. The Fellowship carries a stipend of $50,000 plus a small continuing award for research expenses and travel.

- Applications for all of the above fellowships should be sent to Leo Slater, lslater@chemheritage.org Tel: 215-925-2178 (ext) 224, Fax: 215-925-1954. The deadline for all of the above applications is December 1, 1998 except Ullyot scholarship.

- Travel Grant Program is offered to enable interested individuals to make use of the research resources of the Beckman Center for the History of Chemistry, the Othmer Library of Chemical History, and its associated facilities. Grants, which may be used for travel, subsistence, and copying costs, will not normally exceed $500. Deadline: December 1, May 1, August 1, November 1, each for the following quarter. Mary Ellen Bowden, mebowden@chemheritage.org



THE BIELEFELD PRIZE FOR THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF SOCIOLOGY Sponsored by the Gesellschaft fur Internationale Soziologie (GIS), Bielefeld, in cooperation with the Journal Zeitschrift fur Soziologie, Bielefeld, Germany. With this prize (DM 5,000)GIS wants to promote the internationalization of sociology by stimulating communication and cooperation among young sociologists across national, geographical and cultural boundaries. Thereby, the GIS, the local organizing committee of the 1994 World Congress of Sociology in Bielefeld wants to continue the theme of the Congress Contested Boundaries and Shifting Solidarities, inviting scholars from around the world to engage in this endeavor. The theme of the first competition is "Social Consequences of the Globalization of the Economy". The decreasing importance of distance is a major aspect of globalization. Thus, local and national economies are affected by a growing interdependence with economic events in other parts of the world. The growing simultaneity of world events creates new forms of social dynamics on a global scale, including financial markets, the spreading of innovations, public opinion, international politics, and life styles. These again affect national and local structures and create new opportunities though channels often unknown and poorly analysed. The jury will accept papers which deal either - with the sociological conceptualization and analysis of social conditions and processes involved in forms of world-wide interaction, - with the study of the impact of world-wide economic processes upon national or local settings, the way they affect social change and pose challenges to policy making The winner of the Bielefeld Prize for the Internationalization of Sociology will be awarded 5,000 DM. The winning article will be published in Zeitschrift fur Soziologie. Members of the Jury are: Prof.Dr. Franz-Xaver KAUFMANN (Chair, Bielefeld), Prof. Martin ALBROW (London), Prof.Dr. Johannes BERGER (Mannheim), Prof.Dr. Hans-Dieter EVERS (Bielefeld),Prof.Dr. Wolfgang STREEK (Berlin). Submission of papers (90,000 bytes max.) is invited from scholars below the level of full professor and 40 years of age. Articles could be submitted in English or German. Deadline for the submission of papers is September 30, 1998. Two copies of the paper and a short CV should be sent to Prof. Dr. Peter Weingart, Chair of GIS University of Bielefeld Postbox 100131 D- 33501 Bielefeld. Tel: 49-521-1064655, Fax: 49-521-1066033



Michigan State University invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track position as an assistant professor in Lyman Briggs School, an undergraduate, residential science program in the College of Natural Science, beginning Fall 1999 (or Spring 1999). Candidates must have a PhD with a specialization in the social study of science, medicine, or technology. Teaching experience and a research program expected. The successful candidate will work closely with undergraduates, teaching four courses per year which may include an introduction to Science and Technology Studies (STS) with an emphasis on freshman composition, upper level courses in sociology of science, medicine, or technology, and a senior seminar. Possibility exists of a joint or adjunct appointment with the Department of Sociology. Salary commensurate with experience, but in the range of $40,000 to $45,000. Underrepresented minorities and women are especially encouraged to apply. Letters of application, accompanied by a curriculum vitae, writing sample, and letters from three references, should be sent by July 31, 1998 to Director, Lyman Briggs School, E-27 Holmes Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48825-1107.

The Department of Science and Technology Studies at Cornell University is seeking to fill two tenure-track/tenured professorial positions. The search is open to applicants at any rank, but at least one appointment is expected to be at the Assistant Professor level. Areas of specialization within Science and Technology Studies are open, but it is expected that one appointment will be made in Biology and Society. Other areas of interest include, but are not restricted to, historical and contemporary social relations of S&T; cross-national studies of S&T; gender studies; and law, science and technology. Applicants should have a strong record of research and publication in Science and Technology Studies. Successful applicants will be expected to teach undergraduate and graduate courses and to play an active role in the Department's graduate training program. Administrative experience and success in obtaining external research support will also be considered favorably. Candidates should submit: (a) a letter of application explaining the relation of their research and teaching interests to these positions; (b) a curriculum vitae; (c) sample syllabi for undergraduate and graduate courses; (d) three letters of recommendation to be sent directly to the Department (senior candidates may, if they prefer, supply the names of three referees). Application materials should be submitted to Professor Peter Dear, Acting Chair, Department of Science & Technology Studies, 726 University Avenue, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850. Applications will be reviewed starting September 15, 1998. For further information, please contact the Department at 607-255-6234, or li10@cornell.edu, or http://www.sts.cornell.edu/CU-STS.html. Cornell University is an affirmative action/equal opportunity employer.

The Charles Babbage Institute seeks an Associate Director with a Ph.D. in the History of Science or Technology, or closely related fields (e.g. science and technology studies). The associate director will share responsibility for the programmatic activities of the institute, e.g. historical research, dissemination of information pertaining to the field of history of computing, participating in related professional societies, budget preparation, research direction, and editing the CBI Newsletter.

Electronic publication and administrative experience is desirable. A demonstrated ability to work with academic and administrative colleagues and a varied clientele efficiently, effectively, and cooperatively is required. The position is an annual, renewable academic administrative post. Applications should be submitted by June 30, 1998 to: Robert W. Seidel Charles Babbage Institute 103 Walter Library University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55455 The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer.

STS-ACTIVISM INTERNSHIPS: The Loka Institute has openings for volunteers, paid interns, and paid work-study students for 1998 (and beyond). We are a small but internationally influential nonprofit organization, dedicated to making science and technology responsive to democratically decided social and environmental concerns http://www.amherst.edu/~loka. The activities in which undergraduate and graduate student interns are involved vary from research assistance and writing to assisting in organizing conferences, project development and management, fundraising, managing our Internet lists, Web page updates, helping with clerical and other office work, etc. If you are interested in working with us to promote a democratic politics of science and technology, please send a hard copy resume, a list of references with their contact information, and a succinct letter explaining your interest to: The Loka Institute, P.O. Box 355, Amherst, MA 01004, USA.




Constructivism in Science Education: A Philosophical Examination, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998, Michael R. Matthews (ed.) Price: USD25, Length: 232pp, Publication Date: April 1998. Constructivism is one of the most influential theories in contemporary education and learning theory. It has had great influence in science education. The papers in this collection represent one of the most sustained examinations of the theoretical and philosophical foundations of constructivism yet published. Topics covered include: orthodox epistemology and the philosophical traditions of constructivism; the relationship of epistemology to learning theory; the connection between philosophy and pedagogy in constructivist practice; the difference between radical and social constructivism, and an appraisal of their epistemology; the strengths and weaknesses of the Strong Programme in the sociology of science and implications for science education. The book contains an extensive bibliography. Contributors include philosophers of science, philosophers of education, science educators, and cognitive scientists. The book is noteworthy for bringing this diverse range of disciplines together in the examination of a central educational topic. For further information contact: Dr Michael R. Matthews, School of Education Studies, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052 AUSTRALIA fax: 61-2-9385-6135 ph.: 61-2-9418-3665 email: m.matthews@unsw.edu.au

Elsevier Science are delighted to announce the launch of Part C of Elsevier's Studies in History and Philosophy of Science series: STUDIES IN HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES. Part B, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, was launched in 1995 to acclaim such as "Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics has established itself as the premier journal of history and philosophy of twentieth century physics." (W.G. Demopoulos, The University of Western Ontario, Canada). We are continuing this tradition with the launch of a high-quality journal devoted to all aspects of the history, sociology, philosophy and ethics of the biological and biomedical sciences from the latter part of the nineteenth century to the present - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. Though there are a number of specialist journals in the field, none cover it in such a rigorous way as Studies Part C promises. The journal is directed at a wide readership. A free subscription (comprising 2 issues) will be sent to all current subscribers to Studies Parts A and B throughout 1998. The first two issues of Part C and/or a package of all three journals are also available in 1998 at an introductory rate. Part C and the package of A,B and C will be available as a fully-paid subscription product in 1999. If you are interested in subscribing to or receiving a free sample copy of STUDIES IN HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES for 1998, please contact the Marketing Manager, Harriet Bell on h.bell@elsevier.co.uk

A Call for Manuscripts WOMEN IN SCIENCE, A Book Series Edited by Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie Throughout history, there has been a scarcity of women scientists. Yet in each time period, there have been a few women who have been scientists. The question arises: what special circumstances have existed in the lives of these women that made them become scientists in spite of an often hostile environment? What were some of the strategies that these unique women adopted in order to become successful in science? The Women in Science book series has been developed by Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie and Harwood Academic Publishers to provide answers to such questions by providing a publication outlet for talented scholars producing pivotal works on women in science, including: *Full-length biographies -- the cornerstone of this innovative series, *Collective biographies centered around a specific subject area or unifying link, *Collected works of women scientists as ancillary sourcebooks to the biographies, and *Critical analyses. With an international appeal, Women in Science will look at women scientists of all nationalities, races, disciplines, and time periods. As a whole, the series will provide an integrated wealth of information not previously available for those interested in the history of women and their place in the scientific world. *Manuscripts and proposals to be considered for inclusion in Women in Science should be submitted to Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie, the series editor, or Janell E. Robisch, the in-house editor with the Gordon and Breach Publishing Group. Dr. Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie History of Science Collections University of Oklahoma 401 West Brooks, Room 521 Norman, OK 73019-0528 (405) 325-1823 or 2741; Fax (405)325-7618 MOgilvie@OU.edu Janell E. Robisch G&B Editorial Services Two Gateway Center, 11th Floor Newark, NJ 07102 (973)643-7500 x. 224; fax (973)643-7676 Janell.Robisch@gbhap.com *Please include the table of contents and curriculum vitae with all proposals and manuscripts.



This is a notice about a new biannual journal, Culture and Cosmos, which is a refereed journal dedicated to the history of astrology and cultural astronomy. We are just about to go to printer with Vol. 1 no 2 culture@caol.demon.co.uk The contents of the coming volume are: Robert Zoller: The Hermetica as Ancient Science. Nick Kollerstrom: The Star Zodiac of Antiquity. Edgar Laird: Christine de Pizan and Controversy Concerning Star-Study in the Court of Charles V of France. Elizabeth Heine: W.B.Yeats: Poet and Astrologer. Jurgen Hoppman:: The Lichtenberger Prophecy and Melanchthons Horoscope for Luther, It goes without saying that we are also interested in any appropriate submissions. MAILING ADDRESS, Culture and Cosmos, PO Box 1071, Bristol BS99 1HE, UK , UK. Nicholas Campion



VIRTUAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS SCIENCE WEB SITE, Members of the STS community may be interested in a new web site we have put together to facilitate public discussion of new programs of virtual weapons science at America's nuclear weapons laboratories. We believe this web site will be of great interest to all members of the international STS community, not just those who directly follow weapons issues. America's weapons labs are currently developing a $45 billion program called Science Based Stockpile Stewardship. The weapons labs themselves say this program is essential to maintain America's nuclear weapons stockpile without nuclear testing. However, anti-nuclear activists have alleged that the program will enable the labs to circumvent the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, while dissident nuclear weapons scientists have warned (conversely) that the program may endanger the integrity of America's nuclear arsenal by encouraging the weapons labs to make unproven modifications to existing warhead designs. Our web site features a debate between Ray Kidder (a dissident scientist at the Livermore Laboratory who authored an article in Nature criticizing the stockpile stewardship program), David Dearborn (a nuclear weapons designer at Livermore), Phil Goldstone (an administrator at the Los Alamos Laboratory), and Arjun Makhijani (an anti-nuclear scientist who directs an NGO). There are also commentaries on the debate from Richard Garwin, Graham Spinardi and others, and an archive of comments from members of the public (to which all of you are welcome to add your own comments). We hope you will come by and check out our experiment in electronic democracy. The web address is: http://stsfac.mit.edu/projects/sbss/ Posted by Hugh Gusterson and Babak Ashrafi STS Program MIT, E51-185 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139. USA

Society for the Social History of Medicine website: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~ahzwww/homesshm.htm Since its inaugural meeting in 1970, the Society for the Social History of Medicine (SSHM) has pioneered inter-disciplinary approaches to the history of health, welfare, medical science and practice. Its membership consists of those interested in a variety of disciplines, including history, public health, demography, anthropology, sociology, social administration and health economics. The Society has an active Programmes Committee which organises at least two conferences per year. It publishes *Social History of Medicine* (Oxford University Press, 1988-) and the SSHM *Gazette*, an accompanying newsletter reporting on conferences and other relevant news. In 1987, following a number of Society-sponsored publications, SSHM also launched a series of edited volumes, currently published by Routledge under the title 'Studies in the Social History of Medicine'. Though primarily based in the United Kingdom, the Society has always had a thriving international membership, and Social History of Medicine has continued to expand its international coverage, reflecting the growing number of subscribers outside the UK. Details of membership and subscriptions, publications, past and forthcoming conferences, Executive Committee membershp and other news can all be found at the Society's website.

Shifting Ground, new interactive website about social and cultural movements http://www.lancs.ac.uk/users/csec/shiftingground/ - Join, or just read, 'threaded' discussions on social movements. - Search bibliography by subject, keyword, author or year. - Find links to other relevant sites. - Read news items about upcoming conferences and events. - Submit your own material - papers, news, bibliographic entries, reviews and comments. - Follow up questions or just lines of thought with other researchers. Shifting Ground is a new discussion and resource space, where academics and activists interested in new social and cultural movements can communicate with one another, debate about ideas and find relevant materials, information and links. It is an 'interactive', website, in the sense that anyone with access to the internet can not only look at what is on the site, using easy-to-use views, keywords and full-text searches, but also submit new items to each of the areas - the Noticeboard, the Resource Area, the Bibliography Area and the Discussion Area - or respond to what is there already. For more information contact Tom Cahill t.cahill@lancaster.ac.uk, Bronislaw Szerszynski bron@lancaster.ac.uk at the Centre for the Study of Environmental Change, Lancaster University, LA1 4YT, United Kingdom.

Climate Change Backlash Movement Those of you interested in climate change should check out the Ford Corporation's backlash site at http://www.ford.com/corporate-info/govt_policy/global.html

Great Science Studies site: Check out the Science Policy Support Group's website at: http://www.spsg.org/

HYLE An International Journal for the Philosophy of Chemistry

http://www.uni-karlsruhe.de/~philosophie/hyle.html A new electronic issue of HYLE. Vol.4, No.1 contains the following articles: Stephen J. Weininger (Worcester, USA): "Contemplating the Finger: Visuality and the Semiotics of Chemistry" Pierre Laszlo (Liége, Belgium): "Chemical Analysis as Dematerialization" Luigi Cerruti (Torino, Italy): "Chemicals as Instruments" Vladimir Karpenko (Praha, Czech Republic): "Alchemy as donum dei"



With the support of DG XII of the European Commission, the Network of European Centers in Science & Technology Studies NECSTS, the European Network of Economics of Technological and Institutional Change EUNETICS, and the programme of European Studies of Society, Science, and Technology ESST are in the process of making a European Guide for Science, Technology, and Innovation Studies. Under the guidance of a steering committee composed of representatives of these three networks, the guide has been produced as a joint project between Jan Annerstedt (Kopenhagen Business School/ Roskilde University) and Paul Wouters and Loet Leydesdorff (Science Dynamics, University of Amsterdam). The guide contains: 1. an introduction to the field for the various audiences 2. a large section with institutional information (appr. 80 institutes) 3. an analytical index organized along topics in our interdisciplinary field. A beta-version of the Guide is now already available at http://www.chem.uva.nl/sts/guide/ We welcome comments and suggestions for further improvement. Please, contact the first editor: Paul Wouters at text@demand.xs4all.nl. The guide will be made available both in an electronic and in a hardcopy version.



Arizona Action: The Birth of a 4S Activist Caucus

Sujatha Raman - Lancaster University, UK & University of Pittsburgh, USA

The idea of carving out a distinctive activist identity for 4S has been kicked around for a few years now. While the field of STS consists of several individuals committed to a democratic politics of science and technology, 4S itself bears few traces of a politically active organization. This tension reproduces itself in the structure of the Society's annual meetings: a thousand flowers are allowed to bloom, yet the conference core remains firmly anchored in a familiar, professional- academic rubric, permitting little general reflection on the politics of STS.

Time will tell if October 25, 1997 marked a genuine turning point in the history of 4S. But, the 3-part special session, "STS: Passive Present to Active Future" at the recent 4S meeting in Tucson, Arizona certainly generated a good deal of attention and debate on the "internal" and "external" politics of STS, the field and 4S, the organization. Part One of the session focused on how the content of STS research and teaching is being shaped by the downsizing and disciplinary transformation of universities. Part Two provided examples of efforts where STS is being used as a tool for social change.

The highlight of the special session was a Roundtable discussion that brought together these different concerns around the specific idea of creating an activist caucus within 4S. Organized by Jeff Howard (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) and facilitated by Doug Taylor (DePaul University), the Roundtable was attended by 24 people (not to forget several "virtual" bodies who for various reasons, could not make it to the meeting). During the course of the discussion, it became clear that people construed the purpose of "activism" along two different lines: (1.) in order to change the internal workings of 4S itself and (2.) in order to engage STS with the "external" world on a more systematic basis (that is, at the level of the organization, in addition to the already existing efforts of particular individuals). Further elaboration on this point helped clarify that the two were not mutually exclusive objectives; the first step appears to be necessary in order to get to the second. A Caucus could then be the mechanism by which interested 4S members work together to promote both objectives.

Issues relating to the working of 4S centered on the following. The most general concern was that the Council was not a truly representative body; many of the society's members have no say in setting its agenda. A specific concern that reflects this exclusion is the society's (lack of) involvement in the employment prospects of STS graduates. The establishment of Ph.D programs and a successful annual conference signal the formation of a new academic discipline. This, however, has not been backed up with the usual efforts that professional societies make in relation to the job market. For example, a job bureau could be set up to collect data on the number of PhDs being produced, their job status, the hiring practices of STS programs, and so forth. It could also provide assistance to graduates looking for non-academic employment and make a longer- term case for STS programs to provide training related to non-academic work.

The fact that 4S has no strong links with science teachers' associations was another concern expressed at the roundtable. This makes it difficult to highlight achievements and problems related to STS pedagogy at the annual conference, except as a special problem which makes no difference to the intellectual core of science studies. Likewise, the conference lacks a prominent space for the mutual exchange of ideas and information between academic STSers and political activists.

As the discussion moved on the question of "what next", a few specific steps for taking these concerns forward were identified. An e-mail discussion list has been set up to explore the options; a Caucus Webpage is expected to be in place soon. The identity and objectives of the caucus will necessarily take time to firm up; it can only happen with the active support and participation of interested members. Please join us in this important discussion.

Note: To subscribe to the e-mail Activist Caucus discussion list, send the following message "SUBSCRIBE 4SACTCAU" to LISTSERV@RPITSVM.BITNET or LISTSERV@VM.ITS.RPI.EDU If you encounter any problems subscribing, contact the list-master Steve Breyman, at <breyms@rpi.edu>

The Webpage is not yet up and running, but look for it in the coming months at the following URL




Waking up to Science Studies in the "New" University

Merle Jacob - University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Sujatha Raman - Lancaster University, UK & University of Pittsburgh, USA

The ongoing transformation of the research university has become a new object of STS research. Yet, the reflexive implications for the future of STS itself have been little explored. Indeed, recent 4S conferences and journal issues might seem to suggest that never has the field been in a healthier professional state. Ever more topics are being brought under the scrutiny of STS lenses, new prizes given away for books in the field; and if the recent science war-and-peace flaps are any indication, STS is attracting even wider academic and media attention. By the criteria of sheer output and professional recognition, the field is most certainly rolling along just fine.

Look instead at the working conditions of people producing some of this output and the picture begins to fragment discernibly. We in science studies may be savvy about common myths regarding the nature of knowledge; yet we seem to be thinking about issues related to the employment of STS-ers as job market matters external to the content of STS itself. It was in order to challenge this view and stimulate dialogue on alternative perspectives, that we organized a session at the recent annual meeting in Tucson on the subject of how "location affects the doing of STS". If the traditional location of knowledge production, the university, has been downsizing and/or sprouting new organizational forms, should we not be asking how STS is being affected?

In this Tucson panel, two presentations focused on the implications of the fact that a large part of European science studies work is done by short-term contract researchers working on a series of different projects designed in the name of a few permanent faculty. This arrangement has worked admirably for "productivity" and for STS expansion into new territory; but raises some thorny questions about autonomy, control, and power relations in STS work, as well as the lack of a coherent research trajectory for the "contracted" people. Opinion was divided on whether changes in working conditions should somehow be reversed - or, alternatively, if they could be used as springboard for seriously rethinking the purpose and form of knowledge production and academic careers.

A third panelist focused on the problems created by a research-intensive regime for STS teachers, particularly those teaching STS to scientists and engineers. The mining of new research topics and the working out of theoretical puzzles may give the field a certain vitality attractive to STS graduate students (attractive at least until they encounter the academic job market!). But it presents a challenge for those trying to adapt the same material for a scientific audience. A fourth panelist pointed to the fact that in the absence of a coherent interdisciplinary perspective on knowledge, STS theories have unwittingly provided ammunition for university downsizing and department "mergers and take-overs" in the US.

Judging by both the panelists' presentations and the lively discussion that ensued, there are different views out there on what ought be the future of STS practice, and on what would constitute intellectual advancement for both the field and the individual. We hope this debate will continue in other forums.

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